ADO EF - Associations de mappage d'erreurs entre types dérivés dans TPH

c# entity-framework orm

Question

Contexte

J'écris une bibliothèque d'accès aux données à l'aide d'ADO Entity Framework dans Visual Studio 2008 SP1 à l'aide de .NET Framework 3.5 SP1. J'essaie de créer des associations entre deux entités dérivées d'un type abstrait. Je représente les deux hiérarchies d'héritage d'entité à l'aide de Table par hiérarchie (TPH), ce qui signifie qu'il n'y a que deux tables - une pour chaque hiérarchie d'héritage d'entité.

REMARQUE Vous pouvez utiliser le type de table par type (TPT) pour éviter ce problème, mais le logiciel présente ses propres inconvénients. Voir ici et ici pour plus de détails lors du choix entre les modèles de persistance d'héritage.

Voici une capture d'écran de la vue Designer du modèle d'entité:

Vue Création du modèle d'entité dans Visual Studio 2008 SP1

Et voici une capture d'écran du schéma de base de données:

Schéma de base de données

Hypothèses

Lorsque vous créez des associations dans ADO Entity Framework Designer entre des types dérivés modélisés avec TPH à l'aide de Visual Studio 2008 SP1 et de .NET Framework 3.5 SP1, vous recevez probablement le message "Erreur 3034: Deux entités avec des clés différentes sont mappées sur le même Assurez-vous que ces deux fragments de mappage ne mappent pas deux groupes d'entités avec des clés qui se chevauchent sur le même groupe de lignes. "

D'après ce que j'ai lu en ligne , pour résoudre ce problème, vous devez ajouter une condition à l'association sur la clé étrangère, comme suit:

<Condition ColumnName="Endpoint1" IsNull="false" />

Voici une capture d'écran de cette modification pour l'association PersonPersonToPerson1:

Visual Studio 2008 SP1 Édition de GraphModel.edmx

Contraintes

  • Les classes de base de chaque hiérarchie (par exemple, nœud et lien) doivent être abstraites.
  • Les propriétés de navigation des associations entre deux types dérivés doivent être distinguées par type de lien (par exemple, PersonToPerson et PersonToLocation). Cela signifie que vous ne pouvez pas créer les associations entre les classes de base abstraites Link et Node.

Problème:

Lorsque je crée le modèle d'entité comme décrit ci-dessus et que j'ajoute les conditions aux maillages Association comme décrit dans les hypothèses ci-dessus, je reçois le message "Erreur 3023" lors de la création / validation du modèle.

Error   1   Error 3023: Problem in Mapping Fragments starting at lines 146, 153, 159, 186, 195, 204, 213: Column Link.Endpoint1 has no default value and is not nullable. A column value is required to store entity data.
An Entity with Key (PK) will not round-trip when:
((PK is NOT in 'LinkSet' EntitySet OR PK does NOT play Role 'PersonToPerson' in AssociationSet 'PersonPersonToPerson1') AND (PK is in 'LinkSet' EntitySet OR PK plays Role 'PersonToPerson' in AssociationSet 'PersonPersonToPerson1' OR PK plays Role 'PersonToPerson' in AssociationSet 'PersonPersonToPerson'))
C:\Documents and Settings\Demo\My Documents\Visual Studio 2008\Projects\GraphExample2.BusinessEntities\GraphExample2.BusinessEntities\GraphModel.edmx   147 15  GraphExample2.BusinessEntities

Dans le scénario ci-dessus, Entity Framework s'accroche, c'est que deux propriétés sont mappées sur les mêmes clés étrangères. Par exemple, la colonne et la clé étrangère pour Endpoint1 sont mappées sur la propriété Person dans le type dérivé PersonToLocation et sur la propriété Leader dans le type dérivé PersonToPerson.

Je ne comprends pas pourquoi c'est un problème. Etant donné que les propriétés Leader / Follower ne sont que dans le type dérivé PersonToPerson - et non pas un autre type dérivé ou type de base - et qu'il en est de même pour la propriété Person / Location, pourquoi le champ TypeDiscriminator n'est-il pas suffisant pour que EF puisse déterminer lequel définir une ligne donnée appartient à?

Il me semble que si vous avez affaire à un objet où TypeDiscriminator = 1, vous placez Endpoint1 dans Leader et Endpoint2 dans Follower. De même, si vous traitez avec un objet où TypeDiscriminator = 2, vous placez Endpoint1 dans Person et Endpoint2 dans Location.

Question:

Comment résolvez-vous l'erreur 3023 pour autoriser ces associations?

OU

Comment créez-vous le type d'associations dans ADO Entity Framework que j'ai décrit ci-dessus?

Références:

Code

SQL:

USE [GraphExample2]
GO
/****** Object:  Table [dbo].[Node]    Script Date: 02/17/2009 14:36:13 ******/
SET ANSI_NULLS ON
GO
SET QUOTED_IDENTIFIER ON
GO
SET ANSI_PADDING ON
GO
CREATE TABLE [dbo].[Node](
    [NodeID] [int] NOT NULL,
    [NodeTypeDiscriminator] [int] NOT NULL,
    [Name] [varchar](255) NOT NULL,
    [Description] [varchar](1023) NULL,
 CONSTRAINT [PK_Node] PRIMARY KEY CLUSTERED 
(
    [NodeID] ASC
)WITH (PAD_INDEX  = OFF, STATISTICS_NORECOMPUTE  = OFF, IGNORE_DUP_KEY = OFF, ALLOW_ROW_LOCKS  = ON, ALLOW_PAGE_LOCKS  = ON) ON [PRIMARY]
) ON [PRIMARY]
GO
SET ANSI_PADDING OFF
GO
/****** Object:  Table [dbo].[Link]    Script Date: 02/17/2009 14:36:12 ******/
SET ANSI_NULLS ON
GO
SET QUOTED_IDENTIFIER ON
GO
SET ANSI_PADDING ON
GO
CREATE TABLE [dbo].[Link](
    [LinkID] [int] NOT NULL,
    [LinkTypeDiscriminator] [int] NOT NULL,
    [Endpoint1] [int] NOT NULL,
    [Endpoint2] [int] NOT NULL,
    [Name] [varchar](255) NULL,
    [Description] [varchar](1023) NULL,
 CONSTRAINT [PK_Link] PRIMARY KEY CLUSTERED 
(
    [LinkID] ASC
)WITH (PAD_INDEX  = OFF, STATISTICS_NORECOMPUTE  = OFF, IGNORE_DUP_KEY = OFF, ALLOW_ROW_LOCKS  = ON, ALLOW_PAGE_LOCKS  = ON) ON [PRIMARY]
) ON [PRIMARY]
GO
SET ANSI_PADDING OFF
GO
/****** Object:  ForeignKey [FK_Link_Node_Endpoint1]    Script Date: 02/17/2009 14:36:12 ******/
ALTER TABLE [dbo].[Link]  WITH CHECK ADD  CONSTRAINT [FK_Link_Node_Endpoint1] FOREIGN KEY([Endpoint1])
REFERENCES [dbo].[Node] ([NodeID])
GO
ALTER TABLE [dbo].[Link] CHECK CONSTRAINT [FK_Link_Node_Endpoint1]
GO
/****** Object:  ForeignKey [FK_Link_Node_Endpoint2]    Script Date: 02/17/2009 14:36:12 ******/
ALTER TABLE [dbo].[Link]  WITH CHECK ADD  CONSTRAINT [FK_Link_Node_Endpoint2] FOREIGN KEY([Endpoint2])
REFERENCES [dbo].[Node] ([NodeID])
GO
ALTER TABLE [dbo].[Link] CHECK CONSTRAINT [FK_Link_Node_Endpoint2]
GO

