Implementing retry logic for deadlock exceptions

c# database-deadlocks entity-framework repository-pattern try-catch

Question

I've implemented a generic repository and was wondering if there is a smart way to implement a retry logic in case of a deadlock exception?

The approach should be the same for all repository methods. So is there anyway I can avoid writing 'try/catch - call method again with retry-count', in every single method?

Any suggetsion are welcome.

A bit of my Repository code:

public class GenericRepository : IRepository
{
    private ObjectContext _context;

    public List<TEntity> ExecuteStoreQuery<TEntity>(string commandText, params object[] parameters) where TEntity : class
    {
        List<TEntity> myList = new List<TEntity>();

        var groupData = _context.ExecuteStoreQuery<TEntity>(commandText, parameters);

        return myList;
    }


    public IQueryable<TEntity> GetQuery<TEntity>() where TEntity : class
    {          
        var entityName = GetEntityName<TEntity>();
        return _context.CreateQuery<TEntity>(entityName);
    }

    public IEnumerable<TEntity> GetAll<TEntity>() where TEntity : class
    {
        return GetQuery<TEntity>().AsEnumerable();
    }

EDIT:

1.Solution:

Modified slightly from chris.house.00's solution

 public static T DeadlockRetryHelper<T>(Func<T> repositoryMethod, int maxRetries)
    {
        var retryCount = 0;

        while (retryCount < maxRetries)
        {
            try
            {
                return repositoryMethod();
            }
            catch (System.Data.SqlClient.SqlException ex)
            {
                if (ex.Number == 1205)// Deadlock                         
                    retryCount++;
                else
                    throw;                   
            }
        }
        return default(T);
    }

And you call it like this:

    public TEntity FirstOrDefault<TEntity>(Expression<Func<TEntity, bool>> predicate) where TEntity : class
    {
        return RetryUtility.DeadlockRetryHelper<TEntity>( () =>p_FirstOrDefault<TEntity>(predicate), 3);
    }

    protected TEntity p_FirstOrDefault<TEntity>(Expression<Func<TEntity, bool>> predicate) where TEntity : class
    {
        return GetQuery<TEntity>().FirstOrDefault<TEntity>(predicate);
    }
1
36
5/5/2015 2:44:27 PM

Accepted Answer

How about something like this:

public T DeadlockRetryHelper<T>(Func<T> repositoryMethod, int maxRetries)
{
  int retryCount = 0;

  while (retryCount < maxRetries)
  {
    try
    {
      return repositoryMethod();
    }
    catch (SqlException e) // This example is for SQL Server, change the exception type/logic if you're using another DBMS
    {
      if (e.Number == 1205)  // SQL Server error code for deadlock
      {
        retryCount++;
      }
      else
      {
        throw;  // Not a deadlock so throw the exception
      }
      // Add some code to do whatever you want with the exception once you've exceeded the max. retries
    }
  }
}

With the above code, your retry logic is all in this method and you can just pass your repository method in as a delegate.

35
10/31/2012 2:39:09 PM

Popular Answer

I know this is an old post but wanted to share an updated answer.

EF 6 now has a built-in solution, you can set the execution strategy which would be a one time implementation. You create a class that inherits from DbExectutionStrategy and overrides the ShouldRetryOn virtual method. You can create a static class of the exceptions containing constant field valuess that are retry eligible codes and loop through each one to determine if the current sql exception being thrown matches the list of eligible retry codes...

 public static class SqlRetryErrorCodes
{
    public const int TimeoutExpired = -2;
    public const int Deadlock = 1205;
    public const int CouldNotOpenConnection = 53;
    public const int TransportFail = 121;
}

public class MyCustomExecutionStrategy : DbExecutionStrategy
{
    public MyCustomExecutionStrategy(int maxRetryCount, TimeSpan maxDelay) : base(maxRetryCount, maxDelay) { }

     private readonly List<int> _errorCodesToRetry = new List<int>
    {
        SqlRetryErrorCodes.Deadlock,
        SqlRetryErrorCodes.TimeoutExpired,
        SqlRetryErrorCodes.CouldNotOpenConnection,
        SqlRetryErrorCodes.TransportFail
    };
    protected override bool ShouldRetryOn(Exception exception)
    {
        var sqlException = exception as SqlException;
        if (sqlException != null)
        {
            foreach (SqlError err in sqlException.Errors)
            {
                // Enumerate through all errors found in the exception.
                if (_errorCodesToRetry.Contains(err.Number))
                {
                    return true;
                }
            }
        }
        return false;
    }
}

Finally once, you've set up your custom execution strategy, you simply create another class that inherits from DbConfiguration with a public constructor that Sets the execution strategy:

 public class MyEfConfigurations : DbConfiguration
    {
        public MyEfConfigurations()
        {
            SetExecutionStrategy("System.Data.SqlClient",() => new MyCustomExecutionStrategy(5,TimeSpan.FromSeconds(10)));
        }
    }


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