Select multiple columns using Entity Framework

.net c# entity-framework

Question

Maybe an easy question, but can't find it easily so forgive me =) I try to select multiple columns. The statement I use is:

var dataset2 = from recordset in entities.processlists 
               where recordset.ProcessName == processname 
               select recordset.ServerName, recordset.ProcessID, recordset.Username;

Obviously, this doesn't even compile. What is the correct syntax? I also tried method based, and even tough this syntax seems correct, when accessing it throws an 'Unable to cast the type 'Anonymous type' to type 'AIM.PInfo'. LINQ to Entities only supports casting EDM primitive or enumeration types.' exception.

Any ideas?

var dataset = entities.processlists
             .Where(x => x.environmentID == environmentid && x.ProcessName == processname && x.RemoteIP == remoteip && x.CommandLine == commandlinepart)
             .Select(x => new { x.ServerName, x.ProcessID, x.Username })
             .Cast<PInfo>().ToList();
1
53
9/2/2016 2:17:51 AM

Accepted Answer

Indeed, the compiler doesn't know how to convert this anonymous type (the new { x.ServerName, x.ProcessID, x.Username } part) to a PInfo object.

var dataset = entities.processlists
    .Where(x => x.environmentID == environmentid && x.ProcessName == processname && x.RemoteIP == remoteip && x.CommandLine == commandlinepart)
    .Select(x => new { x.ServerName, x.ProcessID, x.Username }).ToList();

This gives you a list of objects (of anonymous type) you can use afterwards, but you can't return that or pass that to another method.

If your PInfo object has the right properties, it can be like this :

var dataset = entities.processlists
    .Where(x => x.environmentID == environmentid && x.ProcessName == processname && x.RemoteIP == remoteip && x.CommandLine == commandlinepart)
    .Select(x => new PInfo 
                 { 
                      ServerName = x.ServerName, 
                      ProcessID = x.ProcessID, 
                      UserName = x.Username 
                 }).ToList();

Assuming that PInfo has at least those three properties.

Both query allow you to fetch only the wanted columns, but using an existing type (like in the second query) allows you to send this data to other parts of your app.

100
10/23/2013 8:11:55 AM

Popular Answer

You can select to an anonymous type, for example

var dataset2 = 
    (from recordset in entities.processlists 
    where recordset.ProcessName == processname 
    select new
    {
        serverName = recordset.ServerName,
        processId = recordset.ProcessID, 
        username = recordset.Username
    }).ToList();

Or you can create a new class that will represent your selection, for example

public class MyDataSet
{
    public string ServerName { get; set; }
    public string ProcessId { get; set; }
    public string Username { get; set; }
}

then you can for example do the following

 var dataset2 = 
    (from recordset in entities.processlists 
    where recordset.ProcessName == processname 
    select new MyDataSet
    {
        ServerName = recordset.ServerName,
        ProcessId = recordset.ProcessID, 
        Username = recordset.Username
    }).ToList();


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