In TPH, ADO EF stands for Errors Mapping Associations between Derived Types.

c# entity-framework orm

Question

Background

Utilizing Visual Studio 2008 SP1 and the.NET Framework 3.5 SP1, I am creating a data access library using the ADO Entity Framework. I'm attempting to link together two things that are both derivations of an abstract type. I am using Per-hierarchy Table (TPH) to represent both entity inheritance hierarchies, thus there are just two tables total—one for each hierarchy.

NOTE To get around this issue, you may utilize Table Per Type (TPT), however this has its own problems. When deciding between inheritance persistence models, see here and here for additional information.

Here is a snapshot of the Entity Model's Designer view:

 Design View of the Entity Model in Visual Studio 2008 SP1

A snapshot of the database structure is shown below:

Database Schema

Assumptions

The following error is likely to appear when you construct associations in the ADO Entity Framework Designer between derived types modeled with TPH using Visual Studio 2008 SP1 and the.NET Framework 3.5 SP1. "Two entities with different keys are assigned to the same row, which is error 3034. Make sure that these two mapping pieces don't map the same set of rows to two groups of entities with overlapping keys."

According to the information I have, you must add a Condition to the association on the Foreign Key in the following manner to address this problem:

<Condition ColumnName="Endpoint1" IsNull="false" />

This update to the PersonPersonToPerson1 relationship may be seen in the following screenshot:

 Visual Studio 2008 SP1 Editing of GraphModel.edmx

Constraints

  • Each hierarchy's foundation classes, such as Node and Link, should be abstract.
  • The relationships between two derived types must provide navigation attributes that may be distinguished by link type (e.g. PersonToPerson and PersonToLocation). This implies that you cannot construct the relationships between the abstract base classes of Link and Node.

Problem:

When I build/validate the model after creating the Entity Model as stated above and adding the Conditions to the AssociationMappings as stated in the Assumptions above, I see a "Error 3023."

Error   1   Error 3023: Problem in Mapping Fragments starting at lines 146, 153, 159, 186, 195, 204, 213: Column Link.Endpoint1 has no default value and is not nullable. A column value is required to store entity data.
An Entity with Key (PK) will not round-trip when:
((PK is NOT in 'LinkSet' EntitySet OR PK does NOT play Role 'PersonToPerson' in AssociationSet 'PersonPersonToPerson1') AND (PK is in 'LinkSet' EntitySet OR PK plays Role 'PersonToPerson' in AssociationSet 'PersonPersonToPerson1' OR PK plays Role 'PersonToPerson' in AssociationSet 'PersonPersonToPerson'))
C:\Documents and Settings\Demo\My Documents\Visual Studio 2008\Projects\GraphExample2.BusinessEntities\GraphExample2.BusinessEntities\GraphModel.edmx   147 15  GraphExample2.BusinessEntities

In the case above, the Entity Framework is having trouble because two properties are being mapped to the same foreign keys. In the PersonToLocation derived type, for instance, the column and foreign key for Endpoint1 are mapped to the Person property, and in the PersonToPerson derived type, to the Leader property.

I'm not sure why this is a problem. Why isn't the TypeDiscriminator field sufficient for the EF to determine which group a particular row belongs in given that the Leader/Follower Properties are only in the PersonToPerson derived type and not in any other derived type or base type, and the same is true of the Person/Location property?

It appears to me that you would put Endpoint1 in the Leader and Endpoint2 in the Follower if you were working with an object whose TypeDiscriminator was set to 1. Similar to this, you should put Endpoint1 in Person and Endpoint2 in Location when dealing with an object whose TypeDiscriminator = 2.

Question:

How can the Error 3023 be fixed so that these relationships may take place?

OR

How do you build the kinds of relationships I just mentioned in the ADO Entity Framework?

References:

Code

SQL:

USE [GraphExample2]
GO
/****** Object:  Table [dbo].[Node]    Script Date: 02/17/2009 14:36:13 ******/
SET ANSI_NULLS ON
GO
SET QUOTED_IDENTIFIER ON
GO
SET ANSI_PADDING ON
GO
CREATE TABLE [dbo].[Node](
    [NodeID] [int] NOT NULL,
    [NodeTypeDiscriminator] [int] NOT NULL,
    [Name] [varchar](255) NOT NULL,
    [Description] [varchar](1023) NULL,
 CONSTRAINT [PK_Node] PRIMARY KEY CLUSTERED 
(
    [NodeID] ASC
)WITH (PAD_INDEX  = OFF, STATISTICS_NORECOMPUTE  = OFF, IGNORE_DUP_KEY = OFF, ALLOW_ROW_LOCKS  = ON, ALLOW_PAGE_LOCKS  = ON) ON [PRIMARY]
) ON [PRIMARY]
GO
SET ANSI_PADDING OFF
GO
/****** Object:  Table [dbo].[Link]    Script Date: 02/17/2009 14:36:12 ******/
SET ANSI_NULLS ON
GO
SET QUOTED_IDENTIFIER ON
GO
SET ANSI_PADDING ON
GO
CREATE TABLE [dbo].[Link](
    [LinkID] [int] NOT NULL,
    [LinkTypeDiscriminator] [int] NOT NULL,
    [Endpoint1] [int] NOT NULL,
    [Endpoint2] [int] NOT NULL,
    [Name] [varchar](255) NULL,
    [Description] [varchar](1023) NULL,
 CONSTRAINT [PK_Link] PRIMARY KEY CLUSTERED 
(
    [LinkID] ASC
)WITH (PAD_INDEX  = OFF, STATISTICS_NORECOMPUTE  = OFF, IGNORE_DUP_KEY = OFF, ALLOW_ROW_LOCKS  = ON, ALLOW_PAGE_LOCKS  = ON) ON [PRIMARY]
) ON [PRIMARY]
GO
SET ANSI_PADDING OFF
GO
/****** Object:  ForeignKey [FK_Link_Node_Endpoint1]    Script Date: 02/17/2009 14:36:12 ******/
ALTER TABLE [dbo].[Link]  WITH CHECK ADD  CONSTRAINT [FK_Link_Node_Endpoint1] FOREIGN KEY([Endpoint1])
REFERENCES [dbo].[Node] ([NodeID])
GO
ALTER TABLE [dbo].[Link] CHECK CONSTRAINT [FK_Link_Node_Endpoint1]
GO
/****** Object:  ForeignKey [FK_Link_Node_Endpoint2]    Script Date: 02/17/2009 14:36:12 ******/
ALTER TABLE [dbo].[Link]  WITH CHECK ADD  CONSTRAINT [FK_Link_Node_Endpoint2] FOREIGN KEY([Endpoint2])
REFERENCES [dbo].[Node] ([NodeID])
GO
ALTER TABLE [dbo].[Link] CHECK CONSTRAINT [FK_Link_Node_Endpoint2]
GO

