Error EF Distinct (IEqualityComparer)

.net c# c#-3.0 entity-framework linq-to-entities

Question

Good Morning!

Given:

public class FooClass
{
    public void FooMethod()
    {
        using (var myEntity = new MyEntity)
        {
            var result = myEntity.MyDomainEntity.Where(myDomainEntity => myDomainEntity.MySpecialID > default(int)).Distinct(new FooComparer);
        }
    }

}

public class FooComparer : IEqualityComparer<MyEntity.MyDomainEntity>
{
    public bool Equals(MyEntity.MyDomainEntity x, MyEntity.MyDomainEntity y)
    {
        return x.MySpecialID == y.MySpecialID;
    }

    public int GetHashCode(MyEntity.MyDomainEntity obj)
    {
        return obj.MySpecialID.GetHashCode();
    }
}

This will compile, but on runtime I will get an Linq to Entity could not translate Comparer-Exception.
Any suggestions?

1
14
6/18/2009 5:41:40 AM

Accepted Answer

If you're providing your own comparisons, you'll need to execute the Distinct call in .NET code. To make sure that happens, use AsEnumerable to turn IQueryable<T> into IEnumerable<T>:

var result = myEntity.MyDomainEntity
        .Where(myDomainEntity => myDomainEntity.MySpecialID > default(int))
        .AsEnumerable()
        .Distinct(new FooComparer());

Of course at that point you'll be pulling more data across from the database. An alternative is to group the data instead:

var result = from entity in myEntity.MyDomainEntity
             where entity.MySpecialID > 0
             group entity by entity.MySpecialID into groups
             select groups.FirstOrDefault();

That will get you the first entity encountered with each ID (assuming my query-fu isn't failing me). That's basically what Distinct does anyway, but it's all at the database.

(Note to future readers: calling First() makes more sense than FirstOrDefault(), but apparently that doesn't work.)

32
6/22/2009 8:24:05 AM


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