How does Linq To Entities handle paging IQueryable? (an issue with OrderBy)

entity-framework generics iqueryable

Question

I am currently building a simple ASP.NET MVC site using Linq to Entities. My first foray into this world was nerd dinner, which is where I found the paginated list code that I am attempting to use. The code looks as follows:

public class PaginatedList<T> : List<T>
{

    public int PageIndex { get; private set; }
    public int PageSize { get; private set; }
    public int TotalCount { get; private set; }
    public int TotalPages { get; private set; }

    public PaginatedList(IQueryable<T> source, int pageIndex, int pageSize)
    {
        PageIndex = pageIndex;
        PageSize = pageSize;
        TotalCount = source.Count();
        TotalPages = (int)Math.Ceiling(TotalCount / (double)PageSize);

        this.AddRange(source.Skip(PageIndex * PageSize).Take(PageSize));
    }

    public bool HasPreviousPage
    {
        get
        {
            return (PageIndex > 0);
        }
    }

    public bool HasNextPage
    {
        get
        {
            return (PageIndex + 1 < TotalPages);
        }
    }
}

The problem is I am using the entity framework, and the above code throws the following error:

The method 'Skip' is only supported for sorted input in LINQ to Entities. The method 'OrderBy' must be called before the method 'Skip'.

Not knowing the ins and outs of Linq, I'm not sure how to add in an orderby clause when I don't know what the column names will be in the above method, what with it being generic.

Thanks!

1
3
10/5/2009 3:56:00 PM

Accepted Answer

I think your best bet is going to be ensuring that your queries have an order before passing them to the PaginatedList.

4
10/5/2009 3:56:00 PM

Popular Answer

First, I would strongly suggest using the free PagedList code rather than writing your own, as it takes into account many things which you would eventually have to discover on your own, and has close to no downside.

To answer your question, you should sort your list before passing it to the paging function. If you need to do this dynamically, you can use the Microsoft DynamicQuery library. But generally, the calling code will know how to sort the list.



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