EDMX:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<edmx:Edmx Version="1.0" xmlns:edmx="http://schemas.microsoft.com/ado/2007/06/edmx">
  <!-- EF Runtime content -->
  <edmx:Runtime>
    <!-- SSDL content -->
    <edmx:StorageModels>
      <Schema Namespace="GraphModel.Store" Alias="Self" Provider="System.Data.SqlClient" ProviderManifestToken="2005" xmlns:store="http://schemas.microsoft.com/ado/2007/12/edm/EntityStoreSchemaGenerator" xmlns="http://schemas.microsoft.com/ado/2006/04/edm/ssdl">
        <EntityContainer Name="GraphModelStoreContainer">
          <EntitySet Name="Link" EntityType="GraphModel.Store.Link" store:Type="Tables" Schema="dbo" />
          <EntitySet Name="Node" EntityType="GraphModel.Store.Node" store:Type="Tables" Schema="dbo" />
          <AssociationSet Name="FK_Link_Node_Endpoint1" Association="GraphModel.Store.FK_Link_Node_Endpoint1">
            <End Role="Node" EntitySet="Node" />
            <End Role="Link" EntitySet="Link" />
          </AssociationSet>
          <AssociationSet Name="FK_Link_Node_Endpoint2" Association="GraphModel.Store.FK_Link_Node_Endpoint2">
            <End Role="Node" EntitySet="Node" />
            <End Role="Link" EntitySet="Link" />
          </AssociationSet>
        </EntityContainer>
        <EntityType Name="Link">
          <Key>
            <PropertyRef Name="LinkID" />
          </Key>
          <Property Name="LinkID" Type="int" Nullable="false" />
          <Property Name="LinkTypeDiscriminator" Type="int" Nullable="false" />
          <Property Name="Endpoint1" Type="int" Nullable="false" />
          <Property Name="Endpoint2" Type="int" Nullable="false" />
          <Property Name="Name" Type="varchar" MaxLength="255" />
          <Property Name="Description" Type="varchar" MaxLength="1023" />
        </EntityType>
        <EntityType Name="Node">
          <Key>
            <PropertyRef Name="NodeID" />
          </Key>
          <Property Name="NodeID" Type="int" Nullable="false" />
          <Property Name="NodeTypeDiscriminator" Type="int" Nullable="false" />
          <Property Name="Name" Type="varchar" Nullable="false" MaxLength="255" />
          <Property Name="Description" Type="varchar" MaxLength="1023" />
        </EntityType>
        <Association Name="FK_Link_Node_Endpoint1">
          <End Role="Node" Type="GraphModel.Store.Node" Multiplicity="1" />
          <End Role="Link" Type="GraphModel.Store.Link" Multiplicity="*" />
          <ReferentialConstraint>
            <Principal Role="Node">
              <PropertyRef Name="NodeID" />
            </Principal>
            <Dependent Role="Link">
              <PropertyRef Name="Endpoint1" />
            </Dependent>
          </ReferentialConstraint>
        </Association>
        <Association Name="FK_Link_Node_Endpoint2">
          <End Role="Node" Type="GraphModel.Store.Node" Multiplicity="1" />
          <End Role="Link" Type="GraphModel.Store.Link" Multiplicity="*" />
          <ReferentialConstraint>
            <Principal Role="Node">
              <PropertyRef Name="NodeID" />
            </Principal>
            <Dependent Role="Link">
              <PropertyRef Name="Endpoint2" />
            </Dependent>
          </ReferentialConstraint>
        </Association>
      </Schema>
    </edmx:StorageModels>
    <!-- CSDL content -->
    <edmx:ConceptualModels>
      <Schema xmlns="http://schemas.microsoft.com/ado/2006/04/edm" Namespace="GraphModel" Alias="Self">
        <EntityContainer Name="GraphModelContainer" >
          <EntitySet Name="NodeSet" EntityType="GraphModel.Node" />
          <EntitySet Name="LinkSet" EntityType="GraphModel.Link" />
          <AssociationSet Name="PersonPersonToPerson" Association="GraphModel.PersonPersonToPerson">
            <End Role="Person" EntitySet="NodeSet" />
            <End Role="PersonToPerson" EntitySet="LinkSet" />
          </AssociationSet>
          <AssociationSet Name="PersonPersonToPerson1" Association="GraphModel.PersonPersonToPerson1">
            <End Role="Person" EntitySet="NodeSet" />
            <End Role="PersonToPerson" EntitySet="LinkSet" />
          </AssociationSet>
          <AssociationSet Name="Person_PersonToLocation" Association="GraphModel.Person_PersonToLocation">
            <End Role="Person" EntitySet="NodeSet" />
            <End Role="PersonToLocation" EntitySet="LinkSet" />
          </AssociationSet>
          <AssociationSet Name="Location_PersonToLocation" Association="GraphModel.Location_PersonToLocation">
            <End Role="Location" EntitySet="NodeSet" />
            <End Role="PersonToLocation" EntitySet="LinkSet" />
          </AssociationSet>
        </EntityContainer>
        <EntityType Name="Node" Abstract="true">
          <Key>
            <PropertyRef Name="NodeId" />
          </Key>
          <Property Name="NodeId" Type="Int32" Nullable="false" />
          <Property Name="Name" Type="String" Nullable="false" />
          <Property Name="Description" Type="String" Nullable="true" />
        </EntityType>
        <EntityType Name="Person" BaseType="GraphModel.Node" >
          <NavigationProperty Name="Leaders" Relationship="GraphModel.PersonPersonToPerson" FromRole="Person" ToRole="PersonToPerson" />
          <NavigationProperty Name="Followers" Relationship="GraphModel.PersonPersonToPerson1" FromRole="Person" ToRole="PersonToPerson" />
