Create table and insert data into it during EF code first migration

c# ef-migrations entity-framework entity-framework-6

Question

I'm using Entity Framework Code First with Code First migrations.

During a migration, I need to create a new table, and then insert some data into it.

So I create the table with :

CreateTable("MySchema.MyNewTable",
    c => new
    {
        MYCOLUMNID = c.Int(nullable: false, identity: true),
        MYCOLUMNNAME = c.String(),
     })
   .PrimaryKey(t => t.MYCOLUMNID);

Then I try to insert data with :

using (var context = new MyContext())
{
    context.MyNewTableDbSet.AddOrUpdate(new[]
    {
    new MyNewTable
    {
       MYCOLUMNNAME = "Test"
    }
    });
    context.SaveChanges();
}

But I get an error :

Invalid object name 'mySchema.MyNewTable'.

Is it possible to do what I need ? Create a table and inserto data into it in the same migration ?

I already have other migrations where I create tables or insert data into a table, but never in the same migration...

1
13
1/4/2019 8:54:04 PM

Accepted Answer

My recommendation is move that insert code to the Seed method. Migrations introduced its own Seed method on the DbMigrationsConfiguration class. This Seed method is different from the database initializer Seed method in two important ways:

  • It runs whenever the Update-Database PowerShell command is executed. Unless the Migrations initializer is being used the Migrations Seed method will not be executed when your application starts.
  • It must handle cases where the database already contains data because Migrations is evolving the database rather than dropping and recreating it.

For that last reason it is useful to use the AddOrUpdate extension method in the Seed method. AddOrUpdate can check whether or not an entity already exists in the database and then either insert a new entity if it doesn’t already exist or update the existing entity if it does exist.

So, try to run the script that you want this way:

 Update-Database –TargetMigration: ScriptName 

And the Seed method will do the job of inserting data.

As Julie Lerman said on her blog:

The job of AddOrUpdate is to ensure that you don’t create duplicates when you seed data during development.

15
7/26/2018 8:14:08 PM

Popular Answer

You can try this approach: after creating table, create another empty migration in your Package Manager Console using:

Add-Migration "MigrationName"

Then open the .cs file of that migration and, in Up() method, insert this code:

Sql("INSERT INTO MyNewTable(NyColumnName) Values('Test')");

After that, save and go back to Package Manager Console and update the database using:

Update-Database


Related Questions





Related

Licensed under: CC-BY-SA with attribution
Not affiliated with Stack Overflow
Licensed under: CC-BY-SA with attribution
Not affiliated with Stack Overflow