The instance of entity type cannot be tracked because another instance of this type with the same key is already being tracked

asp.net c# entity-framework

Question

I have a Service Object Update

public bool Update(object original, object modified)
{
    var originalClient = (Client)original;
    var modifiedClient = (Client)modified;
    _context.Clients.Update(originalClient); //<-- throws the error
    _context.SaveChanges();
    //Variance checking and logging of changes between the modified and original
}

This is where I am calling this method from:

public IActionResult Update(DetailViewModel vm)
{
    var originalClient = (Client)_service.GetAsNoTracking(vm.ClientId);
    var modifiedClient = (Client)_service.Fetch(vm.ClientId.ToString());
    // Changing the modifiedClient here
    _service.Update(originalClient, modifiedClient);
}

Here is the GetAsNotTracking method:

public Client GetAsNoTracking(long id)
{
    return GetClientQueryableObject(id).AsNoTracking().FirstOrDefault();
}

Fetch method:

public object Fetch(string id)
{
   long fetchId;
   long.TryParse(id, out fetchId);
   return GetClientQueryableObject(fetchId).FirstOrDefault();
}

GetClientQueryableObject:

private Microsoft.Data.Entity.Query.IIncludableQueryable<Client, ActivityType> GetClientQueryableObject(long searchId)
{
    return _context.Clients
        .Where(x => x.Id == searchId)
        .Include(x => x.Opportunities)
        .ThenInclude(x => x.BusinessUnit)
        .Include(x => x.Opportunities)
        .ThenInclude(x => x.Probability)
        .Include(x => x.Industry)
        .Include(x => x.Activities)
        .ThenInclude(x => x.User)
        .Include(x => x.Activities)
        .ThenInclude(x => x.ActivityType);
 }

Any ideas?

I have looked the following articles / discussions. To no avail:ASP.NET GitHub Issue 3839

UPDATE:

Here are the changes to GetAsNoTracking:

public Client GetAsNoTracking(long id)
{
    return GetClientQueryableObjectAsNoTracking(id).FirstOrDefault();
}

GetClientQueryableObjectAsNoTracking:

private IQueryable<Client> GetClientQueryableObjectAsNoTracking(long searchId)
{
    return _context.Clients
        .Where(x => x.Id == searchId)
        .Include(x => x.Opportunities)
        .ThenInclude(x => x.BusinessUnit)
        .AsNoTracking()
        .Include(x => x.Opportunities)
        .ThenInclude(x => x.Probability)
        .AsNoTracking()
        .Include(x => x.Industry)
        .AsNoTracking()
        .Include(x => x.Activities)
        .ThenInclude(x => x.User)
        .AsNoTracking()
        .Include(x => x.Activities)
        .ThenInclude(x => x.ActivityType)
        .AsNoTracking();
}
1
43
4/26/2016 6:02:16 AM

Popular Answer

Without overriding EF track system, you can also Detach the 'local' entry and attach your updated entry before saving :

// 
var local = _context.Set<YourEntity>()
    .Local
    .FirstOrDefault(entry => entry.Id.Equals(entryId));

// check if local is not null 
if (local != null)
{
    // detach
    _context.Entry(local).State = EntityState.Detached;
}
// set Modified flag in your entry
_context.Entry(entryToUpdate).State = EntityState.Modified;

// save 
_context.SaveChanges();

UPDATE: To avoid code redundancy, you can do an extension method :

public static void DetachLocal<T>(this DbContext context, T t, string entryId) 
    where T : class, IIdentifier 
{
    var local = context.Set<T>()
        .Local
        .FirstOrDefault(entry => entry.Id.Equals(entryId));
    if (!local.IsNull())
    {
        context.Entry(local).State = EntityState.Detached;
    }
    context.Entry(t).State = EntityState.Modified;
}

My IIdentifier interface has just an Id string property.

Whatever your Entity, you can use this method on your context :

_context.DetachLocal(tmodel, id);
_context.SaveChanges();
46
12/3/2019 4:33:42 AM


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