EDMX:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<edmx:Edmx Version="1.0" xmlns:edmx="http://schemas.microsoft.com/ado/2007/06/edmx">
  <!-- EF Runtime content -->
  <edmx:Runtime>
    <!-- SSDL content -->
    <edmx:StorageModels>
      <Schema Namespace="GraphModel.Store" Alias="Self" Provider="System.Data.SqlClient" ProviderManifestToken="2005" xmlns:store="http://schemas.microsoft.com/ado/2007/12/edm/EntityStoreSchemaGenerator" xmlns="http://schemas.microsoft.com/ado/2006/04/edm/ssdl">
        <EntityContainer Name="GraphModelStoreContainer">
          <EntitySet Name="Link" EntityType="GraphModel.Store.Link" store:Type="Tables" Schema="dbo" />
          <EntitySet Name="Node" EntityType="GraphModel.Store.Node" store:Type="Tables" Schema="dbo" />
          <AssociationSet Name="FK_Link_Node_Endpoint1" Association="GraphModel.Store.FK_Link_Node_Endpoint1">
            <End Role="Node" EntitySet="Node" />
            <End Role="Link" EntitySet="Link" />
          </AssociationSet>
          <AssociationSet Name="FK_Link_Node_Endpoint2" Association="GraphModel.Store.FK_Link_Node_Endpoint2">
            <End Role="Node" EntitySet="Node" />
            <End Role="Link" EntitySet="Link" />
          </AssociationSet>
        </EntityContainer>
        <EntityType Name="Link">
          <Key>
            <PropertyRef Name="LinkID" />
          </Key>
          <Property Name="LinkID" Type="int" Nullable="false" />
          <Property Name="LinkTypeDiscriminator" Type="int" Nullable="false" />
          <Property Name="Endpoint1" Type="int" Nullable="false" />
          <Property Name="Endpoint2" Type="int" Nullable="false" />
          <Property Name="Name" Type="varchar" MaxLength="255" />
          <Property Name="Description" Type="varchar" MaxLength="1023" />
        </EntityType>
        <EntityType Name="Node">
          <Key>
            <PropertyRef Name="NodeID" />
          </Key>
          <Property Name="NodeID" Type="int" Nullable="false" />
          <Property Name="NodeTypeDiscriminator" Type="int" Nullable="false" />
          <Property Name="Name" Type="varchar" Nullable="false" MaxLength="255" />
          <Property Name="Description" Type="varchar" MaxLength="1023" />
        </EntityType>
        <Association Name="FK_Link_Node_Endpoint1">
          <End Role="Node" Type="GraphModel.Store.Node" Multiplicity="1" />
          <End Role="Link" Type="GraphModel.Store.Link" Multiplicity="*" />
          <ReferentialConstraint>
            <Principal Role="Node">
              <PropertyRef Name="NodeID" />
            </Principal>
            <Dependent Role="Link">
              <PropertyRef Name="Endpoint1" />
            </Dependent>
          </ReferentialConstraint>
        </Association>
        <Association Name="FK_Link_Node_Endpoint2">
          <End Role="Node" Type="GraphModel.Store.Node" Multiplicity="1" />
          <End Role="Link" Type="GraphModel.Store.Link" Multiplicity="*" />
          <ReferentialConstraint>
            <Principal Role="Node">
              <PropertyRef Name="NodeID" />
            </Principal>
            <Dependent Role="Link">
              <PropertyRef Name="Endpoint2" />
            </Dependent>
          </ReferentialConstraint>
        </Association>
      </Schema>
    </edmx:StorageModels>
    <!-- CSDL content -->
    <edmx:ConceptualModels>
      <Schema xmlns="http://schemas.microsoft.com/ado/2006/04/edm" Namespace="GraphModel" Alias="Self">
        <EntityContainer Name="GraphModelContainer" >
          <EntitySet Name="NodeSet" EntityType="GraphModel.Node" />
          <EntitySet Name="LinkSet" EntityType="GraphModel.Link" />
          <AssociationSet Name="PersonPersonToPerson" Association="GraphModel.PersonPersonToPerson">
            <End Role="Person" EntitySet="NodeSet" />
            <End Role="PersonToPerson" EntitySet="LinkSet" />
          </AssociationSet>
          <AssociationSet Name="PersonPersonToPerson1" Association="GraphModel.PersonPersonToPerson1">
            <End Role="Person" EntitySet="NodeSet" />
            <End Role="PersonToPerson" EntitySet="LinkSet" />
          </AssociationSet>
          <AssociationSet Name="Person_PersonToLocation" Association="GraphModel.Person_PersonToLocation">
            <End Role="Person" EntitySet="NodeSet" />
            <End Role="PersonToLocation" EntitySet="LinkSet" />
          </AssociationSet>
          <AssociationSet Name="Location_PersonToLocation" Association="GraphModel.Location_PersonToLocation">
            <End Role="Location" EntitySet="NodeSet" />
            <End Role="PersonToLocation" EntitySet="LinkSet" />
          </AssociationSet>
        </EntityContainer>
        <EntityType Name="Node" Abstract="true">
          <Key>
            <PropertyRef Name="NodeId" />
          </Key>
          <Property Name="NodeId" Type="Int32" Nullable="false" />
          <Property Name="Name" Type="String" Nullable="false" />
          <Property Name="Description" Type="String" Nullable="true" />
        </EntityType>
        <EntityType Name="Person" BaseType="GraphModel.Node" >
          <NavigationProperty Name="Leaders" Relationship="GraphModel.PersonPersonToPerson" FromRole="Person" ToRole="PersonToPerson" />
          <NavigationProperty Name="Followers" Relationship="GraphModel.PersonPersonToPerson1" FromRole="Person" ToRole="PersonToPerson" />
          <NavigationProperty Name="Locations" Relationship="GraphModel.Person_PersonToLocation" FromRole="Person" ToRole="PersonToLocation" />
