Storing TimeSpan with Entity Framework Codefirst - SqlDbType.Time overflow

.net c# ef-code-first entity-framework

Question

I'm trying to seed some constants into my DB:

context.Stages.AddOrUpdate(s => s.Name,
                                   new Stage()
                                   {
                                       Name = "Seven",
                                       Span = new TimeSpan(2, 0, 0),
                                       StageId = 7
                                   });
context.Stages.AddOrUpdate(s => s.Name,
                                   new Stage()
                                   {
                                       Name = "Eight",
                                       Span = new TimeSpan(1, 0, 0, 0),
                                       StageId = 8
                                   });

This is within my Seed() function for EF Codefirst Migrations. It fails at Stage Eight with the following:

System.Data.UpdateException: An error occurred while updating the entries. See the inner exception for details. ---> System.OverflowException: SqlDbType.Time overflow. Value '1.00:00:00' is out of range. Must be between 00:00:00.0000000 and 23:59:59.9999999.

Why would I not be able to store a timespan using EF? I really hope I don't need to do some silly time-to-ticks conversion on both ends here...

1
26
6/16/2013 3:03:24 AM

Accepted Answer

In this line:

Span = new TimeSpan(1, 0, 0, 0)

You're using this constructor:

public TimeSpan(int days, int hours, int minutes, int seconds);

So you're actually creating a TimeSpan greater than 24 hours since you're passing 1 to the days parameter, while your underlying Database type is Time which only accepts values between 00:00-23:59.

Hard to tell whether you actually meant to have a TimeSpan with 1 day, or it's just a typo.

If you really want a TimeSpan greater than 24 hours, i guess you'll have to map your field to another Database type (like SmallDateTime).

If it's just a typo error, just change your line to:

Span = new TimeSpan(1, 0, 0),
7
6/16/2013 7:51:20 AM

Popular Answer

    [Browsable(false)]
    [EditorBrowsable(EditorBrowsableState.Never)]
    [Obsolete("Property '" + nameof(Duration) + "' should be used instead.")]        
    public long DurationTicks { get; set; }

    [NotMapped]
    public TimeSpan Duration
    {
#pragma warning disable 618
      get { return new TimeSpan(DurationTicks); }
      set { DurationTicks = value.Ticks; }
#pragma warning restore 618
    }

Update

This is now achievable since EF Core 2.1, using Value Conversion.

builder.Entity<Stage>()
    .Property(s => s.Span)
    .HasConversion(new TimeSpanToTicksConverter()); // or TimeSpanToStringConverter


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