Calling a SQL User-defined function in a LINQ query

c# entity-framework linq linq-to-entities sql


I am having a hard time getting this to work. I am trying to do a radius search using the following Filter helper on an IQueryable. There are a set of other filters that get applied before RadiusSearch applies. The order shouldn't really matter since the goal is to get the query to be deferred until a ToList() operation.

public static IQueryable<ApiSearchCommunity> RadiusSearch(this IQueryable<ApiSearchCommunity> communities)
    var centerLatitude = 30.421278;
    var centerLongitude = -97.426261;
    var radius = 25;

    return communities.Select(c => new ApiSearchCommunity()
        CommunityId = c.CommunityId,
        City = c.City,
        //Distance = c.GetArcDistance(centerLatitude, centerLongitude, c.Latitude, c.Longitude, radius)

Can I somehow write a helper like GetArcDistance above which in turn calls a UDF on SQL? The query I am trying to generate is the following

        ) AS distance 
    FROM communities c) AS comms 
WHERE comms.distance <= 25 
ORDER BY comms.distance
12/23/2013 7:49:04 PM

Accepted Answer

Ok, I think I understand the question - the gist of it is you want to be able to call a SQL UDF as part of your Linq to Entities query.

This is if you're using database or model first:

This article explains how to do it:

To sum it up, you first need to edit your edmx file in an xml editor, in the edmx:StorageModels >> Schema section you need to specify a mapping to your sql udf, eg

<Function Name="SampleFunction" ReturnType="int" Schema="dbo">
    <Parameter Name="Param" Mode="In" Type="int" />

Then you need to create a static function somewhere with the EdmFunction attribute on it, something like this:

public static class ModelDefinedFunctions
    [EdmFunction("TestDBModel.Store", "SampleFunction")]
    public static int SampleFunction(int param)
      throw new NotSupportedException("Direct calls are not supported.");

This method will get mapped to the UDF at query time by entity framework. The first attribute argument is the store namespace - you can find this in your edmx xml file on the Schema element (look for Namespace). The second argument is the name of the udf.

You can then call it something like this:

var result = from s in context.UDFTests
            select new
                TestVal = ModelDefinedFunctions.SampleFunction(22)

Hope this helps.

8/23/2016 3:06:22 PM

Popular Answer

if you use Code-First approach, then you cannot call UDFs as you want (as of EF6) - here is the proof, and another one. You are only limited to calling UDF as a part of your SQL query:

bool result = FooContext.CreateQuery<bool>(
    "SELECT VALUE FooModel.Store.UserDefinedFunction(@someParameter) FROM {1}",
    new ObjectParameter("someParameter", someParameter)

which is ugly IMO and error-prone.

Also - this MSDN page says:

The process for calling a custom function requires three basic steps:

  1. Define a function in your conceptual model or declare a function in your storage model.

which essentially means you need to use Model-First approach to call UDFs.

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