Updating records using a Repository Pattern with Entity Framework 6

asp.net-identity asp.net-mvc-5 c# entity-framework-6 repository-pattern

Question

I'm writing a simple blog application and trying to establish CRUD operations in my generic repository pattern but I'm getting an error on my update method that says:

'System.Data.Entity.DbSet' does not contain a definition for 'Entry' and no extension method 'Entry' accepting a first argument of type 'System.Data.Entity.DbSet' could be found (are you missing a using directive or an assembly reference?)

I followed a post that explained how to 'fake' Entry() by adding additional level of indirection over DbContext. However in MVC 5 we're inheriting from: IdentityDbContext and not DbContext. I did try implementing the authors fix but the error persists.

My Question

How can I add an update method to my repository in Entity Framework 6 using IdentityDbContext? If we aren't supposed to do it this way then how do I update a record with this pattern?

I should note that all other the other methods work as expected.

My generic Repository:

public class BlogEngineRepository<T> : IRepository<T> where T : class
    {
        protected DbSet<T> DbSet;

        public BlogEngineRepository(DbContext dataContext)
        {
            DbSet = dataContext.Set<T>();
        }

        #region IRepository<T> Members

        public void Insert(T entity)
        {
            DbSet.Add(entity);
        }

        public void Delete(T entity)
        {
            DbSet.Remove(entity);
        }

        public void Update(T entity)
        { 

           DbSet.Entry(entity).State = System.Data.Entity.EntityState.Modified;

        }

        public IQueryable<T> SearchFor(Expression<Func<T, bool>> predicate)
        {
            return DbSet.Where(predicate);
        }

        public IQueryable<T> GetAll()
        {
            return DbSet;
        }

        public T GetById(int id)
        {
            return DbSet.Find(id);
        }

        #endregion
    }
1
17
5/23/2017 11:46:39 AM

Accepted Answer

Update should look like (expanding on Dan Beaulieu's answer) :

[HttpPost]
[ValidateAntiForgeryToken]
[ValidateInput(false)]
public ActionResult Edit([Bind(Include = "Id,Title,IntroText,Body,Modified,Author")] Post post)
{
    using (UnitOfWork uwork = new UnitOfWork())
    {
        post.Modified = DateTime.Now;
        uwork.PostRepository.Update(post);

        uwork.Commit();

        return RedirectToAction("Index");
    }
}

RepositoryPattern looks like this:

public class BlogEngineRepository<T> : IRepository<T> where T : class
{
  public BlogEngineRepository(DbContext dataContext)
  {
    DbSet = dataContext.Set<T>();
    Context = dataContext;
  }

  public T Update(T entity)
  {
     DbSet.Attach(entity);
     var entry = Context.Entry(entity);
     entry.State = System.Data.EntityState.Modified;
  }
}

You can view a full explaination to the answer for Efficient way of updating list of entities for more information on the details of just an update.

15
9/21/2017 2:04:27 AM

Popular Answer

Ok, I figured this out. The reason why there isn't an Update method in new repository patterns (Entity Framework 6) is because there's no need for one. You simply fetch your record by id, make your changes and then commit/save.

For example, this is my edit POST method from my postController:

[HttpPost]
[ValidateAntiForgeryToken]
[ValidateInput(false)]
public ActionResult Edit([Bind(Include = "Id,Title,IntroText,Body,Modified,Author")] Post post)
{
    using (UnitOfWork uwork = new UnitOfWork())
    {
        Post edit = uwork.PostRepository.GetById(post.Id);
        edit.Title = post.Title;
        edit.IntroText = post.IntroText;
        edit.Body = post.Body;
        edit.Modified = DateTime.Now;

        uwork.Commit();

        return RedirectToAction("Index");
    }
}

RepositoryPattern looks like this:

public class BlogEngineRepository<T> : IRepository<T> where T : class
{
    protected DbSet<T> DbSet;

    public BlogEngineRepository(DbContext dataContext)
    {
        DbSet = dataContext.Set<T>();
    } 

    public void Insert(T entity)
    {
        DbSet.Add(entity);
    }

    public void Delete(T entity)
    {
        DbSet.Remove(entity); 
    }

    public IQueryable<T> SearchFor(Expression<Func<T, bool>> predicate)
    {
        return DbSet.Where(predicate);
    }

    public IQueryable<T> GetAll()
    {
        return DbSet;
    }

    public T GetById(int id)
    {
        return DbSet.Find(id);
    } 
}


Related Questions





Related

Licensed under: CC-BY-SA with attribution
Not affiliated with Stack Overflow
Licensed under: CC-BY-SA with attribution
Not affiliated with Stack Overflow