Displaying Entities in TreeView using MVVM

c# entity-framework mvvm wpf

Question

I am making a WPF application following MVVM pattern. In this i am using entity framework,

my entity structure is simple, it has 3 entities: department, course, books,

a department can have many courses, and a course can have many books,

now i want to show this in a treeview, so my output in wpf should look like this,

Department1

  Course1

    Book1

    Book2

  Course2

    Book3

Department2

  Course

     Book

Department3   

in my ViewModel i have EntityContext object. But i dont know how to show this in a treeview. how i can do this.

1
12
1/16/2014 11:36:12 AM

Accepted Answer

I prepared the small sample to replicate this..

<Window x:Class="TestApp.MainWindow"
        xmlns="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml/presentation"
        xmlns:x="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml"
        xmlns:this="clr-namespace:TestApp"
        Title="MainWindow" Height="350" Width="525">

    <Window.DataContext>
        <this:TreeViewModel />
    </Window.DataContext>

    <Window.Resources>

        <HierarchicalDataTemplate ItemsSource="{Binding Courses}" DataType="{x:Type this:Department}">
            <Label Content="{Binding DepartmentName}"/>
        </HierarchicalDataTemplate>

        <HierarchicalDataTemplate ItemsSource="{Binding Books}" DataType="{x:Type this:Course}">
            <Label Content="{Binding CourseName}"/>
        </HierarchicalDataTemplate>

        <DataTemplate DataType="{x:Type this:Book}">
            <Label Content="{Binding BookName}"/>
        </DataTemplate>

    </Window.Resources>

    <Grid>
        <TreeView ItemsSource="{Binding Departments}">

        </TreeView>
    </Grid>
</Window>

Model and ViewModel classes.

public class Book :ViewModelBase
    {
        private string bookname = string.Empty;

        public string BookName
        {
            get
            {
                return bookname;
            }
            set
            {
                bookname = value;
                OnPropertyChanged("BookName");
            }
        }

        public Book(string bookname)
        {
            BookName = bookname;
        }
    }

Department class

public class Department : ViewModelBase
    {
        private List<Course> courses;

        public Department(string depname)
        {
            DepartmentName = depname;
            Courses = new List<Course>()
            {
                new Course("Course1"),
                new Course("Course2")
            };
        }

        public List<Course> Courses
        {
            get
            {
                return courses;
            }
            set
            {
                courses = value;
                OnPropertyChanged("Courses");
            }
        }

        public string DepartmentName
        {
            get;
            set;
        }
    }

Course class

public class Course :ViewModelBase
    {
        private List<Book> books;

        public Course(string coursename)
        {
            CourseName = coursename;
            Books = new List<Book>()
            {
                new Book("JJJJ"),
                new Book("KKKK"),
                new Book("OOOOO")
            };
        }

        public List<Book> Books
        {
            get
            {
                return books;
            }
            set
            {
                books = value;
                OnPropertyChanged("Books");
            }
        }

        public string CourseName
        {
            get;
            set;
        }
    }

TreeViewModel class.

public class TreeViewModel :ViewModelBase
    {
        private List<Department> departments;

        public TreeViewModel()
        {
            Departments = new List<Department>()
            {
                new Department("Department1"),
                new Department("Department2")
            };
        }

        public List<Department> Departments
        {
            get
            {
                return departments;
            }
            set
            {
                departments = value;
                OnPropertyChanged("Departments");
            }
        }
    }

ViewModelBase class.

public class ViewModelBase :INotifyPropertyChanged
    {
        public event PropertyChangedEventHandler PropertyChanged;

        public void OnPropertyChanged(string propname)
        {
            if (PropertyChanged != null)
            {
                PropertyChanged(this, new PropertyChangedEventArgs(propname));
            }
        }
    }

Finally it displays the data in the hierarchical format.. I hope this would satisfy you...

17
6/6/2012 7:35:49 AM

Popular Answer

You have to define hierarchy data template template for this Here is the sample how to use this.



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