        </EntityType>
        <EntityType Name="Location" BaseType="GraphModel.Node" >
          <NavigationProperty Name="Visitors" Relationship="GraphModel.Location_PersonToLocation" FromRole="Location" ToRole="PersonToLocation" />
        </EntityType>
        <EntityType Name="Link" Abstract="true">
          <Key>
            <PropertyRef Name="LinkId" />
          </Key>
          <Property Name="LinkId" Type="Int32" Nullable="false" />
          <Property Name="Name" Type="String" Nullable="true" />
          <Property Name="Description" Type="String" Nullable="true" />
        </EntityType>
        <EntityType Name="PersonToPerson" BaseType="GraphModel.Link" >
          <NavigationProperty Name="Leader" Relationship="GraphModel.PersonPersonToPerson" FromRole="PersonToPerson" ToRole="Person" />
          <NavigationProperty Name="Follower" Relationship="GraphModel.PersonPersonToPerson1" FromRole="PersonToPerson" ToRole="Person" />
        </EntityType>
        <EntityType Name="PersonToLocation" BaseType="GraphModel.Link" >
          <NavigationProperty Name="Person" Relationship="GraphModel.Person_PersonToLocation" FromRole="PersonToLocation" ToRole="Person" />
          <NavigationProperty Name="Location" Relationship="GraphModel.Location_PersonToLocation" FromRole="PersonToLocation" ToRole="Location" />
        </EntityType>
        <Association Name="PersonPersonToPerson">
          <End Type="GraphModel.Person" Role="Person" Multiplicity="1" />
          <End Type="GraphModel.PersonToPerson" Role="PersonToPerson" Multiplicity="*" />
        </Association>
        <Association Name="PersonPersonToPerson1">
          <End Type="GraphModel.Person" Role="Person" Multiplicity="1" />
          <End Type="GraphModel.PersonToPerson" Role="PersonToPerson" Multiplicity="*" />
        </Association>
        <Association Name="Person_PersonToLocation">
          <End Type="GraphModel.Person" Role="Person" Multiplicity="1" />
          <End Type="GraphModel.PersonToLocation" Role="PersonToLocation" Multiplicity="*" />
        </Association>
        <Association Name="Location_PersonToLocation">
          <End Type="GraphModel.Location" Role="Location" Multiplicity="1" />
          <End Type="GraphModel.PersonToLocation" Role="PersonToLocation" Multiplicity="*" />
        </Association>
      </Schema>
    </edmx:ConceptualModels>
    <!-- C-S mapping content -->
    <edmx:Mappings>
      <Mapping xmlns="urn:schemas-microsoft-com:windows:storage:mapping:CS" Space="C-S">
        <Alias Key="Model" Value="GraphModel" />
        <Alias Key="Target" Value="GraphModel.Store" />
        <EntityContainerMapping CdmEntityContainer="GraphModelContainer" StorageEntityContainer="GraphModelStoreContainer">
          <EntitySetMapping Name="LinkSet">
            <EntityTypeMapping TypeName="IsTypeOf(GraphModel.Link)">
              <MappingFragment StoreEntitySet="Link">
                <ScalarProperty Name="Description" ColumnName="Description" />
                <ScalarProperty Name="Name" ColumnName="Name" />
                <ScalarProperty Name="LinkId" ColumnName="LinkID" />
              </MappingFragment>
            </EntityTypeMapping>
            <EntityTypeMapping TypeName="IsTypeOf(GraphModel.PersonToPerson)">
              <MappingFragment StoreEntitySet="Link" >
                <ScalarProperty Name="LinkId" ColumnName="LinkID" />
                <Condition ColumnName="LinkTypeDiscriminator" Value="1" />
              </MappingFragment>
            </EntityTypeMapping>
            <EntityTypeMapping TypeName="IsTypeOf(GraphModel.PersonToLocation)">
              <MappingFragment StoreEntitySet="Link" >
                <ScalarProperty Name="LinkId" ColumnName="LinkID" />
                <Condition ColumnName="LinkTypeDiscriminator" Value="2" />
              </MappingFragment>
            </EntityTypeMapping>
          </EntitySetMapping>
          <EntitySetMapping Name="NodeSet">
            <EntityTypeMapping TypeName="IsTypeOf(GraphModel.Node)">
              <MappingFragment StoreEntitySet="Node">
                <ScalarProperty Name="Description" ColumnName="Description" />
                <ScalarProperty Name="Name" ColumnName="Name" />
                <ScalarProperty Name="NodeId" ColumnName="NodeID" />
              </MappingFragment>
            </EntityTypeMapping>
            <EntityTypeMapping TypeName="IsTypeOf(GraphModel.Person)">
              <MappingFragment StoreEntitySet="Node" >
                <ScalarProperty Name="NodeId" ColumnName="NodeID" />
                <Condition ColumnName="NodeTypeDiscriminator" Value="1" />
              </MappingFragment>
            </EntityTypeMapping>
            <EntityTypeMapping TypeName="IsTypeOf(GraphModel.Location)">
              <MappingFragment StoreEntitySet="Node" >
                <ScalarProperty Name="NodeId" ColumnName="NodeID" />
                <Condition ColumnName="NodeTypeDiscriminator" Value="2" />
              </MappingFragment>
            </EntityTypeMapping>
          </EntitySetMapping>
          <AssociationSetMapping Name="PersonPersonToPerson1" TypeName="GraphModel.PersonPersonToPerson1" StoreEntitySet="Link">
            <EndProperty Name="Person">
              <ScalarProperty Name="NodeId" ColumnName="Endpoint1" />
            </EndProperty>
            <EndProperty Name="PersonToPerson">
