Use of Include with async await

asp.net-mvc asynchronous c# entity-framework

Question

I have an EF query in which I am returning an 'Item' by it's unique identifier. I'm using the scaffolded controller provided by MVC and this works ok, but now I want it to return a list of tags which belong to the item.

I thought I might be able to use 'Include' as shown below to eager fetch the tags. However this does not seem to be allowed when using async.

Item item = await db.Items.Include("Tags").FindAsync(id);

Can anybody explain why this won't work and suggest an alternative way to bring back the item's tags?

Cheers

Ben

1
30
2/16/2014 11:17:06 PM

Accepted Answer

Find() and FindAsync() are methods on type DbSet (which is what db.Items is). Include() returns a DbQuery object, which is why FindAsync() is not available. Use SingleOrDefaultAsync() to do the same thing as FindAsync() (the difference is it will go straight to the database and won't look in the context to see if the entity exists first)...

Item item = await db.Items.Include("Tags").SingleOrDefaultAsync(i => i.Id == id);
55
2/16/2014 10:55:45 PM

Popular Answer

Followed by @Anthony and @Korayem answer, I recommend to do as below for safer code.

Item item = await db.Items.Include(o => o.Tags).FirstOrDefaultAsync(i => i.Id == id);

if(item == default(Item))
    return NotFound();


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