Entity Framework not working with temporal table

c# entity-framework-6 sql-server sql-server-2016 temporal-database

Question

I'm using database first entity framework 6. After changing some of the tables in my schema to be temporal tables, I started getting the following error when attempting to insert new data:

Cannot insert an explicit value into a GENERATED ALWAYS column in table '<MyDatabase>.dbo.<MyTableName>. Use INSERT with a column list to exclude the GENERATED ALWAYS column, or insert a DEFAULT into GENERATED ALWAYS column.

It looks like EF is trying to update the values of the PERIOD columns which are managed by the system.

Removing the columns from the EDMX file seems to correct the problem, but this is not a viable solution since the columns are re-added each time the model is regenerated from the database.

1
15
11/22/2016 12:40:03 PM

Accepted Answer

There are two solutions to this problem:

  1. In the property window for the column in the EDMX designer, change the StoreGeneratedPattern on the PERIOD columns (ValidFrom and ValidTo in my case) to be identity. Identity is better than computed since computed will cause EF to refresh the values on an Insert and Update as opposed to just an insert with identity
  2. Create an IDbCommandTreeInterceptor implementation to remove the period columns. This is my preferred solution since it requires no additional work when adding new tables to the model.

Here's my implementation:

using System.Data.Entity.Infrastructure.Interception; 
using System.Data.Entity.Core.Common.CommandTrees; 
using System.Data.Entity.Core.Metadata.Edm; 
using System.Collections.ObjectModel;

internal class TemporalTableCommandTreeInterceptor : IDbCommandTreeInterceptor
{
    private static readonly List<string> _namesToIgnore = new List<string> { "ValidFrom", "ValidTo" };

    public void TreeCreated(DbCommandTreeInterceptionContext interceptionContext)
    {
        if (interceptionContext.OriginalResult.DataSpace == DataSpace.SSpace)
        {
            var insertCommand = interceptionContext.Result as DbInsertCommandTree;
            if (insertCommand != null)
            {
                var newSetClauses = GenerateSetClauses(insertCommand.SetClauses);

                var newCommand = new DbInsertCommandTree(
                    insertCommand.MetadataWorkspace,
                    insertCommand.DataSpace,
                    insertCommand.Target,
                    newSetClauses,
                    insertCommand.Returning);

                interceptionContext.Result = newCommand;
            }

            var updateCommand = interceptionContext.Result as DbUpdateCommandTree;
            if (updateCommand != null)
            {
                var newSetClauses = GenerateSetClauses(updateCommand.SetClauses);

                var newCommand = new DbUpdateCommandTree(
                    updateCommand.MetadataWorkspace,
                    updateCommand.DataSpace,
                    updateCommand.Target,
                    updateCommand.Predicate,
                    newSetClauses,
                    updateCommand.Returning);

                interceptionContext.Result = newCommand;
            }
        }
    }

    private static ReadOnlyCollection<DbModificationClause> GenerateSetClauses(IList<DbModificationClause> modificationClauses)
    {
        var props = new List<DbModificationClause>(modificationClauses);
        props = props.Where(_ => !_namesToIgnore.Contains((((_ as DbSetClause)?.Property as DbPropertyExpression)?.Property as EdmProperty)?.Name)).ToList();

        var newSetClauses = new ReadOnlyCollection<DbModificationClause>(props);
        return newSetClauses;
    }
}

Register this interceptor with EF by running the following anywhere in your code before you use your context:

DbInterception.Add(new TemporalTableCommandTreeInterceptor());
22
8/2/2019 7:08:32 PM

Popular Answer

I've ran into this error on a system-versioned table and I just set the EF configuration to ignore the system maintained columns like so

            Ignore(x => x.SysEndTime);
            Ignore(x => x.SysStartTime);

and insert/update works with DB still updating these columns as necessary to keep history. Another way would be to setup the the column like so

Property(x => x.SysEndTime).IsRequired().HasColumnType("datetime2").HasDatabaseGeneratedOption(DatabaseGeneratedOption.Computed);


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