how to create a view with multiple models mvc 4?

asp.net-mvc asp.net-mvc-4 entity-framework razor

Question

so i works in asp.net mvc 4 project and i have a problem in my view, what i want is create a view with 2 differnt type of model,first view (Index) take IEnumerable (Models.myModel) the second (subscriber Details) take Models.myModel, this is my Model code :

public class SubscribersModel
{

    [Required]
    [DataType(DataType.Text)]
    public string name { get; set; }

    [Required]
    [DataType(DataType.Text)]
    [StringLength(maximumLength: 10, MinimumLength = 7)]
    public string cin { get; set; }

    [Required]
    [DataType(DataType.Date)]
    public DateTime birthday { get; set; }

    [DataType(DataType.Text)]
    public string birthplace { get; set; }
  }

My controller code :

 public class SubscribersController : Controller
{
    private AgencyDbEntities dbcontext = new AgencyDbEntities();
    private Subscribe sb = new Subscribe();

    public ActionResult Index()
    {
        var subscribers = from sb in dbcontext.Subscribes select new SubscribersModel {      cin = sb.cin, name = sb.name, birthday = (DateTime)sb.birthDay, birthplace = sb.birthPlace   };

        return View(subscribers);
    }

    public ActionResult Details(string id,string cin,string name)
    {
        var subscriber = new SubscribersModel();
        IEnumerable<Subscribe> list = from s in dbcontext.Subscribes select s;
        foreach (var sb in list)
        {
            if (sb.cin == id)
            {
                subscriber.cin = sb.cin;
                subscriber.name = sb.name;
                subscriber.birthday = (DateTime)sb.birthDay;
                subscriber.birthplace = sb.birthPlace;
            }
        }
        return View(subscriber);
    }
 }

My index view :

  @model IEnumerable<_3SDWebProject.Models.SubscribersModel>

@{
    ViewBag.Title = "Subscribers";
}
    <div class="sidebar">
      //here i want to show my details view
     </div>
 <div class="content" style="width: 700px; margin-left: 250px; height: 545px;margin-  top: -30px;">
  <h2>Subscribers</h2>
<p>
     @Html.ActionLink("Create New", "Create")
</p>

 @Styles.Render("~/Content/css")
 <script src="@Url.Content("~/Scripts/Table.js")" type="text/javascript"></script>
 <table class="altrowstable" id="alternatecolor">
 <tr>
    <th>
        CIN
    </th>
    <th>
        Name
    </th>
    <th>
        birthday
    </th>
    <th>
        birthplace
    </th>
     <th class="operations">
        Operations
    </th>
</tr>

 @foreach (var item in Model)
{
<tr>
    <td>
        @Html.DisplayFor(modelItem => item.cin)
    </td>
    <td>
        @Html.DisplayFor(modelItem => item.name)
    </td>
    <td>
        @Html.DisplayFor(modelItem => item.birthday)
    </td>
    <td>
        @Html.DisplayFor(modelItem => item.birthplace)
    </td>
    <td>
      @Html.ActionLink("Details", "Details", new { id = item.cin }, new { @class = "details-logo"})
     </td>
</tr>
}

</table>
</div>

my Details view :

@model _3SDWebProject.Models.SubscribersModel

<fieldset>
<legend>SubscribersModel</legend>

<div class="display-label">
     @Html.DisplayNameFor(model => model.name)
</div>
<div class="display-field">
    @Html.DisplayFor(model => model.name)
</div>
<div class="display-label">
     @Html.DisplayNameFor(model => model.birthday)
</div>
<div class="display-field">
    @Html.DisplayFor(model => model.birthday)
</div>

<div class="display-label">
     @Html.DisplayNameFor(model => model.birthplace)
</div>
<div class="display-field">
    @Html.DisplayFor(model => model.birthplace)
</div>
</fieldset>

so please if someone have any idea or solution i will be very appreciate: NB:this a picture describe what i want enter image description here

1
2
4/25/2013 4:53:41 PM

Accepted Answer

Create a new, compound view model that includes both of these view models.

public class CompoundViewModel
{
    public IEnumerable<SubscribersModel> AllSubscribers {get; set;} 
    public SubscribersModel SelectedSubscriber {get; set;}
}

Ideally also split your view into partial views and render these two part of your compound model into them using DisplayFor<> or EditorFor<>. That way you can reuse the view for a 'SubscriberModel' elsewhere in the application if you need it.

Your controller code could also be improved by using a dependency injection framework (e.g. Autofac) to inject those dependencies that you are currently newing up.

Another alternative, given that you are using the same model for the list and the details view, would be to handle this client-side using Javascript, either manually using jQuery or with one of the newer frameworks that allows client-side model binding like Knockout.js or Angular.js.

9
4/25/2013 3:49:18 PM

Popular Answer

You just need to create a second view called Details which is strongly typed with SubscribersModel

@model _3SDWebProject.Models.SubscribersModel

Right-click anywhere in the code for your Details() action
Select Add View...
Leave "Details" for View name
Check "Create a strongly-typed view"
Select your SubscribersModel from the Model class dropdown
Scaffold template: Details
Click "Add"



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