Getting mapped column names of properties in entity framework

c# entity-framework sql


in my project I use Entity Framework 6. I have these entities:

   public class Person
        public int Id { get; set; }

        public string Name { get; set; }

        public virtual ICollection<PersonRight> PersonRights { get; set; }


 public class PersonRight
        public int Id { get; set; }

        public string Name { get; set; }

When I insert a person object with filled in PersonRights it looks like this in the database:

table for Person entity:

dbo.People with columns Id, Name

table for PersonRights entity

dbo.PersonRights with columns Id, Name, Person_Id

when I load a person from a database it hasnt filled PersonRights property because of the virtual keyword which is enabeling the lazy loading feature - and its okay.

Then I get the PersonRights for the person object and it also works fine.

The thing is, since there is no navigation property in PersonRight entity, the entity framework must know by which columns in the database are those two properties bounded. In database ther is a foreign key connecting PersonRights and People tables:


The question is : Is there any way how to get the column name by which are those two properties connected? Any way how to get the string "Person_Id" in code?

There is a way how to find out to which table is an entity bounded in database :

thanks a lot for your answers :)


Well I found out that the column name propety is here:

  var items = ((IObjectContextAdapter)dbContext).ObjectContext.MetadataWorkspace.GetItems(DataSpace.CSSpace);

but I still cant reach it, the problem is weird, when I get first item from this collection it shows me that its type is System.Data.Entity.Core.Mapping.StorageEntityContainerMapping but when I go through it by foreach suddenly the type is System.Data.Entity.Metadata.Edm.GlobalItem ...

How can I access the System.Data.Entity.Core.Mapping.StorageEntityContainerMapping item where is also the collection I need to get the column named - AssociationSetMappings ??

11/23/2013 2:32:09 PM

Accepted Answer

You can get to the actual string "Person_Id" from the storage model, but you cannot identify that property/column as the foreign key. For that you would need Person_Id to exist in the conceptual model. I still don't quite understand why you wouldn't want it in the model, but here's how you would get it from the storage metadata:

using ( var context = new YourEntities() )
  var objectContext = ( ( IObjectContextAdapter )context ).ObjectContext;
  var storageMetadata = ( (EntityConnection)objectContext.Connection ).GetMetadataWorkspace().GetItems( DataSpace.SSpace );
  var entityProps = ( from s in storageMetadata where s.BuiltInTypeKind == BuiltInTypeKind.EntityType select s as EntityType );
  var personRightStorageMetadata = ( from m in entityProps where m.Name == "PersonRight" select m ).Single();
  foreach ( var item in personRightStorageMetadata.Properties )
      Console.WriteLine( item.Name );
11/27/2013 2:49:26 PM

Popular Answer

For EF6 I could only find the mappings in DataSpace.CSSpace (EntityTypeMapping will map entities to tables, and ScalarPropertyMapping will map scalar properties to columns):

using System.Data.Entity.Core.Mapping;
using System.Data.Entity.Core.Metadata.Edm;

// ...

using ( var db = new YourContext() )
  var metadataWorkspace = ((System.Data.Entity.Infrastructure.IObjectContextAdapter)db)

  var itemCollection = ((StorageMappingItemCollection)metadataWorkspace

  var entityMappings = itemCollection.OfType<EntityContainerMapping>().Single()

  var entityMapping = (EntityTypeMapping)entityMappings
    .Where(e => e.EntitySet.ElementType.FullName == typeof(TEntity).FullName)
    //or .Where(e => e.EntitySet.ElementType.Name == "YourEntityName")

  var fragment = entityMapping.Fragments.Single();
  var dbTable = fragment.StoreEntitySet;

  Console.WriteLine($"Entity {entityMapping.EntityType.FullName} is mapped to table [{dbTable.Schema}].[{dbTable.Name}]");

  var scalarPropsMap = entityMapping.Fragments.Single()

  foreach(var prop in scalarPropsMap)
    Console.WriteLine($"Property {prop.Property.Name} maps to Column {prop.Column.Name}");


Out of curiosity I use the code above because System.Data.SqlClient.SqlBulkCopy requires mapping between entity properties and table columns.

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