Schema specified is not valid. Errors: The relationship was not loaded because the type is not available

asp.net-mvc c# entity-framework fluent foreign-keys

Question

I wish to reference the OrderAddress model twice in my Order model; once as a ShippingAddress and once as a BillingAdress.

On the other side, I want my OrderAddress model to have a list of OrderAddresses.

OrderAddress Model


public enum AddressType
{
    Billing,
    Shipping,
    Contact
}
public class OrderAddress : BaseModel
{
    public AddressType AddressType { get; set; }
    public bool IsPrimary { get; set; }

    public string Address { get; set; }
    public string CityStateZip { get; set; }
    public string ContactName { get; set; }
    public string PhoneNumber { get; set; }
    public string FaxNumber { get; set; }
    public string EmailAddress { get; set; }

    public virtual ICollection<Order> Orders { get; set; }

    public virtual ApplicationUser User { get; set; }
}

Order Model


public class Order : BaseModel
{
    public DateTime OrderDate { get; set; }

    public int BillingAddressId { get; set; }
    public virtual OrderAddress BillingAddress { get; set; }

    public int ShippingAddressId { get; set; }
    public virtual OrderAddress ShippingAddress { get; set; }

    public virtual ApplicationUser User { get; set; }

}

Fluent API


protected override void OnModelCreating(DbModelBuilder modelBuilder)
{
    base.OnModelCreating(modelBuilder);

    modelBuilder.Entity<Order>()
                .HasRequired(m => m.ShippingAddress)
                .WithMany(t => t.Orders)
                .HasForeignKey(m => m.ShippingAddressId)
                .WillCascadeOnDelete(false);

    modelBuilder.Entity<Order>()
                .HasRequired(m => m.BillingAddress)
                .WithMany(t => t.Orders)
                .HasForeignKey(m => m.BillingAddressId)
                .WillCascadeOnDelete(false);
}

When I try to run Update-Database, I get the following error:

Schema specified is not valid. Errors: The relationship 'MyApp.Domain.DAL.Order_ShippingAddress' was not loaded because the type 'MyApp.Domain.DAL.OrderAddress' is not available.

What am I doing wrong?

1
30
3/24/2014 12:56:33 PM

Popular Answer

The error is a little cryptic, so I'm not sure if this is the reason you're getting that particular error, but I do know it will cause some error, so you can start by fixing this:

What you have is two one-to-many relationships to the same model on one class. That's not a problem per se, but you have to treat them as separate. In other words, they can't both have a opposite relationship of Orders, because relationally, there's no way to know which foreign key relationship should populate that list. If you simply change your fluent API definition to something like .WithMany(t => t.Orders_Shipping) and .WithMany(t => t.Orders_Billing), I think that will clear up your error.

43
3/24/2014 2:03:08 PM


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