          <NavigationProperty Name="Locations" Relationship="GraphModel.Person_PersonToLocation" FromRole="Person" ToRole="PersonToLocation" />
        </EntityType>
        <EntityType Name="Location" BaseType="GraphModel.Node" >
          <NavigationProperty Name="Visitors" Relationship="GraphModel.Location_PersonToLocation" FromRole="Location" ToRole="PersonToLocation" />
        </EntityType>
        <EntityType Name="Link" Abstract="true">
          <Key>
            <PropertyRef Name="LinkId" />
          </Key>
          <Property Name="LinkId" Type="Int32" Nullable="false" />
          <Property Name="Name" Type="String" Nullable="true" />
          <Property Name="Description" Type="String" Nullable="true" />
        </EntityType>
        <EntityType Name="PersonToPerson" BaseType="GraphModel.Link" >
          <NavigationProperty Name="Leader" Relationship="GraphModel.PersonPersonToPerson" FromRole="PersonToPerson" ToRole="Person" />
          <NavigationProperty Name="Follower" Relationship="GraphModel.PersonPersonToPerson1" FromRole="PersonToPerson" ToRole="Person" />
        </EntityType>
        <EntityType Name="PersonToLocation" BaseType="GraphModel.Link" >
          <NavigationProperty Name="Person" Relationship="GraphModel.Person_PersonToLocation" FromRole="PersonToLocation" ToRole="Person" />
          <NavigationProperty Name="Location" Relationship="GraphModel.Location_PersonToLocation" FromRole="PersonToLocation" ToRole="Location" />
        </EntityType>
        <Association Name="PersonPersonToPerson">
          <End Type="GraphModel.Person" Role="Person" Multiplicity="1" />
          <End Type="GraphModel.PersonToPerson" Role="PersonToPerson" Multiplicity="*" />
        </Association>
        <Association Name="PersonPersonToPerson1">
          <End Type="GraphModel.Person" Role="Person" Multiplicity="1" />
          <End Type="GraphModel.PersonToPerson" Role="PersonToPerson" Multiplicity="*" />
        </Association>
        <Association Name="Person_PersonToLocation">
          <End Type="GraphModel.Person" Role="Person" Multiplicity="1" />
          <End Type="GraphModel.PersonToLocation" Role="PersonToLocation" Multiplicity="*" />
        </Association>
        <Association Name="Location_PersonToLocation">
          <End Type="GraphModel.Location" Role="Location" Multiplicity="1" />
          <End Type="GraphModel.PersonToLocation" Role="PersonToLocation" Multiplicity="*" />
        </Association>
      </Schema>
    </edmx:ConceptualModels>
    <!-- C-S mapping content -->
    <edmx:Mappings>
      <Mapping xmlns="urn:schemas-microsoft-com:windows:storage:mapping:CS" Space="C-S">
        <Alias Key="Model" Value="GraphModel" />
        <Alias Key="Target" Value="GraphModel.Store" />
        <EntityContainerMapping CdmEntityContainer="GraphModelContainer" StorageEntityContainer="GraphModelStoreContainer">
          <EntitySetMapping Name="LinkSet">
            <EntityTypeMapping TypeName="IsTypeOf(GraphModel.Link)">
              <MappingFragment StoreEntitySet="Link">
                <ScalarProperty Name="Description" ColumnName="Description" />
                <ScalarProperty Name="Name" ColumnName="Name" />
                <ScalarProperty Name="LinkId" ColumnName="LinkID" />
              </MappingFragment>
            </EntityTypeMapping>
            <EntityTypeMapping TypeName="IsTypeOf(GraphModel.PersonToPerson)">
              <MappingFragment StoreEntitySet="Link" >
                <ScalarProperty Name="LinkId" ColumnName="LinkID" />
                <Condition ColumnName="LinkTypeDiscriminator" Value="1" />
              </MappingFragment>
            </EntityTypeMapping>
            <EntityTypeMapping TypeName="IsTypeOf(GraphModel.PersonToLocation)">
              <MappingFragment StoreEntitySet="Link" >
                <ScalarProperty Name="LinkId" ColumnName="LinkID" />
                <Condition ColumnName="LinkTypeDiscriminator" Value="2" />
              </MappingFragment>
            </EntityTypeMapping>
          </EntitySetMapping>
          <EntitySetMapping Name="NodeSet">
            <EntityTypeMapping TypeName="IsTypeOf(GraphModel.Node)">
              <MappingFragment StoreEntitySet="Node">
                <ScalarProperty Name="Description" ColumnName="Description" />
                <ScalarProperty Name="Name" ColumnName="Name" />
                <ScalarProperty Name="NodeId" ColumnName="NodeID" />
              </MappingFragment>
            </EntityTypeMapping>
            <EntityTypeMapping TypeName="IsTypeOf(GraphModel.Person)">
              <MappingFragment StoreEntitySet="Node" >
                <ScalarProperty Name="NodeId" ColumnName="NodeID" />
                <Condition ColumnName="NodeTypeDiscriminator" Value="1" />
              </MappingFragment>
            </EntityTypeMapping>
            <EntityTypeMapping TypeName="IsTypeOf(GraphModel.Location)">
              <MappingFragment StoreEntitySet="Node" >
                <ScalarProperty Name="NodeId" ColumnName="NodeID" />
                <Condition ColumnName="NodeTypeDiscriminator" Value="2" />
              </MappingFragment>
            </EntityTypeMapping>
          </EntitySetMapping>
          <AssociationSetMapping Name="PersonPersonToPerson1" TypeName="GraphModel.PersonPersonToPerson1" StoreEntitySet="Link">
            <EndProperty Name="Person">
              <ScalarProperty Name="NodeId" ColumnName="Endpoint1" />
            </EndProperty>
            <EndProperty Name="PersonToPerson">
