Call OrderBy() with a field name as a string

c# entity-framework linq

Question

I am using .NET 4.51, EF 6

I make a number of calls to my repository layer where I need to do some basic ordering on a single field in either ascending or descending order such as:

enter image description here

The result of GetAllList() is a List<T>. Now unfortunately the Id field I have to sort by is not always called Id nor is the Text field. They can be other things such as MyId, SomeTextField and so on.

So I was wondering if there was a way I could do the OrderBy() and OrderByDescending() clauses by supplying a string for the field name something like:

_Repository.GetAllList().OrderBy(r => r."SomeTextField")

In this way I could move all this code to a common method.

Any pointers greatly appreciated.

1
6
8/18/2015 12:41:08 AM

Accepted Answer

Thanks to all. Rob, your solution was pretty close to what I ended up with.

Based on your insights I did some more searching and came across Marc Gravel's answer here Dynamic LINQ OrderBy on IEnumerable<T> (second post).

It added dynamic's as an additional bonus.

0
5/23/2017 12:31:37 PM

Popular Answer

This will work:

public static class LinqExtensions 
{
    private static PropertyInfo GetPropertyInfo(Type objType, string name)
    {
        var properties = objType.GetProperties();
        var matchedProperty = properties.FirstOrDefault (p => p.Name == name);
        if (matchedProperty == null)
            throw new ArgumentException("name");

        return matchedProperty;
    }
    private static LambdaExpression GetOrderExpression(Type objType, PropertyInfo pi)
    {
        var paramExpr = Expression.Parameter(objType);
        var propAccess = Expression.PropertyOrField(paramExpr, pi.Name);
        var expr = Expression.Lambda(propAccess, paramExpr);
        return expr;
    }

    public static IEnumerable<T> OrderBy<T>(this IEnumerable<T> query, string name)
    {
        var propInfo = GetPropertyInfo(typeof(T), name);
        var expr = GetOrderExpression(typeof(T), propInfo);

        var method = typeof(Enumerable).GetMethods().FirstOrDefault(m => m.Name == "OrderBy" && m.GetParameters().Length == 2);
        var genericMethod = method.MakeGenericMethod(typeof(T), propInfo.PropertyType);     
        return (IEnumerable<T>) genericMethod.Invoke(null, new object[] { query, expr.Compile() });
    }

    public static IQueryable<T> OrderBy<T>(this IQueryable<T> query, string name)
    {
        var propInfo = GetPropertyInfo(typeof(T), name);
        var expr = GetOrderExpression(typeof(T), propInfo);

        var method = typeof(Queryable).GetMethods().FirstOrDefault(m => m.Name == "OrderBy" && m.GetParameters().Length == 2);
        var genericMethod = method.MakeGenericMethod(typeof(T), propInfo.PropertyType);     
        return (IQueryable<T>) genericMethod.Invoke(null, new object[] { query, expr });
    }
}

Testing:

var r = new List<temp> { 
    new temp { a = 5 }, 
    new temp { a = 1 }, 
    new temp { a = 15 }
}.OrderBy("a");

Gives the correct result (1, 5, 15) - and will provide lazy execution for your use with EF

You will need to implement the overloads if needed.



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