              <ScalarProperty Name="LinkId" ColumnName="LinkID" />
            </EndProperty>
            <Condition ColumnName="Endpoint1" IsNull="false" />
          </AssociationSetMapping>
          <AssociationSetMapping Name="PersonPersonToPerson" TypeName="GraphModel.PersonPersonToPerson" StoreEntitySet="Link">
            <EndProperty Name="Person">
              <ScalarProperty Name="NodeId" ColumnName="Endpoint2" />
            </EndProperty>
            <EndProperty Name="PersonToPerson">
              <ScalarProperty Name="LinkId" ColumnName="LinkID" />
            </EndProperty>
            <Condition ColumnName="Endpoint2" IsNull="false" />
          </AssociationSetMapping>
          <AssociationSetMapping Name="Person_PersonToLocation" TypeName="GraphModel.Person_PersonToLocation" StoreEntitySet="Link">
            <EndProperty Name="Person">
              <ScalarProperty Name="NodeId" ColumnName="Endpoint1" />
            </EndProperty>
            <EndProperty Name="PersonToLocation">
              <ScalarProperty Name="LinkId" ColumnName="LinkID" />
            </EndProperty>
            <Condition ColumnName="Endpoint1" IsNull="false" />
          </AssociationSetMapping>
          <AssociationSetMapping Name="Location_PersonToLocation" TypeName="GraphModel.Location_PersonToLocation" StoreEntitySet="Link">
            <EndProperty Name="Location">
              <ScalarProperty Name="NodeId" ColumnName="Endpoint2" />
            </EndProperty>
            <EndProperty Name="PersonToLocation">
              <ScalarProperty Name="LinkId" ColumnName="LinkID" />
            </EndProperty>
            <Condition ColumnName="Endpoint2" IsNull="false" />
          </AssociationSetMapping>
        </EntityContainerMapping>
      </Mapping>
    </edmx:Mappings>
  </edmx:Runtime>
  <!-- EF Designer content (DO NOT EDIT MANUALLY BELOW HERE) -->
  <edmx:Designer xmlns="http://schemas.microsoft.com/ado/2007/06/edmx">
    <edmx:Connection>
      <DesignerInfoPropertySet>
        <DesignerProperty Name="MetadataArtifactProcessing" Value="EmbedInOutputAssembly" />
      </DesignerInfoPropertySet>
    </edmx:Connection>
    <edmx:Options>
      <DesignerInfoPropertySet>
        <DesignerProperty Name="ValidateOnBuild" Value="true" />
      </DesignerInfoPropertySet>
    </edmx:Options>
    <!-- Diagram content (shape and connector positions) -->
    <edmx:Diagrams>
      <Diagram Name="GraphModel" ZoomLevel="114" >
        <EntityTypeShape EntityType="GraphModel.Node" Width="1.5" PointX="5.875" PointY="1.375" Height="1.427958984375" />
        <EntityTypeShape EntityType="GraphModel.Person" Width="1.5" PointX="5.875" PointY="3.25" Height="1.4279589843749996" />
        <EntityTypeShape EntityType="GraphModel.Location" Width="1.5" PointX="7.75" PointY="4.625" Height="1.0992643229166665" />
        <InheritanceConnector EntityType="GraphModel.Location">
          <ConnectorPoint PointX="7.375" PointY="2.0889794921875" />
          <ConnectorPoint PointX="8.5" PointY="2.0889794921875" />
          <ConnectorPoint PointX="8.5" PointY="4.625" />
        </InheritanceConnector>
        <EntityTypeShape EntityType="GraphModel.Link" Width="1.5" PointX="2.875" PointY="1.375" Height="1.427958984375" />
        <EntityTypeShape EntityType="GraphModel.PersonToPerson" Width="1.75" PointX="2.625" PointY="3.125" Height="0.9349169921875" />
        <InheritanceConnector EntityType="GraphModel.PersonToPerson">
          <ConnectorPoint PointX="3.625" PointY="2.802958984375" />
          <ConnectorPoint PointX="3.625" PointY="3.125" />
        </InheritanceConnector>
        <InheritanceConnector EntityType="GraphModel.Person">
          <ConnectorPoint PointX="6.625" PointY="2.802958984375" />
          <ConnectorPoint PointX="6.625" PointY="3.25" />
        </InheritanceConnector>
        <EntityTypeShape EntityType="GraphModel.PersonToLocation" Width="1.875" PointX="0.75" PointY="4.625" Height="1.2636116536458326" />
        <InheritanceConnector EntityType="GraphModel.PersonToLocation">
          <ConnectorPoint PointX="2.875" PointY="2.0889794921875" />
          <ConnectorPoint PointX="1.65625" PointY="2.0889794921875" />
          <ConnectorPoint PointX="1.65625" PointY="4.625" />
        </InheritanceConnector>
        <AssociationConnector Association="GraphModel.PersonPersonToPerson">
          <ConnectorPoint PointX="5.875" PointY="3.8193058268229163" />
          <ConnectorPoint PointX="4.375" PointY="3.8193058268229163" />
        </AssociationConnector>
        <AssociationConnector Association="GraphModel.PersonPersonToPerson1">
          <ConnectorPoint PointX="5.875" PointY="3.4721529134114579" />
          <ConnectorPoint PointX="4.375" PointY="3.4721529134114579" />
        </AssociationConnector>
        <AssociationConnector Association="GraphModel.Person_PersonToLocation">
          <ConnectorPoint PointX="6.625" PointY="4.677958984375" />
          <ConnectorPoint PointX="6.625" PointY="5.1875" />
          <ConnectorPoint PointX="2.625" PointY="5.1875" />
        </AssociationConnector>
        <AssociationConnector Association="GraphModel.Location_PersonToLocation">
          <ConnectorPoint PointX="7.75" PointY="5.4791666666666661" />
          <ConnectorPoint PointX="2.625" PointY="5.4791666666666661" />
        </AssociationConnector>
      </Diagram>
    </edmx:Diagrams>
  </edmx:Designer>
</edmx:Edmx>
1
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3/2/2019 2:01:35 PM

