Specify ON DELETE NO ACTION in ASP.NET MVC 4 C# Code First

asp.net-mvc c# code-first entity-framework foreign-keys

Question

How do I specify ON DELETE NO ACTION Foreign Key Constraint in my model designs?

At present, I have:

public class Status
{
    [Required]
    public int StatusId { get; set; }

    [Required]
    [DisplayName("Status")]
    public string Name { get; set; }
}

public class Restuarant
{
    public int RestaurantId { get; set; }
    [Required]
    public string Name { get; set; }
    [Required]
    [EmailAddress]
    public string Email { get; set; }
    [Required]
    public string Telephone { get; set; }
    [Required]
    public int StatusId { get; set; }
    public List<Menu> Menus { get; set; }

    // NAVIGATION PROPERTIES
    public virtual Status Status { get; set; }
}

public class Menu
{
    public int MenuId { get; set; }

    [Required]
    public int RestaurantId { get; set; }

    [Required]
    public string Name { get; set; }

    [Required]
    public int StatusId { get; set; }

    // NAVIGATION PROPERTIES
    public virtual Status Status { get; set; }
    public virtual Restaurant Restaurant { get; set; }
}

And my DbContext:

public class MenuEntities : DbContext
{
    public DbSet<Status> Statuses { get; set; }
    public DbSet<Restaurant> Restaurants { get; set; }
    public DbSet<Menu> Menus { get; set; }
}

As you can see:

  • a Restaurant has many menus
  • a Restaurant has one status
  • a Menu belongs to 1 restaurant
  • Both Restaurants and Menus have 1 status. (Live, Invisible, Draft)

Naturally, if a status is deleted, I certainly don't want to cascade as this will muck everything up.

UPDATE:

Mark Oreta mentions using the following in his example below:

modelBuilder.Entity<FirstEntity>() 
    .HasMany(f => f.SecondEntities) 
    .WithOptional() 
    .WillCascadeOnDelete(false); 

Where do I put this code? Within my MenuEntities / DbContext class? Can anybody provide an example of this being used?

UPDATE: Got this bit working now, however this has created a multiplicity constraint error when trying to seed the DB...

Multiplicity constraint violated. The role 'Menu_Status_Source' of the relationship 'LaCascadaWebApi.Models.Menu_Status' has multiplicity 1 or 0..1.

My Database Initialiser:

http://pastebin.com/T2XWsAqk

1
28
10/13/2012 1:56:11 PM

Accepted Answer

You can either disable it for your entire context by removing the cascade delete convention in the OnModelCreating method:

  protected override void OnModelCreating( DbModelBuilder modelBuilder )
  {
     modelBuilder.Conventions.Remove<OneToManyCascadeDeleteConvention>();
  }

or, you can do it per relationship using a fluent mapping (also in the OnModelCreating):

EDIT: you would put it in your menu entities

public class MenuEntities : DbContext
{
    public DbSet<Status> Statuses { get; set; }
    public DbSet<Restaurant> Restaurants { get; set; }
    public DbSet<Menu> Menus { get; set; }

      protected override void OnModelCreating( DbModelBuilder modelBuilder )
      {

         modelBuilder.Conventions.Remove<OneToManyCascadeDeleteConvention>();

     modelBuilder.Entity<Menu>()
        .HasRequired( f => f.Status )
        .WithRequiredDependent()
        .WillCascadeOnDelete( false );

     modelBuilder.Entity<Restaurant>()
        .HasRequired( f => f.Status )
        .WithRequiredDependent()
        .WillCascadeOnDelete( false );

      }

}
57
10/13/2012 2:06:28 PM

Popular Answer

Just make the FK property nullable, then the cascade delete will be gone.

public int? StatusId { get; set; }


Related Questions





Related

Licensed under: CC-BY-SA with attribution
Not affiliated with Stack Overflow
Licensed under: CC-BY-SA with attribution
Not affiliated with Stack Overflow