Query PostgreSQL with Npgsql and Entity Framework using unaccent

entity-framework-6 npgsql postgresql

Question

Is possible to use Npgsql and Entity Framework 6 for query PostgreSQL ignoring accents? In play SQL it's possible to use the unaccent extension and could be indexed with a index also based in unaccent:

select * from users where unaccent(name) = unaccent('João')

In previous projects using MySql I could solve this problem just using a collation accent insensitive like utf8_swedish_ci but PostgreSQL lacks this kind of solution as far as I know.

1
2
4/27/2016 1:20:14 PM

Accepted Answer

If you use the Codefirst approach, you should try to use EntityFramework.CodeFirstStoreFunctions.

  1. First add EntityFramework.CodeFirstStoreFunctions to your project
  2. Add a custom convention with unaccent to DbModelBuilder
  3. Use it in a query.

Example of database context:

public class DatabaseContext : DbContext
{
    public DatabaseContext () : base("Context")
    {
        Database.SetInitializer<DatabaseContext>(null);
    }

    public DbSet<User> Users { get; set; }

    protected override void OnModelCreating(DbModelBuilder modelBuilder)
    {
        modelBuilder.HasDefaultSchema("public");
        modelBuilder.Conventions.Remove<PluralizingTableNameConvention>();

        /** Adding unaccent **/           
        modelBuilder.Conventions.Add(new CodeFirstStoreFunctions.FunctionsConvention<DatabaseContext>("public"));
    }

    [DbFunction("CodeFirstDatabaseSchema", "unaccent")]
    public string Unaccent(string value)
    {
        // no need to provide an implementation
        throw new NotSupportedException();
    }
}

Example of usage:

var users = ctx.Users
               .Where(elem => ctx.Unaccent(elem.FirstName) == ctx.Unaccent("João"))
               .ToList();

Important notice:
This solution works with EntityFramework6.Npgsql (which uses Npgsql 3.*).
It doesn't work with Npgsql.EntityFramework (which uses Npgsql 2.*)

5
6/7/2016 1:12:13 PM


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