Accepted Answer

Potential Solutions

  1. Each relationship between derived types should have its own column, with the columns being numbered nullable.
  2. Between each of these additional columns and the main key table, establish a foreign key.
  3. To ensure that each column and foreign key is only ever used once, map each association in your entity model to a distinct, single column and foreign key.

Problems

This is a really bad option since it increases the amount of columns you need.

  • Adding a column for each association between derived types causes the number of columns to explode.
  • Blank Columns In the instance of TPH, it implies that your table will include a significant number of empty columns.
  • query join - Changing from TPH to TPT to reduce the amount of empty columns forces EF to utilize a JOIN, which must happen quite often (almost every time you deal with any of the derived types).
  • Refactoring In the event that you later add a derived type, you will not only need to update your Entity model (*.edmx) and its mapping but also the database schema by include new columns!

Example

The final database structure for the Link/Node example above would like this:

GraphExample Workaround Database Schema


Code

SQL:

USE [GraphExample2]
GO
/****** Object:  Table [dbo].[Node]    Script Date: 02/26/2009 15:45:53 ******/
SET ANSI_NULLS ON
GO
SET QUOTED_IDENTIFIER ON
GO
SET ANSI_PADDING ON
GO
CREATE TABLE [dbo].[Node](
    [NodeID] [int] IDENTITY(1,1) NOT NULL,
    [NodeTypeDiscriminator] [int] NOT NULL,
    [Name] [varchar](255) NOT NULL,
    [Description] [varchar](1023) NULL,
 CONSTRAINT [PK_Node] PRIMARY KEY CLUSTERED 
(
    [NodeID] ASC
)WITH (PAD_INDEX  = OFF, STATISTICS_NORECOMPUTE  = OFF, IGNORE_DUP_KEY = OFF, ALLOW_ROW_LOCKS  = ON, ALLOW_PAGE_LOCKS  = ON) ON [PRIMARY]
) ON [PRIMARY]
GO
SET ANSI_PADDING OFF
GO
/****** Object:  Table [dbo].[Link]    Script Date: 02/26/2009 15:45:53 ******/
SET ANSI_NULLS ON
GO
SET QUOTED_IDENTIFIER ON
GO
SET ANSI_PADDING ON
GO
CREATE TABLE [dbo].[Link](
    [LinkID] [int] IDENTITY(1,1) NOT NULL,
    [LinkTypeDiscriminator] [int] NOT NULL,
    [LeaderID] [int] NULL,
    [FollowerID] [int] NULL,
    [PersonID] [int] NULL,
    [LocationID] [int] NULL,
    [Name] [varchar](255) NULL,
    [Description] [varchar](1023) NULL,
 CONSTRAINT [PK_Link] PRIMARY KEY CLUSTERED 
(
    [LinkID] ASC
)WITH (PAD_INDEX  = OFF, STATISTICS_NORECOMPUTE  = OFF, IGNORE_DUP_KEY = OFF, ALLOW_ROW_LOCKS  = ON, ALLOW_PAGE_LOCKS  = ON) ON [PRIMARY]
) ON [PRIMARY]
GO
SET ANSI_PADDING OFF
GO
/****** Object:  ForeignKey [FK_Link_Node_Follower]    Script Date: 02/26/2009 15:45:53 ******/
ALTER TABLE [dbo].[Link]  WITH CHECK ADD  CONSTRAINT [FK_Link_Node_Follower] FOREIGN KEY([FollowerID])
REFERENCES [dbo].[Node] ([NodeID])
GO
ALTER TABLE [dbo].[Link] CHECK CONSTRAINT [FK_Link_Node_Follower]
GO
/****** Object:  ForeignKey [FK_Link_Node_Leader]    Script Date: 02/26/2009 15:45:53 ******/
ALTER TABLE [dbo].[Link]  WITH CHECK ADD  CONSTRAINT [FK_Link_Node_Leader] FOREIGN KEY([LeaderID])
REFERENCES [dbo].[Node] ([NodeID])
GO
ALTER TABLE [dbo].[Link] CHECK CONSTRAINT [FK_Link_Node_Leader]
GO
/****** Object:  ForeignKey [FK_Link_Node_Location]    Script Date: 02/26/2009 15:45:53 ******/
ALTER TABLE [dbo].[Link]  WITH CHECK ADD  CONSTRAINT [FK_Link_Node_Location] FOREIGN KEY([LocationID])
REFERENCES [dbo].[Node] ([NodeID])
GO
ALTER TABLE [dbo].[Link] CHECK CONSTRAINT [FK_Link_Node_Location]
GO
/****** Object:  ForeignKey [FK_Link_Node_Person]    Script Date: 02/26/2009 15:45:53 ******/
ALTER TABLE [dbo].[Link]  WITH CHECK ADD  CONSTRAINT [FK_Link_Node_Person] FOREIGN KEY([PersonID])
REFERENCES [dbo].[Node] ([NodeID])
GO
ALTER TABLE [dbo].[Link] CHECK CONSTRAINT [FK_Link_Node_Person]
GO