              <ScalarProperty Name="LinkId" ColumnName="LinkID" />
            </EndProperty>
            <Condition ColumnName="Endpoint1" IsNull="false" />
          </AssociationSetMapping>
          <AssociationSetMapping Name="PersonPersonToPerson" TypeName="GraphModel.PersonPersonToPerson" StoreEntitySet="Link">
            <EndProperty Name="Person">
              <ScalarProperty Name="NodeId" ColumnName="Endpoint2" />
            </EndProperty>
            <EndProperty Name="PersonToPerson">
              <ScalarProperty Name="LinkId" ColumnName="LinkID" />
            </EndProperty>
            <Condition ColumnName="Endpoint2" IsNull="false" />
          </AssociationSetMapping>
          <AssociationSetMapping Name="Person_PersonToLocation" TypeName="GraphModel.Person_PersonToLocation" StoreEntitySet="Link">
            <EndProperty Name="Person">
              <ScalarProperty Name="NodeId" ColumnName="Endpoint1" />
            </EndProperty>
            <EndProperty Name="PersonToLocation">
              <ScalarProperty Name="LinkId" ColumnName="LinkID" />
            </EndProperty>
            <Condition ColumnName="Endpoint1" IsNull="false" />
          </AssociationSetMapping>
          <AssociationSetMapping Name="Location_PersonToLocation" TypeName="GraphModel.Location_PersonToLocation" StoreEntitySet="Link">
            <EndProperty Name="Location">
              <ScalarProperty Name="NodeId" ColumnName="Endpoint2" />
            </EndProperty>
            <EndProperty Name="PersonToLocation">
              <ScalarProperty Name="LinkId" ColumnName="LinkID" />
            </EndProperty>
            <Condition ColumnName="Endpoint2" IsNull="false" />
          </AssociationSetMapping>
        </EntityContainerMapping>
      </Mapping>
    </edmx:Mappings>
  </edmx:Runtime>
  <!-- EF Designer content (DO NOT EDIT MANUALLY BELOW HERE) -->
  <edmx:Designer xmlns="http://schemas.microsoft.com/ado/2007/06/edmx">
    <edmx:Connection>
      <DesignerInfoPropertySet>
        <DesignerProperty Name="MetadataArtifactProcessing" Value="EmbedInOutputAssembly" />
      </DesignerInfoPropertySet>
    </edmx:Connection>
    <edmx:Options>
      <DesignerInfoPropertySet>
        <DesignerProperty Name="ValidateOnBuild" Value="true" />
      </DesignerInfoPropertySet>
    </edmx:Options>
    <!-- Diagram content (shape and connector positions) -->
    <edmx:Diagrams>
      <Diagram Name="GraphModel" ZoomLevel="114" >
        <EntityTypeShape EntityType="GraphModel.Node" Width="1.5" PointX="5.875" PointY="1.375" Height="1.427958984375" />
        <EntityTypeShape EntityType="GraphModel.Person" Width="1.5" PointX="5.875" PointY="3.25" Height="1.4279589843749996" />
        <EntityTypeShape EntityType="GraphModel.Location" Width="1.5" PointX="7.75" PointY="4.625" Height="1.0992643229166665" />
        <InheritanceConnector EntityType="GraphModel.Location">
          <ConnectorPoint PointX="7.375" PointY="2.0889794921875" />
          <ConnectorPoint PointX="8.5" PointY="2.0889794921875" />
          <ConnectorPoint PointX="8.5" PointY="4.625" />
        </InheritanceConnector>
        <EntityTypeShape EntityType="GraphModel.Link" Width="1.5" PointX="2.875" PointY="1.375" Height="1.427958984375" />
        <EntityTypeShape EntityType="GraphModel.PersonToPerson" Width="1.75" PointX="2.625" PointY="3.125" Height="0.9349169921875" />
        <InheritanceConnector EntityType="GraphModel.PersonToPerson">
          <ConnectorPoint PointX="3.625" PointY="2.802958984375" />
          <ConnectorPoint PointX="3.625" PointY="3.125" />
        </InheritanceConnector>
        <InheritanceConnector EntityType="GraphModel.Person">
          <ConnectorPoint PointX="6.625" PointY="2.802958984375" />
          <ConnectorPoint PointX="6.625" PointY="3.25" />
        </InheritanceConnector>
        <EntityTypeShape EntityType="GraphModel.PersonToLocation" Width="1.875" PointX="0.75" PointY="4.625" Height="1.2636116536458326" />
        <InheritanceConnector EntityType="GraphModel.PersonToLocation">
          <ConnectorPoint PointX="2.875" PointY="2.0889794921875" />
          <ConnectorPoint PointX="1.65625" PointY="2.0889794921875" />
          <ConnectorPoint PointX="1.65625" PointY="4.625" />
        </InheritanceConnector>
        <AssociationConnector Association="GraphModel.PersonPersonToPerson">
          <ConnectorPoint PointX="5.875" PointY="3.8193058268229163" />
          <ConnectorPoint PointX="4.375" PointY="3.8193058268229163" />
        </AssociationConnector>
        <AssociationConnector Association="GraphModel.PersonPersonToPerson1">
          <ConnectorPoint PointX="5.875" PointY="3.4721529134114579" />
          <ConnectorPoint PointX="4.375" PointY="3.4721529134114579" />
        </AssociationConnector>
        <AssociationConnector Association="GraphModel.Person_PersonToLocation">
          <ConnectorPoint PointX="6.625" PointY="4.677958984375" />
          <ConnectorPoint PointX="6.625" PointY="5.1875" />
          <ConnectorPoint PointX="2.625" PointY="5.1875" />
        </AssociationConnector>
        <AssociationConnector Association="GraphModel.Location_PersonToLocation">
          <ConnectorPoint PointX="7.75" PointY="5.4791666666666661" />
          <ConnectorPoint PointX="2.625" PointY="5.4791666666666661" />
        </AssociationConnector>
      </Diagram>
    </edmx:Diagrams>
  </edmx:Designer>
</edmx:Edmx>

