On Records, Entity Framework calls MAX on null.

entity-framework

Question

When calling Max() on an IQueryable and there are zero records I get the following exception.

The cast to value type 'Int32' failed because the materialized value is null. Either the result type's generic parameter or the query must use a nullable type.

var version = ctx.Entries
    .Where(e => e.Competition.CompetitionId == storeCompetition.CompetitionId)
    .Max(e => e.Version);

Now I understand why this happens my question is how is the best way to do this if the table can be empty. The code below works and solves this problem, but its very ugly is there no MaxOrDefault() concept?

int? version = ctx.Entries
    .Where(e => e.Competition.CompetitionId == storeCompetition.CompetitionId)
    .Select(e => (int?)e.Version)
    .Max();
1
49
7/18/2010 3:25:44 AM

Accepted Answer

Yes, casting to Nullable of T is the recommended way to deal with the problem in LINQ to Entities queries. Having a MaxOrDefault() method that has the right signature sounds like an interesting idea, but you would simply need an additional version for each method that presents this issue, which wouldn't scale very well.

This is one of many mismatches between how things work in the CLR and how they actually work on a database server. The Max() method’s signature has been defined this way because the result type is expected to be exactly the same as the input type on the CLR. But on a database server the result can be null. For that reason, you need to cast the input (although depending on how you write your query it might be enough to cast the output) to a Nullable of T.

Here is a solution that looks slightly simpler than what you have above:

var version = ctx.Entries 
    .Where(e => e.Competition.CompetitionId == storeCompetition.CompetitionId) 
    .Max(e =>(int?)e.Version);

Hope this helps.

87
7/18/2010 6:32:36 AM

Popular Answer

Try this to create a default for your max.

int version = ctx.Entries 
    .Where(e => e.Competition.CompetitionId == storeCompetition.CompetitionId) 
    .Max(e =>(int?)e.Version) ?? 0;


Related Questions





Related

Licensed under: CC-BY-SA with attribution
Not affiliated with Stack Overflow
Licensed under: CC-BY-SA with attribution
Not affiliated with Stack Overflow