DbSet doesn't contain definition for FirstOrDefault?

.net c# entity-framework linq


I recently migrated an existing project to .net 4.5 and changed out what this project was using for data access (switching to Entity Framework).

For some reason any time I try to access any functions for a DbSet (Where, First, FirstOrDefault, etc) it throws the error:

Error 53 'System.Data.Entity.DbSet1<MyProject.Data.Customer>' does not contain a definition for 'FirstOrDefault' and no extension method 'FirstOrDefault' accepting a first argument of type 'System.Data.Entity.DbSet1' could be found (are you missing a using directive or an assembly reference?

This uses .net 4.5 and I read that these functions are no longer in System.Linq but are now stored in System.Core. I have added a reference to System.Core to the project but I am still getting the error. There is a using statement for System.Linq, but not for System.Core.

Can anyone see why I would be getting this error? Suggestions on how to fix?


This is the line that throws the error:

VIModel Db = new VIModel();
Customer = Db.Customers.FirstOrDefault(c => c.CustomerId == CustomerId && c.IsPrimary);

and my DbContext:

public partial class VIModel : DbContext
     public virtual DbSet<Customer> Customers { get; set; }
2/28/2017 11:46:54 AM

Accepted Answer

The assembly for Queryable (the thing that adds the FirstOrDefault extension method you are using) is in System.Core, however it's namespace is System.Linq, you can see this on the MSDN page for it

Namespace: System.Linq
Assembly: System.Core (in System.Core.dll)

You need to have in your project a refrence to System.Core and in the file you are trying to use it a using System.Linq;

If you have both of these things double check that your project or some project you are refrencing did not create it's own System.Data.Entity.DbSet<T> class which does not implement IQueryable<T> or IEnumerable<T>.

9/30/2015 4:33:11 PM

Popular Answer

I was having the same problem. I tried the following solution to solve the problem

  • Right click on the project.
  • Click on "Property Pages".
  • Go to the "Build" tab.
  • Set to "Target Framework" 4.5.
  • Try "Build"

I hope this is resolved :)

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