Delete duplicates using Lambda

c# entity-framework lambda

Question

I need some help using a lambda expression to remove duplicate entries in my Entity Framework context. I have a table with the following columns:

Id, DateOfIncident, Description, EmployeeId, IncidentTypeId, and IsAttendanceIncident

I want to remove duplicate entries where DateOfIncident, EmployeeID, IncidentTypeID and IsAttendanceIncident are the same. I do want to keep one entry. I know how to do this using a Stored Procedure with CTE in SQL, but I cannot figure out how to accomplish this task using a Lambda expression.

This code returns a list excluding my duplicates, but now how do I go about removing those duplicates that are not in this list ?

  var query = db.Incidents.Where(x => x.IsAttendanceIncident == "Y").GroupBy(x => new { x.EmployeeId, x.DateOfIncident, x.IsAttendanceIncident })
         .Select(x => x.FirstOrDefault());

UPDATE:

So I went ahead and wrote the custom IEqualityComparer. Now how do I remove the incidents in my context that are not in my distinctItems using the id ?

 static void Main(string[] args)
    {
        DALIncidents.AttendanceEntities1 db = new DALIncidents.AttendanceEntities1();

       IEnumerable<DALIncidents.Incident> distinctItems = db.Incidents.Where(c => c.IsAttendanceIncident == "Y");
       distinctItems = distinctItems.Distinct(new DALIncidents.DistinctIncidentComparer());

       Console.ReadLine(); 
    }
1
2
8/12/2013 2:08:23 PM

Accepted Answer

var query = db.Incidents
    .Where(x => x.IsAttendanceIncident == "Y")
    .GroupBy(x => new { x.EmployeeId, x.DateOfIncident, x.IsAttendanceIncident })

Example 1:

    .Select(x => x.FirstOrDefault());  // your original code which retrieves entities to not delete

var dupes = db.Incidents.Except( query ); // get entities to delete

Example 2:

    .SelectMany( x => x.OrderBy( y => y.Id ).Skip(1) ); // gets dupes directly

var dupes = query; // already have what we need

And finally:

foreach( var dupe in dupes )
{
    db.Incidents.Remove( dupe );
}

Example SQL generated from a test context I used earlier where Person entity has a 1:N relationship with watches:

C#:

context.Persons.SelectMany(x => x.Watches.OrderBy(y => y.Id).Skip(1))

Generated SQL:

SELECT 
1 AS [C1], 
[Skip1].[Id] AS [Id], 
[Skip1].[Brand] AS [Brand], 
[Skip1].[Person_Id] AS [Person_Id]
FROM  [dbo].[Persons] AS [Extent1]
CROSS APPLY  (SELECT [Project1].[Id] AS [Id], [Project1].[Brand] AS [Brand], [Project1].[Person_Id] AS [Person_Id]
    FROM ( SELECT [Project1].[Id] AS [Id], [Project1].[Brand] AS [Brand], [Project1].[Person_Id] AS [Person_Id], row_number() OVER (ORDER BY [Project1].[Id] ASC) AS [row_number]
        FROM ( SELECT 
            [Extent2].[Id] AS [Id], 
            [Extent2].[Brand] AS [Brand], 
            [Extent2].[Person_Id] AS [Person_Id]
            FROM [dbo].[Watches] AS [Extent2]
            WHERE [Extent1].[Id] = [Extent2].[Person_Id]
        )  AS [Project1]
    )  AS [Project1]
    WHERE [Project1].[row_number] > 1 ) AS [Skip1]
5
8/12/2013 2:49:09 PM

Popular Answer

var query = db.Incidents.Where(x => x.IsAttendanceIncident == "Y").GroupBy(x => new { x.EmployeeId, x.DateOfIncident, x.IsAttendanceIncident })
     .SelectMany(x => x.Skip(1));


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