Error Converting Enum to String in LINQ Query

c# entity-framework linq sql-server

Question

I have the following query, which is using Entity Framework.

Analytic firstSent = (from a in Repository.Query<Analytic>()
                      where a.EntityType == "Proposal" &&
                      a.EntityId == Program.ActiveProposal.Id &&
                      a.Marker == AnalyticMarker.EmailProposalUrl.ToString()
                      orderby a.TimestampUtc
                      select a).FirstOrDefault();

At run time, I get the following error:

LINQ to Entities does not recognize the method 'System.String ToString()' method, and this method cannot be translated into a store expression.

a.Marker is a string column, and AnalyticMarker.EmailProposalUrl is an enum value, and I want to compare that column against the name of that enum.

I understand that the conversion from an enum to a string is not supported by SQL, but why won't it resolve the value of this string and then pass the resulting string to SQL? That should work just fine.

1
3
1/28/2013 8:24:10 PM

Accepted Answer

Try this:

var emailProposalUrl = AnalyticMarker.EmailProposalUrl.ToString();
Analytic firstSent = (from a in Repository.Query<Analytic>()
                      where a.EntityType == "Proposal" &&
                      a.EntityId == Program.ActiveProposal.Id &&
                      a.Marker == emailProposalUrl
                      orderby a.TimestampUtc
                      select a).FirstOrDefault();

This other answer is explaining the reason why this could work as well..

The problem arises because ToString() isn't really executed, it is turned into a MethodGroup and then parsed and translated to SQL. Since there is no ToString() equivalent, the expression fails.

5
5/23/2017 12:03:50 PM

Popular Answer

Well, in the places where C# will normally resolve tostring for you, it normally takes an object. Here, for example though, you're asking it to compare a string to an enum. Although C# COULD call tostring(), its not correct for it to do so.

Think about if it was int you were trying to compare against, rather than an enum. You can't compare the number 1 and a string. (Well, you can, but it involves assumptions, which is the point; the language is just trying to prod you into making the logic that little more explicit)



Related Questions





Related

Licensed under: CC-BY-SA with attribution
Not affiliated with Stack Overflow
Licensed under: CC-BY-SA with attribution
Not affiliated with Stack Overflow