Réponse acceptée

Contournement possible

  1. Créez une colonne distincte pour chaque association entre les types dérivés et rendez chacune de ces colonnes nullable
  2. Créez une clé étrangère entre chacune de ces nouvelles colonnes et la table de clés primaires.
  3. Mappez chaque association de votre modèle d'entité sur une colonne et une clé étrangère spécifiques et uniques, de sorte que chaque colonne et clé étrangère ne soit utilisée qu'une seule fois.

Problèmes

C'est une solution peu souhaitable car elle explose le nombre de colonnes dont vous avez besoin.

  • More Columns - L'ajout d'une colonne pour chaque association entre des types dérivés entraîne une explosion du nombre de colonnes.
  • Colonnes vides Dans le cas de TPH, cela signifie que vous aurez beaucoup de colonnes vides dans votre tableau.
  • SQL JOIN - Le passage de TPH à TPT pour éviter le nombre de colonnes vides oblige EF à utiliser un JOIN, ce qui doit se produire très fréquemment (presque chaque fois que vous utilisez un type dérivé).
  • Refactoring Si vous ajoutez un type dérivé ultérieurement, vous devez non seulement mettre à jour votre modèle Entity (* .edmx) et son mappage, mais vous devez également modifier le schéma de base de données en ajoutant des colonnes!

Exemple

Pour l'exemple de lien / nœud ci-dessus, le schéma de base de données résultant ressemblerait à ceci:

Schéma de la base de données GraphExample Workaround http://img230.imageshack.us/img230/1628/graphexampledatabasewor.th.png


Code

SQL:

USE [GraphExample2]
GO
/****** Object:  Table [dbo].[Node]    Script Date: 02/26/2009 15:45:53 ******/
SET ANSI_NULLS ON
GO
SET QUOTED_IDENTIFIER ON
GO
SET ANSI_PADDING ON
GO
CREATE TABLE [dbo].[Node](
    [NodeID] [int] IDENTITY(1,1) NOT NULL,
    [NodeTypeDiscriminator] [int] NOT NULL,
    [Name] [varchar](255) NOT NULL,
    [Description] [varchar](1023) NULL,
 CONSTRAINT [PK_Node] PRIMARY KEY CLUSTERED 
(
    [NodeID] ASC
)WITH (PAD_INDEX  = OFF, STATISTICS_NORECOMPUTE  = OFF, IGNORE_DUP_KEY = OFF, ALLOW_ROW_LOCKS  = ON, ALLOW_PAGE_LOCKS  = ON) ON [PRIMARY]
) ON [PRIMARY]
GO
SET ANSI_PADDING OFF
GO
/****** Object:  Table [dbo].[Link]    Script Date: 02/26/2009 15:45:53 ******/
SET ANSI_NULLS ON
GO
SET QUOTED_IDENTIFIER ON
GO
SET ANSI_PADDING ON
GO
CREATE TABLE [dbo].[Link](
    [LinkID] [int] IDENTITY(1,1) NOT NULL,
    [LinkTypeDiscriminator] [int] NOT NULL,
    [LeaderID] [int] NULL,
    [FollowerID] [int] NULL,
    [PersonID] [int] NULL,
    [LocationID] [int] NULL,
    [Name] [varchar](255) NULL,
    [Description] [varchar](1023) NULL,
 CONSTRAINT [PK_Link] PRIMARY KEY CLUSTERED 
(
    [LinkID] ASC
)WITH (PAD_INDEX  = OFF, STATISTICS_NORECOMPUTE  = OFF, IGNORE_DUP_KEY = OFF, ALLOW_ROW_LOCKS  = ON, ALLOW_PAGE_LOCKS  = ON) ON [PRIMARY]
) ON [PRIMARY]
GO
SET ANSI_PADDING OFF
GO
/****** Object:  ForeignKey [FK_Link_Node_Follower]    Script Date: 02/26/2009 15:45:53 ******/
ALTER TABLE [dbo].[Link]  WITH CHECK ADD  CONSTRAINT [FK_Link_Node_Follower] FOREIGN KEY([FollowerID])
REFERENCES [dbo].[Node] ([NodeID])
GO
ALTER TABLE [dbo].[Link] CHECK CONSTRAINT [FK_Link_Node_Follower]
GO
/****** Object:  ForeignKey [FK_Link_Node_Leader]    Script Date: 02/26/2009 15:45:53 ******/
ALTER TABLE [dbo].[Link]  WITH CHECK ADD  CONSTRAINT [FK_Link_Node_Leader] FOREIGN KEY([LeaderID])
REFERENCES [dbo].[Node] ([NodeID])
GO
ALTER TABLE [dbo].[Link] CHECK CONSTRAINT [FK_Link_Node_Leader]
GO
/****** Object:  ForeignKey [FK_Link_Node_Location]    Script Date: 02/26/2009 15:45:53 ******/
ALTER TABLE [dbo].[Link]  WITH CHECK ADD  CONSTRAINT [FK_Link_Node_Location] FOREIGN KEY([LocationID])
REFERENCES [dbo].[Node] ([NodeID])
GO
ALTER TABLE [dbo].[Link] CHECK CONSTRAINT [FK_Link_Node_Location]
GO
/****** Object:  ForeignKey [FK_Link_Node_Person]    Script Date: 02/26/2009 15:45:53 ******/
ALTER TABLE [dbo].[Link]  WITH CHECK ADD  CONSTRAINT [FK_Link_Node_Person] FOREIGN KEY([PersonID])
REFERENCES [dbo].[Node] ([NodeID])
GO
ALTER TABLE [dbo].[Link] CHECK CONSTRAINT [FK_Link_Node_Person]
GO

