Entity Framework, Automatic apply Migrations

c# ef-code-first ef-migrations entity-framework

Question

I am using Entity Framework Code First approach with AutomaticMigrationsEnabled = true:

Database.SetInitializer(new MigrateDatabaseToLatestVersion<DbContext, MigrateDBConfiguration>());
//////////////////////////////////

public class MigrateDBConfiguration : System.Data.Entity.Migrations.DbMigrationsConfiguration<DbContext>
{
    public MigrateDBConfiguration()
    {
        AutomaticMigrationsEnabled = true;
        AutomaticMigrationDataLossAllowed = true;
    }
}

The first run of the project creates the database and tables as expected. After changing my model by adding or dropping fields, I ran Add-Migration. The Migration class was generated but after running the project this exception occurs:

An exception of type 'System.InvalidOperationException' occurred in EntityFramework.dll but was not handled in user code

Additional information: The model backing the 'DBContext' context has changed since the database was created.

EDIT: Per the guidance in the answer of arturo menchaca I changed my code like this:

protected override void OnModelCreating(DbModelBuilder modelBuilder)
    {
        Database.SetInitializer(new MigrateDatabaseToLatestVersion<DBContext, MigrateDBConfiguration<DBContext>>());

...

After the change this exception is occurring:

There is already an object named 'MyTable' in the database.

How can I apply my database migration?

1
15
3/24/2020 1:11:18 PM

Accepted Answer

Finally, I found a solution to my problem. I call this method in each application start :

public void InitializeDatabase(DataAccessManager context)
{
    if (!context.Database.Exists() || !context.Database.CompatibleWithModel(false))
    {
        var configuration = new DbMigrationsConfiguration();
        var migrator = new DbMigrator(configuration);
        migrator.Configuration.TargetDatabase = new DbConnectionInfo(context.Database.Connection.ConnectionString, "System.Data.SqlClient");
        var migrations = migrator.GetPendingMigrations();
        if (migrations.Any())
        {
            var scriptor = new MigratorScriptingDecorator(migrator);
            var script = scriptor.ScriptUpdate(null, migrations.Last());

            if (!string.IsNullOrEmpty(script))
            {
                context.Database.ExecuteSqlCommand(script);
            }
        }
    }
}
16
3/24/2020 1:11:39 PM

Popular Answer

Automatic Migrations means that you don't need to run add-migration command for your changes in the models, but you have to run update-database command manually.

If Automatic Migrations is enabled when you call update-database, if there are pending changes in your models, an 'automatic' migration will be added and database will be updated.

If you want that your database is updated without need to call update-database command, you can add Database.SetInitializer(...) in OnModelCreating() method on your context, like so:

public class MyContext : DbContext
{
    protected override void OnModelCreating(DbModelBuilder modelBuilder)
    {
        Database.SetInitializer(new MigrateDatabaseToLatestVersion<MyContext, MigrateDBConfiguration>());
    }

    ...
}

public class MigrateDBConfiguration : System.Data.Entity.Migrations.DbMigrationsConfiguration<MyContext>
{
    ...

Note that you should declare DbMigrationsConfiguration and MigrateDatabaseToLatestVersion with your real context, not the default DbContext.



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