How to use AutoMapper to map destination object with a child object in the source object?

automapper c# entity-framework


I have the source and destination objects like this:

class ProductWithCategories // Source class
    public Product Product { get; set; } // Product is an EF entity class
    public IEnumerable<Category> Categories { get; set; }

class ProductViewModel // Dest class
    public int Id { get; set; }
    // Other properties with the same name as Product class

    public IEnumerable<CategoryViewModel> Categories { get; set; }

So, my need is to map the values of source.Product into dest, and then source.Categories into dest.Categories. Is it possible with AutoMapper?

I have tried this and I was not surprised when it failed:

        config.CreateMap<ProductWithCategories, ProductViewModel>()
            .ForMember(q => q, option => option.MapFrom(q => q.Product))
            .ForMember(q => q.Categories, option => option.MapFrom(q => q.Categories));

Here is the exception I received:

[AutoMapperConfigurationException: Custom configuration for members is only supported for top-level individual members on a type.]

5/14/2018 2:20:59 AM

Accepted Answer

After some discussion with OP, it turns out his main need is to quickly map a child/nested object inside the source object to the flattened destination object. He does not want to write a mapping for every property of the destination.

Here is a way to achieve this:

  • Define a mapping Product -> ProductViewModel used to flatten the members of Product
  • Define a mapping Category to CategoryViewModel
  • Define a mapping ProductWithCategories -> ProductViewModel that maps the categories, and then in the aftermap, map the Product:

    config.CreateMap<ProductWithCategories, ProductViewModel>() .ForMember(q => q.Id, option => option.Ignore()) // flattened in AfterMap .ForMember(q => q.Categories, option => option.MapFrom(q => q.Categories)) .AfterMap((src, dst) => Mapper.Map(src.Product, dst));

2/23/2016 9:35:17 AM

Popular Answer

Using recent versions of AutoMapper, you can do something like the following:

config.CreateMap<Product, ProductViewModel>()
      .ForMember(q => q.Categories, option => option.Ignore());

config.CreateMap<ProductWithCategories, ProductViewModel>()
      .ConstructUsing(s => AutoMapper.Mapper.Map<ProductViewModel>(s.Product))
      .ForMember(q => q.Categories, option => option.MapFrom(q => q.Categories))
      .ForAllOtherMembers(o => o.Ignore();

ConstructUsing() is used to generate and populate the base class from the nested child[ren] of the source. If you have more than one such nested child, you would need to make several mapping calls to map each of them successively onto the instance generated by the first Map() call. The .ForAllOtherMembers() is relatively recent (if you don't have it, get a newer version of AutoMapper.) Unfortunately it's slightly unsafe as if you add destination members which will need mapping but forget to update the map, configuration validation will not catch it.

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