Decimal precision and scale in EF Code First

.net c# decimal ef-code-first entity-framework

Question

I'm experimenting with this code-first approach, but I'm find out now that a property of type System.Decimal gets mapped to a sql column of type decimal(18, 0).

How do I set the precision of the database column?

1
222
1/25/2016 1:08:07 AM

Accepted Answer

The answer from Dave Van den Eynde is now out of date. There are 2 important changes, from EF 4.1 onwards the ModelBuilder class is now DbModelBuilder and there is now a DecimalPropertyConfiguration.HasPrecision Method which has a signature of:

public DecimalPropertyConfiguration HasPrecision(
byte precision,
byte scale )

where precision is the total number of digits the db will store, regardless of where the decimal point falls and scale is the number of decimal places it will store.

Therefore there is no need to iterate through properties as shown but the can just be called from

public class EFDbContext : DbContext
{
   protected override void OnModelCreating(System.Data.Entity.DbModelBuilder modelBuilder)
   {
       modelBuilder.Entity<Class>().Property(object => object.property).HasPrecision(12, 10);

       base.OnModelCreating(modelBuilder);
   }
}
255
2/18/2015 8:46:13 PM

Popular Answer

If you want to set the precision for all decimals in EF6 you could replace the default DecimalPropertyConvention convention used in the DbModelBuilder:

protected override void OnModelCreating(DbModelBuilder modelBuilder)
{
    modelBuilder.Conventions.Remove<DecimalPropertyConvention>();
    modelBuilder.Conventions.Add(new DecimalPropertyConvention(38, 18));
}

The default DecimalPropertyConvention in EF6 maps decimal properties to decimal(18,2) columns.

If you only want individual properties to have a specified precision then you can set the precision for the entity's property on the DbModelBuilder:

protected override void OnModelCreating(DbModelBuilder modelBuilder)
{
    modelBuilder.Entity<MyEntity>().Property(e => e.Value).HasPrecision(38, 18);
}

Or, add an EntityTypeConfiguration<> for the entity which specifies the precision:

protected override void OnModelCreating(DbModelBuilder modelBuilder)
{
    modelBuilder.Configurations.Add(new MyEntityConfiguration());
}

internal class MyEntityConfiguration : EntityTypeConfiguration<MyEntity>
{
    internal MyEntityConfiguration()
    {
        this.Property(e => e.Value).HasPrecision(38, 18);
    }
}


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