How to use scalar-valued function with linq to entity?

c# entity-framework linq-to-entities sql

Question

Possible Duplicate:
Can SQL level functions be made available to LINQ to Entity queries?

I have a scalar function that gets the distance between two points and I want to use it to query closest record to point. The scalar function works with linq to sql but fails with EF

the scalar function

USE [GeoData]
GO

/****** Object:  UserDefinedFunction [dbo].[DistanceBetween]    Script Date: 09/18/2012 19:40:44 ******/
SET ANSI_NULLS ON
GO

SET QUOTED_IDENTIFIER ON
GO



CREATE FUNCTION [dbo].[DistanceBetween](@Lat1 as real,
@Long1 as real, @Lat2 as real, @Long2 as real)
RETURNS real
AS
BEGIN

DECLARE @dLat1InRad as float(53);
SET @dLat1InRad = @Lat1;
DECLARE @dLong1InRad as float(53);
SET @dLong1InRad = @Long1;
DECLARE @dLat2InRad as float(53);
SET @dLat2InRad = @Lat2;
DECLARE @dLong2InRad as float(53);
SET @dLong2InRad = @Long2 ;

DECLARE @dLongitude as float(53);
SET @dLongitude = @dLong2InRad - @dLong1InRad;
DECLARE @dLatitude as float(53);
SET @dLatitude = @dLat2InRad - @dLat1InRad;
/* Intermediate result a. */
DECLARE @a as float(53);
SET @a = SQUARE (SIN (@dLatitude / 2.0)) + COS (@dLat1InRad)
* COS (@dLat2InRad)
* SQUARE(SIN (@dLongitude / 2.0));
/* Intermediate result c (great circle distance in Radians). */
DECLARE @c as real;
SET @c = 2.0 * ATN2 (SQRT (@a), SQRT (1.0 - @a));
DECLARE @kEarthRadius as real;
/* SET kEarthRadius = 3956.0 miles */
SET @kEarthRadius = 6376.5;        /* kms */

DECLARE @dDistance as real;
SET @dDistance = @kEarthRadius * @c;
return (@dDistance);
END

GO

I added an ado.net entity model, updated the model from the database and chose distancebetween

 <Function Name="DistanceBetween" ReturnType="real" Aggregate="false" BuiltIn="false" NiladicFunction="false" IsComposable="true" ParameterTypeSemantics="AllowImplicitConversion" Schema="dbo">
      <Parameter Name="Lat1" Type="real" Mode="In" />
      <Parameter Name="Long1" Type="real" Mode="In" />
      <Parameter Name="Lat2" Type="real" Mode="In" />
      <Parameter Name="Long2" Type="real" Mode="In" />
    </Function>

I made a partial class and wrote this method

public partial class GeoDataEntities
{
    [EdmFunction("GeoDataModel.Store", "DistanceBetween")]
    public double DistanceBetween(double lat1, double lon1, double lat2, double lon2)
    {
        throw new NotImplementedException();
    }
}

I tried many times to query the function with this code but it gets an error

var NParcel = db.geoAddresses.Where(g=> db.DistanceBetween(21.5,39.5, g.lat,g.lon) < 20);

when i try to count or foreach the NParcel I get this error

The specified method 'Double DistanceBetween(Double, Double, Double, Double)' on the type 'EFSample.GeoDataEntities' cannot be translated into a LINQ to Entities store expression.

and stacktrace

at System.Data.Objects.ELinq.ExpressionConverter.ThrowUnresolvableFunction(Expression Expression) at System.Data.Objects.ELinq.ExpressionConverter.MethodCallTranslator.FunctionCallTranslator.TranslateFunctionCall(ExpressionConverter parent, MethodCallExpression call, EdmFunctionAttribute functionAttribute) at System.Data.Objects.ELinq.ExpressionConverter.MethodCallTranslator.TypedTranslate(ExpressionConverter parent, MethodCallExpression linq) at System.Data.Objects.ELinq.ExpressionConverter.BinaryTranslator.TypedTranslate(ExpressionConverter parent, BinaryExpression linq) at System.Data.Objects.ELinq.ExpressionConverter.TranslateExpression(Expression linq) at System.Data.Objects.ELinq.ExpressionConverter.TranslateLambda(LambdaExpression lambda, DbExpression input) at System.Data.Objects.ELinq.ExpressionConverter.MethodCallTranslator.OneLambdaTranslator.Translate(ExpressionConverter parent, MethodCallExpression call, DbExpression& source, DbExpressionBinding& sourceBinding, DbExpression& lambda) at System.Data.Objects.ELinq.ExpressionConverter.MethodCallTranslator.OneLambdaTranslator.Translate(ExpressionConverter parent, MethodCallExpression call) at System.Data.Objects.ELinq.ExpressionConverter.MethodCallTranslator.TypedTranslate(ExpressionConverter parent, MethodCallExpression linq) at System.Data.Objects.ELinq.ExpressionConverter.TranslateExpression(Expression linq) at System.Data.Objects.ELinq.ExpressionConverter.MethodCallTranslator.AggregateTranslator.Translate(ExpressionConverter parent, MethodCallExpression call) at System.Data.Objects.ELinq.ExpressionConverter.MethodCallTranslator.TypedTranslate(ExpressionConverter parent, MethodCallExpression linq) at System.Data.Objects.ELinq.ExpressionConverter.Convert() at System.Data.Objects.ELinq.ELinqQueryState.GetExecutionPlan(Nullable1 forMergeOption) at System.Data.Objects.ObjectQuery1.GetResults(Nullable1 forMergeOption) at System.Data.Objects.ObjectQuery1.System.Collections.Generic.IEnumerable.GetEnumerator() at System.Linq.Enumerable.Single[TSource](IEnumerable1 source) at System.Linq.Queryable.Count[TSource](IQueryable1 source)

1
9
5/23/2017 12:01:36 PM

Accepted Answer

Here is how you do it:

Step 1: In edmx

      <Function Name="DistanceBetween" Aggregate="false" BuiltIn="false" NiladicFunction="false" IsComposable="false" ParameterTypeSemantics="AllowImplicitConversion" Schema="dbo">
      <CommandText>
        select dbo.DistanceBetween(@lat1,@long1,@lat2,@long2)
      </CommandText>
      <Parameter Name="Lat1" Type="real" Mode="In" />
      <Parameter Name="Long1" Type="real" Mode="In" />
      <Parameter Name="Lat2" Type="real" Mode="In" />
      <Parameter Name="Long2" Type="real" Mode="In" />
    </Function>

step 2: Import the function

  1. double click the edmx
  2. In the Model Browser view, expand GeoDataModel.Store (could be named different)
  3. expand stored procedures /function
  4. double click DistanceBetween
  5. Scalars = Single
  6. Click OK

Step 3: In C#:

    GeoDataEntities db = new GeoDataEntities();
    var first = db.DistanceBetween(234, 2342, 424, 243).First().Value;

note that IsComposable="false" and no ReturnType and dont forget to add the :

      <CommandText>
        select dbo.DistanceBetween(@lat1,@long1,@lat2,@long2)
      </CommandText>

Hope that help....

25
11/21/2014 3:41:31 PM


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