EDMX:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
  <edmx:Edmx Version="1.0" xmlns:edmx="http://schemas.microsoft.com/ado/2007/06/edmx">
    <!-- EF Runtime content -->
    <edmx:Runtime>
      <!-- SSDL content -->
      <edmx:StorageModels>
        <Schema Namespace="GraphModel.Store" Alias="Self" Provider="System.Data.SqlClient" ProviderManifestToken="2005" xmlns:store="http://schemas.microsoft.com/ado/2007/12/edm/EntityStoreSchemaGenerator" xmlns="http://schemas.microsoft.com/ado/2006/04/edm/ssdl">
          <EntityContainer Name="GraphModelStoreContainer">
            <EntitySet Name="Link" EntityType="GraphModel.Store.Link" store:Type="Tables" Schema="dbo" />
            <EntitySet Name="Node" EntityType="GraphModel.Store.Node" store:Type="Tables" Schema="dbo" />
            <AssociationSet Name="FK_Link_Node_Follower" Association="GraphModel.Store.FK_Link_Node_Follower">
              <End Role="Node" EntitySet="Node" />
              <End Role="Link" EntitySet="Link" />
            </AssociationSet>
            <AssociationSet Name="FK_Link_Node_Leader" Association="GraphModel.Store.FK_Link_Node_Leader">
              <End Role="Node" EntitySet="Node" />
              <End Role="Link" EntitySet="Link" />
            </AssociationSet>
            <AssociationSet Name="FK_Link_Node_Location" Association="GraphModel.Store.FK_Link_Node_Location">
              <End Role="Node" EntitySet="Node" />
              <End Role="Link" EntitySet="Link" />
            </AssociationSet>
            <AssociationSet Name="FK_Link_Node_Person" Association="GraphModel.Store.FK_Link_Node_Person">
              <End Role="Node" EntitySet="Node" />
              <End Role="Link" EntitySet="Link" />
            </AssociationSet>
          </EntityContainer>
          <EntityType Name="Link">
            <Key>
              <PropertyRef Name="LinkID" />
            </Key>
            <Property Name="LinkID" Type="int" Nullable="false" StoreGeneratedPattern="Identity" />
            <Property Name="LinkTypeDiscriminator" Type="int" Nullable="false" />
            <Property Name="LeaderID" Type="int" />
            <Property Name="FollowerID" Type="int" />
            <Property Name="PersonID" Type="int" />
            <Property Name="LocationID" Type="int" />
            <Property Name="Name" Type="varchar" MaxLength="255" />
            <Property Name="Description" Type="varchar" MaxLength="1023" />
          </EntityType>
          <EntityType Name="Node">
            <Key>
              <PropertyRef Name="NodeID" />
            </Key>
            <Property Name="NodeID" Type="int" Nullable="false" StoreGeneratedPattern="Identity" />
            <Property Name="NodeTypeDiscriminator" Type="int" Nullable="false" />
            <Property Name="Name" Type="varchar" Nullable="false" MaxLength="255" />
            <Property Name="Description" Type="varchar" MaxLength="1023" />
          </EntityType>
          <Association Name="FK_Link_Node_Follower">
            <End Role="Node" Type="GraphModel.Store.Node" Multiplicity="0..1" />
            <End Role="Link" Type="GraphModel.Store.Link" Multiplicity="*" />
            <ReferentialConstraint>
              <Principal Role="Node">
                <PropertyRef Name="NodeID" />
              </Principal>
              <Dependent Role="Link">
                <PropertyRef Name="FollowerID" />
              </Dependent>
            </ReferentialConstraint>
          </Association>
          <Association Name="FK_Link_Node_Leader">
            <End Role="Node" Type="GraphModel.Store.Node" Multiplicity="0..1" />
            <End Role="Link" Type="GraphModel.Store.Link" Multiplicity="*" />
            <ReferentialConstraint>
              <Principal Role="Node">
                <PropertyRef Name="NodeID" />
              </Principal>
              <Dependent Role="Link">
                <PropertyRef Name="LeaderID" />
              </Dependent>
            </ReferentialConstraint>
          </Association>
          <Association Name="FK_Link_Node_Location">
            <End Role="Node" Type="GraphModel.Store.Node" Multiplicity="0..1" />
            <End Role="Link" Type="GraphModel.Store.Link" Multiplicity="*" />
            <ReferentialConstraint>
              <Principal Role="Node">
                <PropertyRef Name="NodeID" />
              </Principal>
              <Dependent Role="Link">
                <PropertyRef Name="LocationID" />
              </Dependent>
            </ReferentialConstraint>
          </Association>
          <Association Name="FK_Link_Node_Person">
            <End Role="Node" Type="GraphModel.Store.Node" Multiplicity="0..1" />
            <End Role="Link" Type="GraphModel.Store.Link" Multiplicity="*" />
            <ReferentialConstraint>
              <Principal Role="Node">
                <PropertyRef Name="NodeID" />
              </Principal>
              <Dependent Role="Link">
                <PropertyRef Name="PersonID" />
              </Dependent>
            </ReferentialConstraint>
          </Association>
        </Schema>
      </edmx:StorageModels>
      <!-- CSDL content -->
      <edmx:ConceptualModels>
        <Schema xmlns="http://schemas.microsoft.com/ado/2006/04/edm" Namespace="GraphModel" Alias="Self">
          <EntityContainer Name="GraphModelContainer" >
            <EntitySet Name="NodeSet" EntityType="GraphModel.Node" />
            <EntitySet Name="LinkSet" EntityType="GraphModel.Link" />
            <AssociationSet Name="PersonPersonToPerson_Leader" Association="GraphModel.PersonPersonToPerson_Leader">
              <End Role="Person" EntitySet="NodeSet" />
              <End Role="PersonToPerson" EntitySet="LinkSet" />
            </AssociationSet>
            <AssociationSet Name="PersonPersonToPerson_Follower" Association="GraphModel.PersonPersonToPerson_Follower">
              <End Role="Person" EntitySet="NodeSet" />
              <End Role="PersonToPerson" EntitySet="LinkSet" />
            </AssociationSet>
            <AssociationSet Name="Person_PersonToLocation" Association="GraphModel.Person_PersonToLocation">
              <End Role="Person" EntitySet="NodeSet" />
              <End Role="PersonToLocation" EntitySet="LinkSet" />
            </AssociationSet>
