In Entity Framework 4.NET, how do you update an entity?

ado.net entity-framework

Question

my code is something like this:

public class Program
{
 [STAThread]
 static void main()
 {
  DataAccessClass dal = new DataAccessClass();
  List<Person> list = dal.GetPersons();
  Person p = list[0];
  p.LastName = "Changed!";
  dal.Update(p);
 }
}

public class DataAccessClass
{
 public static List<Person> GetPersons()
 {
  MyDBEntities context = new MyDBEntities();
  return context.Persons.ToList();
 }

 public void Update(Person p)
 {
  // what sould be written here?
 }
}

now please tell me what should i write in the Update() method? everything i write , encounters various exceptions. (please pay attention that the data loaded is tracked , connected or something like that)

1
10
8/29/2010 11:55:43 AM

Popular Answer

The problem is that your Person entities are still attached to context created in GetPersons. If you want to work with attached entities you have to use same context instance in both select and update operations. You have two choices to solve your problem.

1) Correctly handled attached entities

public class Program 
{ 
  [STAThread] 
  static void main() 
  { 
    using (DataAccessClass dal = new DataAccessClass())
    {
      List<Person> list = dal.GetPersons(); 
      Person p = list[0]; 
      p.LastName = "Changed!"; 
      dal.Save();
    } 
  } 
} 

public class DataAccessClass : IDisposable
{ 
  private MyDBEntities _context = new MyDBEntities(); 

  public List<Person> GetPersons() 
  { 
    return _context.Persons.ToList(); 
  } 

  public void Save() 
  { 
    // Context tracks changes on your entities. You don't have to do anything. Simply call
    // SaveChanges and all changes in all loaded entities will be done in DB.
    _context.SaveChanges();
  } 

  public void Dispose()
  {
    if (_context != null)
    {
      _context.Dispose();
      _context = null;
    }
  }
}

2) Don't use attached entities

public class Program 
{ 
  [STAThread] 
  static void main() 
  { 
    DataAccessClass dal = new DataAccessClass())
    List<Person> list = DataAccessClass.GetPersons(); 
    Person p = list[0]; 
    p.LastName = "Changed!"; 
    dal.Update(p);
  } 
} 

public class DataAccessClass
{ 
  public static List<Person> GetPersons() 
  {
    // Closing context will detach entities
    using (MyDBEntities context = new MyDBEntities())
    { 
      return context.Persons.ToList(); 
    }
  } 

  public void Update(Person p) 
  {  
    using (MyDBEntities context = new MyDBEntities())
    {
      context.Persons.Attach(p);
      // Detached entities don't track changes so after attaching you have to say
      // what changes have been done
      context.ObjectStateManager.ChangeObjectState(p, System.Data.EntityState.Modified);
      context.SaveChanges();
    }
  } 
}
19
10/13/2010 6:25:28 PM


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