CREATE DATABASE statement not allowed within multi-statement transaction

c# entity-framework

Question

I'm trying to build a quick test that deletes and recreates a database every time it runs. I have the following:

[TestClass]
public class PocoTest
{
    private TransactionScope _transactionScope;
    private ProjectDataSource _dataSource; 
    private Repository _repository = new Repository();
    private const string _cstring = "Data Source=.;Initial Catalog=test_db;Trusted_Connection=True";

    [TestInitialize]
    public virtual void TestInitialize()
    {
        _dataSource = new ProjectDataSource(_cstring);
        _dataSource.Database.Delete();
        _dataSource.Database.CreateIfNotExists();
        _transactionScope = new TransactionScope();
    }
    [TestMethod]
    public void TestBasicOperations()
    {                
        var item = _repository.AddItem(new Item(){Details = "Test Item"});
        //  AddItem makes a call through the data context to add a set and then calls datacontext.SaveChanges()
    }


    [TestCleanup]
    public void TestCleanup()
    {
        // rollback
        if (_transactionScope != null)
        {
            _transactionScope.Dispose();
        }
    }

However when I run the test I get the following error:

Result Message: Test method Project.Repository.UnitTests.PocoTest.TestBasicOperations threw exception: System.Data.SqlClient.SqlException: CREATE DATABASE statement not allowed within multi-statement transaction.

ProjectDataSource is here:

public class ProjectDataSource : DbContext, IProjectDataSource
{

    public ProjectDataSource() : base("DefaultConnection")
    {

    }

    public ProjectDataSource(string connectionString) : base(connectionString)
    {

    }

    public DbSet<Set> Sets { get; set; }
}

Repository:

public class Repository : IRepository
{
    private readonly ProjectDataSource _db = new ProjectDataSource();
    public Item AddItem(Item item)
        {
            _db.Items.Add(item);
            _db.SaveChanges();
            return item;
        }
}

Why is this happening?

Also - if it makes any difference - the error doesn't occur if I comment out the AddItem line in TestMethod.

1
12
3/2/2013 1:17:41 AM

Accepted Answer

In case anyone else runs into this issue:

In my Repository class, I have another definition of what's commonly labeled a "dbContext" - ProjectDataSource. This means that one context was created in my test class, while another was created in my Repository object. Sending the connectionstring to my repo class solved the problem:

In Repository:

public class Repository : IRepository
    {
        private readonly ProjectDataSource _db;

        public Repository(string connectionString)
        {
            _db = new ProjectDataSource(connectionString);   
        }

        public Repository()
        {
            _db = new ProjectDataSource();   
        }

From my test:

private TransactionScope _transactionScope;
        private Repository _repository;
        private ProjectDataSource _dataSource; 
        private const string _connectionString = "Data Source=.;Initial Catalog=test_db;Trusted_Connection=True";

        [TestInitialize]
        public virtual void TestInitialize()
        {
            _repository = new Repository(_connectionString);
            _dataSource = new ProjectDataSource(_connectionString);
            _dataSource.Database.Delete();
            _dataSource.Database.CreateIfNotExists();
            _transactionScope = new TransactionScope();
        }
3
3/2/2013 1:36:49 AM

Popular Answer

You can also use db.Database.ExecuteSqlCommand(TransactionalBehavior.DoNotEnsureTransaction, sqlCommand);

See https://stackoverflow.com/a/24344654/375114 for details



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