            <AssociationSet Name="Location_PersonToLocation" Association="GraphModel.Location_PersonToLocation">
              <End Role="Location" EntitySet="NodeSet" />
              <End Role="PersonToLocation" EntitySet="LinkSet" />
            </AssociationSet>
          </EntityContainer>
          <EntityType Name="Node" Abstract="true">
            <Key>
              <PropertyRef Name="NodeId" />
            </Key>
            <Property Name="NodeId" Type="Int32" Nullable="false" />
            <Property Name="Name" Type="String" Nullable="false" />
            <Property Name="Description" Type="String" Nullable="true" />
          </EntityType>
          <EntityType Name="Person" BaseType="GraphModel.Node" >
            <NavigationProperty Name="Leaders" Relationship="GraphModel.PersonPersonToPerson_Leader" FromRole="Person" ToRole="PersonToPerson" />
            <NavigationProperty Name="Followers" Relationship="GraphModel.PersonPersonToPerson_Follower" FromRole="Person" ToRole="PersonToPerson" />
            <NavigationProperty Name="Locations" Relationship="GraphModel.Person_PersonToLocation" FromRole="Person" ToRole="PersonToLocation" />
          </EntityType>
          <EntityType Name="Location" BaseType="GraphModel.Node" >
            <NavigationProperty Name="Visitors" Relationship="GraphModel.Location_PersonToLocation" FromRole="Location" ToRole="PersonToLocation" />
          </EntityType>
          <EntityType Name="Link" Abstract="true">
            <Key>
              <PropertyRef Name="LinkId" />
            </Key>
            <Property Name="LinkId" Type="Int32" Nullable="false" />
            <Property Name="Name" Type="String" Nullable="true" />
            <Property Name="Description" Type="String" Nullable="true" />
          </EntityType>
          <EntityType Name="PersonToPerson" BaseType="GraphModel.Link" >
            <NavigationProperty Name="Leader" Relationship="GraphModel.PersonPersonToPerson_Leader" FromRole="PersonToPerson" ToRole="Person" />
            <NavigationProperty Name="Follower" Relationship="GraphModel.PersonPersonToPerson_Follower" FromRole="PersonToPerson" ToRole="Person" />
          </EntityType>
          <EntityType Name="PersonToLocation" BaseType="GraphModel.Link" >
            <NavigationProperty Name="Person" Relationship="GraphModel.Person_PersonToLocation" FromRole="PersonToLocation" ToRole="Person" />
            <NavigationProperty Name="Location" Relationship="GraphModel.Location_PersonToLocation" FromRole="PersonToLocation" ToRole="Location" />
          </EntityType>
          <Association Name="PersonPersonToPerson_Leader">
            <End Type="GraphModel.Person" Role="Person" Multiplicity="1" />
            <End Type="GraphModel.PersonToPerson" Role="PersonToPerson" Multiplicity="*" />
          </Association>
          <Association Name="PersonPersonToPerson_Follower">
            <End Type="GraphModel.Person" Role="Person" Multiplicity="1" />
            <End Type="GraphModel.PersonToPerson" Role="PersonToPerson" Multiplicity="*" />
          </Association>
          <Association Name="Person_PersonToLocation">
            <End Type="GraphModel.Person" Role="Person" Multiplicity="1" />
            <End Type="GraphModel.PersonToLocation" Role="PersonToLocation" Multiplicity="*" />
          </Association>
          <Association Name="Location_PersonToLocation">
            <End Type="GraphModel.Location" Role="Location" Multiplicity="1" />
            <End Type="GraphModel.PersonToLocation" Role="PersonToLocation" Multiplicity="*" />
          </Association>
        </Schema>
      </edmx:ConceptualModels>
      <!-- C-S mapping content -->
      <edmx:Mappings>
        <Mapping xmlns="urn:schemas-microsoft-com:windows:storage:mapping:CS" Space="C-S">
          <Alias Key="Model" Value="GraphModel" />
          <Alias Key="Target" Value="GraphModel.Store" />
          <EntityContainerMapping CdmEntityContainer="GraphModelContainer" StorageEntityContainer="GraphModelStoreContainer">
            <EntitySetMapping Name="LinkSet">
              <EntityTypeMapping TypeName="IsTypeOf(GraphModel.Link)">
                <MappingFragment StoreEntitySet="Link">
                  <ScalarProperty Name="Description" ColumnName="Description" />
                  <ScalarProperty Name="Name" ColumnName="Name" />
                  <ScalarProperty Name="LinkId" ColumnName="LinkID" />
                </MappingFragment>
              </EntityTypeMapping>
              <EntityTypeMapping TypeName="IsTypeOf(GraphModel.PersonToPerson)">
                <MappingFragment StoreEntitySet="Link" >
                  <ScalarProperty Name="LinkId" ColumnName="LinkID" />
                  <Condition ColumnName="LinkTypeDiscriminator" Value="1" />
                </MappingFragment>
              </EntityTypeMapping>
              <EntityTypeMapping TypeName="IsTypeOf(GraphModel.PersonToLocation)">
                <MappingFragment StoreEntitySet="Link" >
                  <ScalarProperty Name="LinkId" ColumnName="LinkID" />
                  <Condition ColumnName="LinkTypeDiscriminator" Value="2" />
                </MappingFragment>
              </EntityTypeMapping>
            </EntitySetMapping>
            <EntitySetMapping Name="NodeSet">
              <EntityTypeMapping TypeName="IsTypeOf(GraphModel.Node)">
                <MappingFragment StoreEntitySet="Node">
                  <ScalarProperty Name="Description" ColumnName="Description" />
                  <ScalarProperty Name="Name" ColumnName="Name" />
                  <ScalarProperty Name="NodeId" ColumnName="NodeID" />
                </MappingFragment>
              </EntityTypeMapping>
              <EntityTypeMapping TypeName="IsTypeOf(GraphModel.Person)">
                <MappingFragment StoreEntitySet="Node" >
                  <ScalarProperty Name="NodeId" ColumnName="NodeID" />
                  <Condition ColumnName="NodeTypeDiscriminator" Value="1" />
                </MappingFragment>
              </EntityTypeMapping>
              <EntityTypeMapping TypeName="IsTypeOf(GraphModel.Location)">
                <MappingFragment StoreEntitySet="Node" >
                  <ScalarProperty Name="NodeId" ColumnName="NodeID" />
