Exception when loading related objects. Entity Framework

c# entity-framework exception

Question

I am getting an exception when loading related objects in my db. I am loading all my MatchData objects and I want to iterate them with a foreach.

The objects that I'm loading is:

MatchData Class:

public class MatchData
{
    [Key]
    public virtual int Id { get; set; }
    private List<PlayerData> blueTeam = new List<PlayerData>();
    private List<PlayerData> redTeam = new List<PlayerData>();

    [InverseProperty("MatchDataBlue")]
    public virtual List<PlayerData> BlueTeam
    {
        get { return blueTeam; }
        set { blueTeam = value; }
    }
    [InverseProperty("MatchDataRed")]
    public virtual List<PlayerData> RedTeam
    {
        get { return redTeam; }
        set { redTeam = value; }
    }
}

PlayerData Class:

public class PlayerData
{

    // properties
    [Key]
    public virtual int Id { get; set; }

    public virtual Player Player { get; set; }
    public virtual MatchData MatchDataBlue { get; set; }
    public virtual MatchData MatchDataRed { get; set; }
}

Here is how I load them the MatchData objects:

using (DBBooneContext db = new DBBooneContext())
{
    var smth = db.MatchData
        .Include(md => md.BlueTeam)
        .ToList();
}

DBContext

class DBBooneContext : DbContext
{
    public DbSet<Player> Player { get; set; }
    public DbSet<PlayerData> PlayerData { get; set; }
    public DbSet<MatchData> MatchData { get; set; }
}

When I run the ToList i get the exception: An unhandled exception of type 'System.Reflection.TargetInvocationException' occurred in EntityFramework.SqlServer.dll

full exception:

A first chance exception of type 'System.Reflection.TargetInvocationException' occurred in EntityFramework.SqlServer.dll
System.Reflection.TargetInvocationException: Exception has been thrown by the target of an invocation. ---> System.InvalidOperationException: The class 'Boonekamp.ClassCollection.PlayerData' has no parameterless constructor.
   at System.Data.Entity.Core.Objects.DelegateFactory.GetConstructorForType(Type type)
   at System.Data.Entity.Core.Common.Internal.Materialization.Translator.TranslatorVisitor.Emit_ConstructEntity(EntityType oSpaceType, IEnumerable`1 propertyBindings, Expression entityKeyReader, Expression entitySetReader, TranslatorArg arg, EntityProxyTypeInfo proxyTypeInfo)
   at System.Data.Entity.Core.Common.Internal.Materialization.Translator.TranslatorVisitor.Visit(EntityColumnMap columnMap, TranslatorArg arg)
   at System.Data.Entity.Core.Query.InternalTrees.EntityColumnMap.Accept[TResultType,TArgType](ColumnMapVisitorWithResults`2 visitor, TArgType arg)
   at System.Data.Entity.Core.Common.Internal.Materialization.Translator.TranslatorVisitor.HandleSpandexRecord(RecordColumnMap columnMap, TranslatorArg arg, RowType spanRowType)
   at System.Data.Entity.Core.Common.Internal.Materialization.Translator.TranslatorVisitor.Visit(RecordColumnMap columnMap, TranslatorArg arg)
   at System.Data.Entity.Core.Query.InternalTrees.RecordColumnMap.Accept[TResultType,TArgType](ColumnMapVisitorWithResults`2 visitor, TArgType arg)
   at System.Data.Entity.Core.Common.Internal.Materialization.Translator.TranslatorVisitor.ProcessCollectionColumnMap(CollectionColumnMap columnMap, TranslatorArg arg, ColumnMap discriminatorColumnMap, Object discriminatorValue)
   at System.Data.Entity.Core.Common.Internal.Materialization.Translator.TranslatorVisitor.Visit(DiscriminatedCollectionColumnMap columnMap, TranslatorArg arg)
   at System.Data.Entity.Core.Query.InternalTrees.DiscriminatedCollectionColumnMap.Accept[TResultType,TArgType](ColumnMapVisitorWithResults`2 visitor, TArgType arg)
   at System.Data.Entity.Core.Common.Internal.Materialization.Translator.TranslatorVisitor.AcceptWithMappedType(TranslatorVisitor translatorVisitor, ColumnMap columnMap)
   at System.Data.Entity.Core.Common.Internal.Materialization.Translator.TranslatorVisitor.HandleSpandexRecord(RecordColumnMap columnMap, TranslatorArg arg, RowType spanRowType)
   at System.Data.Entity.Core.Common.Internal.Materialization.Translator.TranslatorVisitor.Visit(RecordColumnMap columnMap, TranslatorArg arg)
   at System.Data.Entity.Core.Query.InternalTrees.RecordColumnMap.Accept[TResultType,TArgType](ColumnMapVisitorWithResults`2 visitor, TArgType arg)
   at System.Data.Entity.Core.Common.Internal.Materialization.Translator.TranslatorVisitor.ProcessCollectionColumnMap(CollectionColumnMap columnMap, TranslatorArg arg, ColumnMap discriminatorColumnMap, Object discriminatorValue)
   at System.Data.Entity.Core.Common.Internal.Materialization.Translator.TranslatorVisitor.ProcessCollectionColumnMap(CollectionColumnMap columnMap, TranslatorArg arg)
   at System.Data.Entity.Core.Common.Internal.Materialization.Translator.TranslatorVisitor.Visit(SimpleCollectionColumnMap columnMap, TranslatorArg arg)
   at System.Data.Entity.Core.Query.InternalTrees.SimpleCollectionColumnMap.Accept[TResultType,TArgType](ColumnMapVisitorWithResults`2 visitor, TArgType arg)
   at System.Data.Entity.Core.Common.Internal.Materialization.Translator.TranslateColumnMap[T](ColumnMap columnMap, MetadataWorkspace workspace, SpanIndex spanIndex, MergeOption mergeOption, Boolean streaming, Boolean valueLayer)
   --- End of inner exception stack trace ---
   at System.RuntimeMethodHandle.InvokeMethod(Object target, Object[] arguments, Signature sig, Boolean constructor)
   at System.Reflection.RuntimeMethodInfo.UnsafeInvokeInternal(Object obj, Object[] parameters, Object[] arguments)
   at System.Reflection.RuntimeMethodInfo.Invoke(Object obj, BindingFlags invokeAttr, Binder binder, Object[] parameters, CultureInfo culture)
   at System.Reflection.MethodBase.Invoke(Object obj, Object[] parameters)
   at System.Data.Entity.Core.Common.Internal.Materialization.Translator.TranslateColumnMap(Translator translator, Type elementType, ColumnMap columnMap, MetadataWorkspace workspace, SpanIndex spanIndex, MergeOption mergeOption, Boolean streaming, Boolean valueLayer)
   at System.Data.Entity.Core.Objects.Internal.ObjectQueryExecutionPlanFactory.Prepare(ObjectContext context, DbQueryCommandTree tree, Type elementType, MergeOption mergeOption, Boolean streaming, Span span, IEnumerable`1 compiledQueryParameters, AliasGenerator aliasGenerator)
   at System.Data.Entity.Core.Objects.EntitySqlQueryState.GetExecutionPlan(Nullable`1 forMergeOption)
   at System.Data.Entity.Core.Objects.ObjectQuery`1.<>c__DisplayClass7.<GetResults>b__6()
   at System.Data.Entity.Core.Objects.ObjectContext.ExecuteInTransaction[T](Func`1 func, IDbExecutionStrategy executionStrategy, Boolean startLocalTransaction, Boolean releaseConnectionOnSuccess)
   at System.Data.Entity.Core.Objects.ObjectQuery`1.<>c__DisplayClass7.<GetResults>b__5()
   at System.Data.Entity.SqlServer.DefaultSqlExecutionStrategy.Execute[TResult](Func`1 operation)
   at System.Data.Entity.Core.Objects.ObjectQuery`1.GetResults(Nullable`1 forMergeOption)
   at System.Data.Entity.Core.Objects.ObjectQuery`1.<System.Collections.Generic.IEnumerable<T>.GetEnumerator>b__0()
   at System.Data.Entity.Internal.LazyEnumerator`1.MoveNext()
   at System.Collections.Generic.List`1..ctor(IEnumerable`1 collection)
   at System.Linq.Enumerable.ToList[TSource](IEnumerable`1 source)
   at Boonekamp.ClassCollection.Player.getStats(Predicate`1 predicate) in d:\Dropbox\code\c#\Boonekamp\Boonekamp\ClassCollection\Player.cs:line 49

Additional information: Exception has been thrown by the target of an invocation.

I have absolutely no clue how to solve this issue. Any ideas?

1
14
2/5/2015 10:02:24 PM

Accepted Answer

The inner exception says it all:

The class 'Boonekamp.ClassCollection.PlayerData' has no parameterless constructor

Change your PlayerData to:

[Obsolete("Only needed for serialization and materialization", true)]
public PlayerData() {}

public PlayerData(Player player)
{
}

This way, you do have a parameter-less constructor that Entity Framework will be able to use during initialization. Yet, you prevent using that constructor in code using the [Obsolete] attribute.

23
3/27/2014 9:35:37 AM


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