There is already an object named in the database

database ef-code-first ef-migrations entity-framework entity-framework-6

Question

Update-Database failed from Package Manager Console. I've used Entity Framework 6.x and code-first approach. Error is

"There is already an object named 'AboutUs' in the database."

How can I solve this problem?

internal sealed class Configuration 
    : DbMigrationsConfiguration<Jahan.Blog.Web.Mvc.Models.JahanBlogDbContext>
{
    public Configuration()
    {
        AutomaticMigrationsEnabled = true;
        AutomaticMigrationDataLossAllowed = false;
    }

    protected override void Seed(Jahan.Blog.Web.Mvc.Models.JahanBlogDbContext context)
    {

    }
}

My DbContext is:

public class JahanBlogDbContext : IdentityDbContext<User, Role, int, UserLogin, UserRole, UserClaim>
{
    public JahanBlogDbContext()
        : base("name=JahanBlogDbConnectionString")
    {
        Database.SetInitializer(new DropCreateDatabaseIfModelChanges<JahanBlogDbContext>());
    }
    protected override void OnModelCreating(DbModelBuilder modelBuilder)
    {
        modelBuilder.Conventions.Remove<PluralizingTableNameConvention>();
        modelBuilder.Entity<Comment>().HasRequired(t => t.Article).WithMany(t => t.Comments).HasForeignKey(d => d.ArticleId).WillCascadeOnDelete(true);
        base.OnModelCreating(modelBuilder);

        modelBuilder.Entity<User>().ToTable("User");
        modelBuilder.Entity<Role>().ToTable("Role");
        modelBuilder.Entity<UserRole>().ToTable("UserRole");
        modelBuilder.Entity<UserLogin>().ToTable("UserLogin");
        modelBuilder.Entity<UserClaim>().ToTable("UserClaim");
    }

    public virtual DbSet<Article> Articles { get; set; }
    public virtual DbSet<ArticleLike> ArticleLikes { get; set; }
    public virtual DbSet<ArticleTag> ArticleTags { get; set; }
    public virtual DbSet<AttachmentFile> AttachmentFiles { get; set; }
    public virtual DbSet<Comment> Comments { get; set; }
    public virtual DbSet<CommentLike> CommentLikes { get; set; }
    public virtual DbSet<CommentReply> CommentReplies { get; set; }
    public virtual DbSet<ContactUs> ContactUs { get; set; }
    public virtual DbSet<Project> Projects { get; set; }
    public virtual DbSet<ProjectState> ProjectStates { get; set; }
    public virtual DbSet<ProjectTag> ProjectTags { get; set; }
    public virtual DbSet<Rating> Ratings { get; set; }
    public virtual DbSet<Tag> Tags { get; set; }
    public virtual DbSet<AboutUs> AboutUs { get; set; }
}

Package Manage Console:

