Select all columns but group by only one in linq

c# entity-framework linq sql-server

Question

I have been looking for a way to get multiple columns but group by only one in SQL and I found some info. However I can not came up with a way to do it in linq.

I have the following toy example table:

| Id | Message | GroupId | Date |
|-------------------------------|
| 1  | Hello   | 1       | 1:00 |
| 2  | Hello   | 1       | 1:01 |
| 3  | Hey     | 2       | 2:00 |
| 4  | Dude    | 3       | 3:00 |
| 5  | Dude    | 3       | 3:01 |

And I would like to recover all columns for the rows that have a distinct GroupId as follows (with a 'Date' desc order):

| Id | Message | GroupId | Date |
|-------------------------------|
| 1  | Hello   | 1       | 1:00 |
| 3  | Hey     | 2       | 2:00 |
| 4  | Dude    | 3       | 3:00 |

I do not really care about which row is picked from the grouped ones (first, second...) as long as is the only one given that group Id.

I have came out with the following code so far but it does not do what is supposed to:

List<XXX> messages = <MyRep>.Get(<MyWhere>)
                            .GroupBy(x => x.GroupId)
                            .Select(grp => grp.OrderBy(x => x.Date))
                            .OrderBy(y => y.First().Date)
                            .SelectMany(y => y).ToList();
1
6
8/11/2016 10:37:14 AM

Accepted Answer

This will give you one item per group:

List<dynamic> data = new List<dynamic>
{
    new {ID  = 1, Message = "Hello", GroupId = 1, Date = DateTime.Now},
    new {ID  = 2, Message = "Hello", GroupId = 1, Date = DateTime.Now},
    new {ID  = 3, Message = "Hey",   GroupId = 2, Date = DateTime.Now},
    new {ID  = 4, Message = "Dude",  GroupId = 3, Date = DateTime.Now},
    new {ID  = 5, Message = "Dude",  GroupId = 3, Date = DateTime.Now},
};

var result = data.GroupBy(item => item.GroupId)
                 .Select(grouping => grouping.FirstOrDefault())
                 .OrderByDescending(item => item.Date)
                 .ToList();

//Or you can also do like this:
var result = data.GroupBy(item => item.GroupId)
                 .SelectMany(grouping => grouping.Take(1))
                 .OrderByDescending(item => item.Date)
                 .ToList();

If you want to control OrderBy then:

var result = data.GroupBy(item => item.GroupId)
                 .SelectMany(grouping => grouping.OrderBy(item => item.Date).Take(1))
                 .OrderByDescending(item => item.Date)
                 .ToList();
14
8/11/2016 10:33:58 AM


Related Questions





Related

Licensed under: CC-BY-SA with attribution
Not affiliated with Stack Overflow
Licensed under: CC-BY-SA with attribution
Not affiliated with Stack Overflow