EDMX:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
  <edmx:Edmx Version="1.0" xmlns:edmx="http://schemas.microsoft.com/ado/2007/06/edmx">
    <!-- EF Runtime content -->
    <edmx:Runtime>
      <!-- SSDL content -->
      <edmx:StorageModels>
        <Schema Namespace="GraphModel.Store" Alias="Self" Provider="System.Data.SqlClient" ProviderManifestToken="2005" xmlns:store="http://schemas.microsoft.com/ado/2007/12/edm/EntityStoreSchemaGenerator" xmlns="http://schemas.microsoft.com/ado/2006/04/edm/ssdl">
          <EntityContainer Name="GraphModelStoreContainer">
            <EntitySet Name="Link" EntityType="GraphModel.Store.Link" store:Type="Tables" Schema="dbo" />
            <EntitySet Name="Node" EntityType="GraphModel.Store.Node" store:Type="Tables" Schema="dbo" />
            <AssociationSet Name="FK_Link_Node_Follower" Association="GraphModel.Store.FK_Link_Node_Follower">
              <End Role="Node" EntitySet="Node" />
              <End Role="Link" EntitySet="Link" />
            </AssociationSet>
            <AssociationSet Name="FK_Link_Node_Leader" Association="GraphModel.Store.FK_Link_Node_Leader">
              <End Role="Node" EntitySet="Node" />
              <End Role="Link" EntitySet="Link" />
            </AssociationSet>
            <AssociationSet Name="FK_Link_Node_Location" Association="GraphModel.Store.FK_Link_Node_Location">
              <End Role="Node" EntitySet="Node" />
              <End Role="Link" EntitySet="Link" />
            </AssociationSet>
            <AssociationSet Name="FK_Link_Node_Person" Association="GraphModel.Store.FK_Link_Node_Person">
              <End Role="Node" EntitySet="Node" />
              <End Role="Link" EntitySet="Link" />
            </AssociationSet>
          </EntityContainer>
          <EntityType Name="Link">
            <Key>
              <PropertyRef Name="LinkID" />
            </Key>
            <Property Name="LinkID" Type="int" Nullable="false" StoreGeneratedPattern="Identity" />
            <Property Name="LinkTypeDiscriminator" Type="int" Nullable="false" />
            <Property Name="LeaderID" Type="int" />
            <Property Name="FollowerID" Type="int" />
            <Property Name="PersonID" Type="int" />
            <Property Name="LocationID" Type="int" />
            <Property Name="Name" Type="varchar" MaxLength="255" />
            <Property Name="Description" Type="varchar" MaxLength="1023" />
          </EntityType>
          <EntityType Name="Node">
            <Key>
              <PropertyRef Name="NodeID" />
            </Key>
            <Property Name="NodeID" Type="int" Nullable="false" StoreGeneratedPattern="Identity" />
            <Property Name="NodeTypeDiscriminator" Type="int" Nullable="false" />
            <Property Name="Name" Type="varchar" Nullable="false" MaxLength="255" />
            <Property Name="Description" Type="varchar" MaxLength="1023" />
          </EntityType>
          <Association Name="FK_Link_Node_Follower">
            <End Role="Node" Type="GraphModel.Store.Node" Multiplicity="0..1" />
            <End Role="Link" Type="GraphModel.Store.Link" Multiplicity="*" />
            <ReferentialConstraint>
              <Principal Role="Node">
                <PropertyRef Name="NodeID" />
              </Principal>
              <Dependent Role="Link">
                <PropertyRef Name="FollowerID" />
              </Dependent>
            </ReferentialConstraint>
          </Association>
          <Association Name="FK_Link_Node_Leader">
            <End Role="Node" Type="GraphModel.Store.Node" Multiplicity="0..1" />
            <End Role="Link" Type="GraphModel.Store.Link" Multiplicity="*" />
            <ReferentialConstraint>
              <Principal Role="Node">
                <PropertyRef Name="NodeID" />
              </Principal>
              <Dependent Role="Link">
                <PropertyRef Name="LeaderID" />
              </Dependent>
            </ReferentialConstraint>
          </Association>
          <Association Name="FK_Link_Node_Location">
            <End Role="Node" Type="GraphModel.Store.Node" Multiplicity="0..1" />
            <End Role="Link" Type="GraphModel.Store.Link" Multiplicity="*" />
            <ReferentialConstraint>
              <Principal Role="Node">
                <PropertyRef Name="NodeID" />
              </Principal>
              <Dependent Role="Link">
                <PropertyRef Name="LocationID" />
              </Dependent>
            </ReferentialConstraint>
          </Association>
          <Association Name="FK_Link_Node_Person">
            <End Role="Node" Type="GraphModel.Store.Node" Multiplicity="0..1" />
            <End Role="Link" Type="GraphModel.Store.Link" Multiplicity="*" />
            <ReferentialConstraint>
              <Principal Role="Node">
                <PropertyRef Name="NodeID" />
              </Principal>
              <Dependent Role="Link">
                <PropertyRef Name="PersonID" />
              </Dependent>
            </ReferentialConstraint>
          </Association>
        </Schema>
      </edmx:StorageModels>
      <!-- CSDL content -->
      <edmx:ConceptualModels>
        <Schema xmlns="http://schemas.microsoft.com/ado/2006/04/edm" Namespace="GraphModel" Alias="Self">
          <EntityContainer Name="GraphModelContainer" >
            <EntitySet Name="NodeSet" EntityType="GraphModel.Node" />
            <EntitySet Name="LinkSet" EntityType="GraphModel.Link" />
            <AssociationSet Name="PersonPersonToPerson_Leader" Association="GraphModel.PersonPersonToPerson_Leader">
              <End Role="Person" EntitySet="NodeSet" />
              <End Role="PersonToPerson" EntitySet="LinkSet" />
            </AssociationSet>
            <AssociationSet Name="PersonPersonToPerson_Follower" Association="GraphModel.PersonPersonToPerson_Follower">
              <End Role="Person" EntitySet="NodeSet" />
              <End Role="PersonToPerson" EntitySet="LinkSet" />
            </AssociationSet>
            <AssociationSet Name="Person_PersonToLocation" Association="GraphModel.Person_PersonToLocation">
              <End Role="Person" EntitySet="NodeSet" />
              <End Role="PersonToLocation" EntitySet="LinkSet" />
            </AssociationSet>