PM> update-database -verbose -force
Using StartUp project 'Jahan.Blog.Web.Mvc'.
Using NuGet project 'Jahan.Blog.Web.Mvc'.
Specify the '-Verbose' flag to view the SQL statements being applied to the target database.
Target database is: 'Jahan-Blog' (DataSource: (local), Provider: System.Data.SqlClient, Origin: Configuration).
No pending explicit migrations.
Applying automatic migration: 201410101740197_AutomaticMigration.
CREATE TABLE [dbo].[AboutUs] (
    [Id] [int] NOT NULL IDENTITY,
    [Description] [nvarchar](max),
    [IsActive] [bit] NOT NULL,
    [CreatedDate] [datetime],
    [ModifiedDate] [datetime],
    CONSTRAINT [PK_dbo.AboutUs] PRIMARY KEY ([Id])
)
System.Data.SqlClient.SqlException (0x80131904): There is already an object named 'AboutUs' in the database.
   at System.Data.SqlClient.SqlConnection.OnError(SqlException exception, Boolean breakConnection, Action`1 wrapCloseInAction)
   at System.Data.SqlClient.SqlInternalConnection.OnError(SqlException exception, Boolean breakConnection, Action`1 wrapCloseInAction)
   at System.Data.SqlClient.TdsParser.ThrowExceptionAndWarning(TdsParserStateObject stateObj, Boolean callerHasConnectionLock, Boolean asyncClose)
   at System.Data.SqlClient.TdsParser.TryRun(RunBehavior runBehavior, SqlCommand cmdHandler, SqlDataReader dataStream, BulkCopySimpleResultSet bulkCopyHandler, TdsParserStateObject stateObj, Boolean& dataReady)
   at System.Data.SqlClient.SqlCommand.RunExecuteNonQueryTds(String methodName, Boolean async, Int32 timeout, Boolean asyncWrite)
   at System.Data.SqlClient.SqlCommand.InternalExecuteNonQuery(TaskCompletionSource`1 completion, String methodName, Boolean sendToPipe, Int32 timeout, Boolean asyncWrite)
   at System.Data.SqlClient.SqlCommand.ExecuteNonQuery()
   at System.Data.Entity.Infrastructure.Interception.DbCommandDispatcher.<NonQuery>b__0(DbCommand t, DbCommandInterceptionContext`1 c)
   at System.Data.Entity.Infrastructure.Interception.InternalDispatcher`1.Dispatch[TTarget,TInterceptionContext,TResult](TTarget target, Func`3 operation, TInterceptionContext interceptionContext, Action`3 executing, Action`3 executed)
   at System.Data.Entity.Infrastructure.Interception.DbCommandDispatcher.NonQuery(DbCommand command, DbCommandInterceptionContext interceptionContext)
   at System.Data.Entity.Internal.InterceptableDbCommand.ExecuteNonQuery()
   at System.Data.Entity.Migrations.DbMigrator.ExecuteSql(DbTransaction transaction, MigrationStatement migrationStatement, DbInterceptionContext interceptionContext)
   at System.Data.Entity.Migrations.Infrastructure.MigratorLoggingDecorator.ExecuteSql(DbTransaction transaction, MigrationStatement migrationStatement, DbInterceptionContext interceptionContext)
   at System.Data.Entity.Migrations.DbMigrator.ExecuteStatementsInternal(IEnumerable`1 migrationStatements, DbTransaction transaction, DbInterceptionContext interceptionContext)
   at System.Data.Entity.Migrations.DbMigrator.ExecuteStatementsInternal(IEnumerable`1 migrationStatements, DbConnection connection)
   at System.Data.Entity.Migrations.DbMigrator.<>c__DisplayClass30.<ExecuteStatements>b__2e()
   at System.Data.Entity.SqlServer.DefaultSqlExecutionStrategy.<>c__DisplayClass1.<Execute>b__0()
   at System.Data.Entity.SqlServer.DefaultSqlExecutionStrategy.Execute[TResult](Func`1 operation)
   at System.Data.Entity.SqlServer.DefaultSqlExecutionStrategy.Execute(Action operation)
   at System.Data.Entity.Migrations.DbMigrator.ExecuteStatements(IEnumerable`1 migrationStatements, DbTransaction existingTransaction)
   at System.Data.Entity.Migrations.DbMigrator.ExecuteStatements(IEnumerable`1 migrationStatements)
   at System.Data.Entity.Migrations.Infrastructure.MigratorBase.ExecuteStatements(IEnumerable`1 migrationStatements)
   at System.Data.Entity.Migrations.DbMigrator.ExecuteOperations(String migrationId, XDocument targetModel, IEnumerable`1 operations, IEnumerable`1 systemOperations, Boolean downgrading, Boolean auto)
   at System.Data.Entity.Migrations.DbMigrator.AutoMigrate(String migrationId, VersionedModel sourceModel, VersionedModel targetModel, Boolean downgrading)
   at System.Data.Entity.Migrations.Infrastructure.MigratorLoggingDecorator.AutoMigrate(String migrationId, VersionedModel sourceModel, VersionedModel targetModel, Boolean downgrading)
   at System.Data.Entity.Migrations.DbMigrator.Upgrade(IEnumerable`1 pendingMigrations, String targetMigrationId, String lastMigrationId)
   at System.Data.Entity.Migrations.Infrastructure.MigratorLoggingDecorator.Upgrade(IEnumerable`1 pendingMigrations, String targetMigrationId, String lastMigrationId)
   at System.Data.Entity.Migrations.DbMigrator.UpdateInternal(String targetMigration)
   at System.Data.Entity.Migrations.DbMigrator.<>c__DisplayClassc.<Update>b__b()
   at System.Data.Entity.Migrations.DbMigrator.EnsureDatabaseExists(Action mustSucceedToKeepDatabase)
   at System.Data.Entity.Migrations.Infrastructure.MigratorBase.EnsureDatabaseExists(Action mustSucceedToKeepDatabase)
   at System.Data.Entity.Migrations.DbMigrator.Update(String targetMigration)
   at System.Data.Entity.Migrations.Infrastructure.MigratorBase.Update(String targetMigration)
   at System.Data.Entity.Migrations.Design.ToolingFacade.UpdateRunner.Run()
   at System.AppDomain.DoCallBack(CrossAppDomainDelegate callBackDelegate)
   at System.AppDomain.DoCallBack(CrossAppDomainDelegate callBackDelegate)
   at System.Data.Entity.Migrations.Design.ToolingFacade.Run(BaseRunner runner)
   at System.Data.Entity.Migrations.Design.ToolingFacade.Update(String targetMigration, Boolean force)
   at System.Data.Entity.Migrations.UpdateDatabaseCommand.<>c__DisplayClass2.<.ctor>b__0()
   at System.Data.Entity.Migrations.MigrationsDomainCommand.Execute(Action command)
ClientConnectionId:88b66414-8776-45cd-a211-e81b2711c94b
There is already an object named 'AboutUs' in the database.
PM> 
1
106
10/10/2014 5:53:14 PM

Accepted Answer

it seems there is a problem in migration process, run add-migration command in "Package Manager Console":

Add-Migration Initial -IgnoreChanges

do some changes, and then update database from "Initial" file:

Update-Database -verbose

Edit: -IgnoreChanges is in EF6 but not in EF Core, here's a workaround: https://stackoverflow.com/a/43687656/495455

123
7/23/2018 1:51:20 AM

Popular Answer

Maybe you have changed the namespace in your project!
There is a table in your data base called dbo.__MigrationHistory. The table has a column called ContextKey.
The value of this column is based on your namespace. for example is "DataAccess.Migrations.Configuration".
When you change the namespace, it causes duplicate table names with different namespaces.
So, after you change namespace in code side, change the namespace in this table in database, too, (for all rows).
For example, if you change the namespace to EFDataAccess, then you should change the values of ContextKey column in dbo.__MigrationHistory to "EFDataAccess.Migrations.Configuration".
Then in code side, in Tools => Package Manager Console, use the update-database command.

Another option instead of changing the context value in the database is to hard code the context value in your code to the old namespace value. This is possible by inheriting DbMigrationsConfiguration<YourDbContext> and in the constructor just assign the old context value to ContextKey, than inherit from MigrateDatabaseToLatestVersion<YourDbContext, YourDbMigrationConfiguration> and leave that class empty. The last thing to do is call Database.SetInitializer(new YourDbInitializer()); in your DbContext in a static constructor.

I hope your problem will be fixed.



Related Questions





Related

Licensed under: CC-BY-SA with attribution
Not affiliated with Stack Overflow
Licensed under: CC-BY-SA with attribution
Not affiliated with Stack Overflow