Entity Framework and multiple schemas

c# ef-code-first entity-framework oracle


I'm trying to set up my dbContext so that it can handle multiple schemas in a single Oracle database. I didn't want one monolithic dbContext file so I've come up with the following:

public class oraDbContext : DbContext
    static oraDbContext() {

    public oraDbContext(string connName)
        : base("Name=" + connName) { }

    public _schema1 schema1 = _schema1.Instance;
    public _schema2 schema2 = _schema2.Instance;

    protected override void OnModelCreating(DbModelBuilder modelBuilder) {

The schema file looks like this:

public sealed class _schema1
    private static readonly _schema1 instance = new _schema1();

    static _schema1() { }
    private _schema1() { }

    public static _schema1 Instance {
        get {
            return instance;

    public DbSet<someTable> someTable { get; set; }

    internal void OnModelCreating(DbModelBuilder modelBuilder) {
        modelBuilder.Configurations.Add(new someTableMap());

However, when I try to perform a query I get the error: Value cannot be null. The value it's referring to is the someTable property in _schema1.

A. How can I fix this?

B. Is there a better solution?

Edit: What I want here is the ability to write code such as the following -

var query1 = from p in db.schema1.someTable
             select p;
var query2 = from p in db.schema2.someTable
             select p;

Where someTable is the same in both schemas. In our database we have several schemas with the exact same tables that have identical or nearly identical columns. I don't want to create a seperate dbContext for each schema because that could potentially mean 5 different connections if I'm creating a query that pulls from 5 schemas. If I was writing this same query in straight SQL I could pull the data from 5 different schemas with a single connection and that's what I would like to accomplish here.

2/18/2013 9:07:30 PM

Accepted Answer

While doing some research about Entity Framework I came across the following post:


It doesn't quite give me a single dbContext to work with but it does only use a single connection (which was my reasoning behind not wanting to use multiple dbContexts). After setting up the following code:

public class oraDbContext : DbContext
    static oraDbContext() {

    private oraDbContext(DbConnection connection, DbCompiledModel model)
        : base(connection, model, contextOwnsConnection: false) { }

    public DbSet<SomeTable1> SomeTable1 { get; set; }
    public DbSet<SomeTable2> SomeTable2 { get; set; }

    private static ConcurrentDictionary<Tuple<string, string>, DbCompiledModel> modelCache = new ConcurrentDictionary<Tuple<string, string>, DbCompiledModel>();

    public static oraDbContext Create(string schemaName, DbConnection connection) {
        var compiledModel = modelCache.GetOrAdd(
            Tuple.Create(connection.ConnectionString, schemaName),
            t =>
                var builder = new DbModelBuilder();
                builder.Configurations.Add<SomeTable1>(new SomeTable1Map(schemaName));
                builder.Configurations.Add<SomeTable2>(new SomeTable2Map(schemaName));

                var model = builder.Build(connection);
                return model.Compile();

        return new oraDbContext(connection, compiledModel);

This of course requires that my mapping files be set up like so:

public class DailyDependencyTableMap : EntityTypeConfiguration<DailyDependencyTable>
    public SomeTableMap(string schemaName) {
        this.ToTable("SOME_TABLE_1", schemaName.ToUpper());

        //Map other properties and stuff

Writing queries that use multiple schemas is somewhat annoying but, for the moment, it does what I need it to do:

using (var connection = new OracleConnection("a connection string")) {
    using (var schema1 = oraDbContext.Create("SCHEMA1", connection))
    using (var schema2 = oraDbContext.Create("SCHEMA2", connection)) {

        var query = ((from a in schema1.SomeTable1 select new { a.Field1 }).ToList())
             .Concat((from b in schema2.SomeTable1 select new { b.Field1 }).ToList())


3/28/2016 11:02:57 PM

Popular Answer

You can specify schema per table via Table attribute.

[Table(nameof(MyTable1), Schema = "Schema1")]
public class MyTable1 { }

[Table(nameof(MyTable2), Schema = "Schema2")]
public class MyTable2 { }

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