            <AssociationSet Name="Location_PersonToLocation" Association="GraphModel.Location_PersonToLocation">
              <End Role="Location" EntitySet="NodeSet" />
              <End Role="PersonToLocation" EntitySet="LinkSet" />
            </AssociationSet>
          </EntityContainer>
          <EntityType Name="Node" Abstract="true">
            <Key>
              <PropertyRef Name="NodeId" />
            </Key>
            <Property Name="NodeId" Type="Int32" Nullable="false" />
            <Property Name="Name" Type="String" Nullable="false" />
            <Property Name="Description" Type="String" Nullable="true" />
          </EntityType>
          <EntityType Name="Person" BaseType="GraphModel.Node" >
            <NavigationProperty Name="Leaders" Relationship="GraphModel.PersonPersonToPerson_Leader" FromRole="Person" ToRole="PersonToPerson" />
            <NavigationProperty Name="Followers" Relationship="GraphModel.PersonPersonToPerson_Follower" FromRole="Person" ToRole="PersonToPerson" />
            <NavigationProperty Name="Locations" Relationship="GraphModel.Person_PersonToLocation" FromRole="Person" ToRole="PersonToLocation" />
          </EntityType>
          <EntityType Name="Location" BaseType="GraphModel.Node" >
            <NavigationProperty Name="Visitors" Relationship="GraphModel.Location_PersonToLocation" FromRole="Location" ToRole="PersonToLocation" />
          </EntityType>
          <EntityType Name="Link" Abstract="true">
            <Key>
              <PropertyRef Name="LinkId" />
            </Key>
            <Property Name="LinkId" Type="Int32" Nullable="false" />
            <Property Name="Name" Type="String" Nullable="true" />
            <Property Name="Description" Type="String" Nullable="true" />
          </EntityType>
          <EntityType Name="PersonToPerson" BaseType="GraphModel.Link" >
            <NavigationProperty Name="Leader" Relationship="GraphModel.PersonPersonToPerson_Leader" FromRole="PersonToPerson" ToRole="Person" />
            <NavigationProperty Name="Follower" Relationship="GraphModel.PersonPersonToPerson_Follower" FromRole="PersonToPerson" ToRole="Person" />
          </EntityType>
          <EntityType Name="PersonToLocation" BaseType="GraphModel.Link" >
            <NavigationProperty Name="Person" Relationship="GraphModel.Person_PersonToLocation" FromRole="PersonToLocation" ToRole="Person" />
            <NavigationProperty Name="Location" Relationship="GraphModel.Location_PersonToLocation" FromRole="PersonToLocation" ToRole="Location" />
          </EntityType>
          <Association Name="PersonPersonToPerson_Leader">
            <End Type="GraphModel.Person" Role="Person" Multiplicity="1" />
            <End Type="GraphModel.PersonToPerson" Role="PersonToPerson" Multiplicity="*" />
          </Association>
          <Association Name="PersonPersonToPerson_Follower">
            <End Type="GraphModel.Person" Role="Person" Multiplicity="1" />
            <End Type="GraphModel.PersonToPerson" Role="PersonToPerson" Multiplicity="*" />
          </Association>
          <Association Name="Person_PersonToLocation">
            <End Type="GraphModel.Person" Role="Person" Multiplicity="1" />
            <End Type="GraphModel.PersonToLocation" Role="PersonToLocation" Multiplicity="*" />
          </Association>
          <Association Name="Location_PersonToLocation">
            <End Type="GraphModel.Location" Role="Location" Multiplicity="1" />
            <End Type="GraphModel.PersonToLocation" Role="PersonToLocation" Multiplicity="*" />
          </Association>
        </Schema>
      </edmx:ConceptualModels>
      <!-- C-S mapping content -->
      <edmx:Mappings>
        <Mapping xmlns="urn:schemas-microsoft-com:windows:storage:mapping:CS" Space="C-S">
          <Alias Key="Model" Value="GraphModel" />
          <Alias Key="Target" Value="GraphModel.Store" />
          <EntityContainerMapping CdmEntityContainer="GraphModelContainer" StorageEntityContainer="GraphModelStoreContainer">
            <EntitySetMapping Name="LinkSet">
              <EntityTypeMapping TypeName="IsTypeOf(GraphModel.Link)">
                <MappingFragment StoreEntitySet="Link">
                  <ScalarProperty Name="Description" ColumnName="Description" />
                  <ScalarProperty Name="Name" ColumnName="Name" />
                  <ScalarProperty Name="LinkId" ColumnName="LinkID" />
                </MappingFragment>
              </EntityTypeMapping>
              <EntityTypeMapping TypeName="IsTypeOf(GraphModel.PersonToPerson)">
                <MappingFragment StoreEntitySet="Link" >
                  <ScalarProperty Name="LinkId" ColumnName="LinkID" />
                  <Condition ColumnName="LinkTypeDiscriminator" Value="1" />
                </MappingFragment>
              </EntityTypeMapping>
              <EntityTypeMapping TypeName="IsTypeOf(GraphModel.PersonToLocation)">
                <MappingFragment StoreEntitySet="Link" >
                  <ScalarProperty Name="LinkId" ColumnName="LinkID" />
                  <Condition ColumnName="LinkTypeDiscriminator" Value="2" />
                </MappingFragment>
              </EntityTypeMapping>
            </EntitySetMapping>
            <EntitySetMapping Name="NodeSet">
              <EntityTypeMapping TypeName="IsTypeOf(GraphModel.Node)">
                <MappingFragment StoreEntitySet="Node">
                  <ScalarProperty Name="Description" ColumnName="Description" />
                  <ScalarProperty Name="Name" ColumnName="Name" />
                  <ScalarProperty Name="NodeId" ColumnName="NodeID" />
                </MappingFragment>
              </EntityTypeMapping>
              <EntityTypeMapping TypeName="IsTypeOf(GraphModel.Person)">
                <MappingFragment StoreEntitySet="Node" >
                  <ScalarProperty Name="NodeId" ColumnName="NodeID" />
                  <Condition ColumnName="NodeTypeDiscriminator" Value="1" />
                </MappingFragment>
              </EntityTypeMapping>
              <EntityTypeMapping TypeName="IsTypeOf(GraphModel.Location)">
                <MappingFragment StoreEntitySet="Node" >
                  <ScalarProperty Name="NodeId" ColumnName="NodeID" />
