Code-first: Mapping entities to existing database tables

.net c# entity-framework entity-framework-5 entity-framework-6

Question

I am using Entity Framework 6 code-first with an existing database, but having problems mapping my entities to the database tables.

Normally, I would use database-first approach and have my entity and context code generated, but using the designer has become a huge pain.

I have set Database.SetInitializer(null) as I do not want EF to change my schema.

Database schema:

enter image description here

Code-first:

public class Project
{
    public int ProjectId { get; set; }

    public string Name { get; set; }

    public string Description { get; set; }
}

public class ReleaseControlContext : DbContext
{
    public ReleaseControlContext()
        : base(ConfigurationManager.ConnectionStrings["ReleaseControl"].ConnectionString) 
    {
        Database.SetInitializer<ReleaseControlContext>(null);
    }

    public DbSet<Project> Projects { get; set; }
}

Calling code:

using(var context = new ReleaseControlContext())
{
    var projects = context.Projects.ToList();
}

The following exception is thrown:

SqlException: Invalid object name 'dbo.Projects'.

This is because my database table is Project and not Projects. I don't want to rename my context's DbSet<Project> to "Project" because that would be semantically incorrect.

Question:

Do I have to use the fluent API/data annotations to map between the Project database table and the DbSet<Project> Projects collection?

Accepted Answer

You can use the

[Table("Project")] 
public class Project {
....
}

annotation against the Project entity, or in the OnModelCreating(DbModelBuilder modelBuilder) you can call modelBuilder.Entity<Project>().ToTable("Project");.

Both would do the same thing.


Popular Answer

You should define a class (ie:ProjectMap) that inherits from the generic class EntityTypeConfiguration(T) where T is here your Project class. In this ProjectMap class, you can define explicitly a table mapping :

this.ToTable("Project", "dbo");

The class ProjectMap should be called in the following method of your DbContext class

protected override void OnModelCreating(DbModelBuilder modelBuilder)
{
    modelBuilder.Configurations.Add(new ProjectMap());
}



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