                  <Condition ColumnName="NodeTypeDiscriminator" Value="2" />
                </MappingFragment>
              </EntityTypeMapping>
            </EntitySetMapping>
            <AssociationSetMapping Name="PersonPersonToPerson_Follower" TypeName="GraphModel.PersonPersonToPerson_Follower" StoreEntitySet="Link">
              <EndProperty Name="Person">
                <ScalarProperty Name="NodeId" ColumnName="FollowerID" />
              </EndProperty>
              <EndProperty Name="PersonToPerson">
                <ScalarProperty Name="LinkId" ColumnName="LinkID" />
              </EndProperty>
            </AssociationSetMapping>
            <AssociationSetMapping Name="PersonPersonToPerson_Leader" TypeName="GraphModel.PersonPersonToPerson_Leader" StoreEntitySet="Link">
              <EndProperty Name="Person">
                <ScalarProperty Name="NodeId" ColumnName="LeaderID" />
              </EndProperty>
              <EndProperty Name="PersonToPerson">
                <ScalarProperty Name="LinkId" ColumnName="LinkID" />
              </EndProperty>
            </AssociationSetMapping>
            <AssociationSetMapping Name="Person_PersonToLocation" TypeName="GraphModel.Person_PersonToLocation" StoreEntitySet="Link">
              <EndProperty Name="Person">
                <ScalarProperty Name="NodeId" ColumnName="PersonID" />
              </EndProperty>
              <EndProperty Name="PersonToLocation">
                <ScalarProperty Name="LinkId" ColumnName="LinkID" />
              </EndProperty>
            </AssociationSetMapping>
            <AssociationSetMapping Name="Location_PersonToLocation" TypeName="GraphModel.Location_PersonToLocation" StoreEntitySet="Link">
              <EndProperty Name="Location">
                <ScalarProperty Name="NodeId" ColumnName="LocationID" />
              </EndProperty>
              <EndProperty Name="PersonToLocation">
                <ScalarProperty Name="LinkId" ColumnName="LinkID" />
              </EndProperty>
            </AssociationSetMapping>
          </EntityContainerMapping>
        </Mapping>
      </edmx:Mappings>
    </edmx:Runtime>
    <!-- EF Designer content (DO NOT EDIT MANUALLY BELOW HERE) -->
    <edmx:Designer xmlns="http://schemas.microsoft.com/ado/2007/06/edmx">
      <edmx:Connection>
        <DesignerInfoPropertySet>
          <DesignerProperty Name="MetadataArtifactProcessing" Value="EmbedInOutputAssembly" />
        </DesignerInfoPropertySet>
      </edmx:Connection>
      <edmx:Options>
        <DesignerInfoPropertySet>
          <DesignerProperty Name="ValidateOnBuild" Value="true" />
        </DesignerInfoPropertySet>
      </edmx:Options>
      <!-- Diagram content (shape and connector positions) -->
      <edmx:Diagrams>
        <Diagram Name="GraphModel" ZoomLevel="114" >
          <EntityTypeShape EntityType="GraphModel.Node" Width="1.5" PointX="5.875" PointY="1.375" Height="1.427958984375" />
          <EntityTypeShape EntityType="GraphModel.Person" Width="1.5" PointX="5.875" PointY="3.25" Height="1.4279589843749996" />
          <EntityTypeShape EntityType="GraphModel.Location" Width="1.5" PointX="7.75" PointY="4.625" Height="1.0992643229166665" />
          <InheritanceConnector EntityType="GraphModel.Location">
            <ConnectorPoint PointX="7.375" PointY="2.4176741536458342" />
            <ConnectorPoint PointX="8.5" PointY="2.4176741536458342" />
            <ConnectorPoint PointX="8.5" PointY="4.625" />
          </InheritanceConnector>
          <EntityTypeShape EntityType="GraphModel.Link" Width="1.5" PointX="2.875" PointY="1.375" Height="1.427958984375" />
          <EntityTypeShape EntityType="GraphModel.PersonToPerson" Width="1.75" PointX="2.75" PointY="3.25" Height="1.2636116536458326" />
          <InheritanceConnector EntityType="GraphModel.PersonToPerson" ManuallyRouted="false">
            <ConnectorPoint PointX="3.625" PointY="2.802958984375" />
            <ConnectorPoint PointX="3.625" PointY="3.25" />
          </InheritanceConnector>
          <InheritanceConnector EntityType="GraphModel.Person">
            <ConnectorPoint PointX="6.625" PointY="3.4603483072916683" />
            <ConnectorPoint PointX="6.625" PointY="3.25" />
          </InheritanceConnector>
          <EntityTypeShape EntityType="GraphModel.PersonToLocation" Width="1.875" PointX="0.75" PointY="4.625" Height="1.2636116536458326" />
          <InheritanceConnector EntityType="GraphModel.PersonToLocation">
            <ConnectorPoint PointX="2.875" PointY="2.4176741536458342" />
            <ConnectorPoint PointX="1.65625" PointY="2.4176741536458342" />
            <ConnectorPoint PointX="1.65625" PointY="4.625" />
          </InheritanceConnector>
          <AssociationConnector Association="GraphModel.PersonPersonToPerson_Leader">
            <ConnectorPoint PointX="5.875" PointY="3.8818058268229163" />
            <ConnectorPoint PointX="4.5" PointY="3.8818058268229163" />
          </AssociationConnector>
          <AssociationConnector Association="GraphModel.PersonPersonToPerson_Follower">
            <ConnectorPoint PointX="5.875" PointY="3.5034029134114579" />
            <ConnectorPoint PointX="4.5" PointY="3.5034029134114579" />
          </AssociationConnector>
          <AssociationConnector Association="GraphModel.Person_PersonToLocation">
            <ConnectorPoint PointX="6.625" PointY="4.677958984375" />
            <ConnectorPoint PointX="6.625" PointY="5.0078214863281243" />
            <ConnectorPoint PointX="2.625" PointY="5.0078214863281243" />
          </AssociationConnector>
          <AssociationConnector Association="GraphModel.Location_PersonToLocation">
            <ConnectorPoint PointX="7.75" PointY="5.40018798828125" />
            <ConnectorPoint PointX="2.625" PointY="5.40018798828125" />
          </AssociationConnector>
        </Diagram>
      </edmx:Diagrams>
    </edmx:Designer>
  </edmx:Edmx>
6
3/3/2019 11:01:57 PM

Popular Answer

AoA!

Between two tables, EntityModelCodeGenerator creates a 0..1 to many relation; it should be one too many.

It could be a viable option in this situation.

Sincere regards! Salahuddin



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Licensed under: CC-BY-SA with attribution
Not affiliated with Stack Overflow