                  <Condition ColumnName="NodeTypeDiscriminator" Value="2" />
                </MappingFragment>
              </EntityTypeMapping>
            </EntitySetMapping>
            <AssociationSetMapping Name="PersonPersonToPerson_Follower" TypeName="GraphModel.PersonPersonToPerson_Follower" StoreEntitySet="Link">
              <EndProperty Name="Person">
                <ScalarProperty Name="NodeId" ColumnName="FollowerID" />
              </EndProperty>
              <EndProperty Name="PersonToPerson">
                <ScalarProperty Name="LinkId" ColumnName="LinkID" />
              </EndProperty>
            </AssociationSetMapping>
            <AssociationSetMapping Name="PersonPersonToPerson_Leader" TypeName="GraphModel.PersonPersonToPerson_Leader" StoreEntitySet="Link">
              <EndProperty Name="Person">
                <ScalarProperty Name="NodeId" ColumnName="LeaderID" />
              </EndProperty>
              <EndProperty Name="PersonToPerson">
                <ScalarProperty Name="LinkId" ColumnName="LinkID" />
              </EndProperty>
            </AssociationSetMapping>
            <AssociationSetMapping Name="Person_PersonToLocation" TypeName="GraphModel.Person_PersonToLocation" StoreEntitySet="Link">
              <EndProperty Name="Person">
                <ScalarProperty Name="NodeId" ColumnName="PersonID" />
              </EndProperty>
              <EndProperty Name="PersonToLocation">
                <ScalarProperty Name="LinkId" ColumnName="LinkID" />
              </EndProperty>
            </AssociationSetMapping>
            <AssociationSetMapping Name="Location_PersonToLocation" TypeName="GraphModel.Location_PersonToLocation" StoreEntitySet="Link">
              <EndProperty Name="Location">
                <ScalarProperty Name="NodeId" ColumnName="LocationID" />
              </EndProperty>
              <EndProperty Name="PersonToLocation">
                <ScalarProperty Name="LinkId" ColumnName="LinkID" />
              </EndProperty>
            </AssociationSetMapping>
          </EntityContainerMapping>
        </Mapping>
      </edmx:Mappings>
    </edmx:Runtime>
    <!-- EF Designer content (DO NOT EDIT MANUALLY BELOW HERE) -->
    <edmx:Designer xmlns="http://schemas.microsoft.com/ado/2007/06/edmx">
      <edmx:Connection>
        <DesignerInfoPropertySet>
          <DesignerProperty Name="MetadataArtifactProcessing" Value="EmbedInOutputAssembly" />
        </DesignerInfoPropertySet>
      </edmx:Connection>
      <edmx:Options>
        <DesignerInfoPropertySet>
          <DesignerProperty Name="ValidateOnBuild" Value="true" />
        </DesignerInfoPropertySet>
      </edmx:Options>
      <!-- Diagram content (shape and connector positions) -->
      <edmx:Diagrams>
        <Diagram Name="GraphModel" ZoomLevel="114" >
          <EntityTypeShape EntityType="GraphModel.Node" Width="1.5" PointX="5.875" PointY="1.375" Height="1.427958984375" />
          <EntityTypeShape EntityType="GraphModel.Person" Width="1.5" PointX="5.875" PointY="3.25" Height="1.4279589843749996" />
          <EntityTypeShape EntityType="GraphModel.Location" Width="1.5" PointX="7.75" PointY="4.625" Height="1.0992643229166665" />
          <InheritanceConnector EntityType="GraphModel.Location">
            <ConnectorPoint PointX="7.375" PointY="2.4176741536458342" />
            <ConnectorPoint PointX="8.5" PointY="2.4176741536458342" />
            <ConnectorPoint PointX="8.5" PointY="4.625" />
          </InheritanceConnector>
          <EntityTypeShape EntityType="GraphModel.Link" Width="1.5" PointX="2.875" PointY="1.375" Height="1.427958984375" />
          <EntityTypeShape EntityType="GraphModel.PersonToPerson" Width="1.75" PointX="2.75" PointY="3.25" Height="1.2636116536458326" />
          <InheritanceConnector EntityType="GraphModel.PersonToPerson" ManuallyRouted="false">
            <ConnectorPoint PointX="3.625" PointY="2.802958984375" />
            <ConnectorPoint PointX="3.625" PointY="3.25" />
          </InheritanceConnector>
          <InheritanceConnector EntityType="GraphModel.Person">
            <ConnectorPoint PointX="6.625" PointY="3.4603483072916683" />
            <ConnectorPoint PointX="6.625" PointY="3.25" />
          </InheritanceConnector>
          <EntityTypeShape EntityType="GraphModel.PersonToLocation" Width="1.875" PointX="0.75" PointY="4.625" Height="1.2636116536458326" />
          <InheritanceConnector EntityType="GraphModel.PersonToLocation">
            <ConnectorPoint PointX="2.875" PointY="2.4176741536458342" />
            <ConnectorPoint PointX="1.65625" PointY="2.4176741536458342" />
            <ConnectorPoint PointX="1.65625" PointY="4.625" />
          </InheritanceConnector>
          <AssociationConnector Association="GraphModel.PersonPersonToPerson_Leader">
            <ConnectorPoint PointX="5.875" PointY="3.8818058268229163" />
            <ConnectorPoint PointX="4.5" PointY="3.8818058268229163" />
          </AssociationConnector>
          <AssociationConnector Association="GraphModel.PersonPersonToPerson_Follower">
            <ConnectorPoint PointX="5.875" PointY="3.5034029134114579" />
            <ConnectorPoint PointX="4.5" PointY="3.5034029134114579" />
          </AssociationConnector>
          <AssociationConnector Association="GraphModel.Person_PersonToLocation">
            <ConnectorPoint PointX="6.625" PointY="4.677958984375" />
            <ConnectorPoint PointX="6.625" PointY="5.0078214863281243" />
            <ConnectorPoint PointX="2.625" PointY="5.0078214863281243" />
          </AssociationConnector>
          <AssociationConnector Association="GraphModel.Location_PersonToLocation">
            <ConnectorPoint PointX="7.75" PointY="5.40018798828125" />
            <ConnectorPoint PointX="2.625" PointY="5.40018798828125" />
          </AssociationConnector>
        </Diagram>
      </edmx:Diagrams>
    </edmx:Designer>
  </edmx:Edmx>

Réponse populaire

AoA!

EntityModelCodeGenerator crée une relation 0..1 à plusieurs entre deux tables, faites-la 1 à plusieurs .

Dans ce genre de cas, cela pourrait être une solution possible.

Meilleures salutations! Salahuddin



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Sous licence: CC-BY-SA with attribution
Non affilié à Stack Overflow