Question

Been playing around with the Code First feature of Entity Framework 4.1 using an ASP.NET MVC 3 project.

However the database (SQL Server 2008 R2) does not automatically create the table mapping on application startup. Any ideas on how to make it do so?

The project has only one POCO:

namespace RIS.Models
{
    public class Person
    {
        [Key]
        public virtual string NRIC { get; protected set; }
        public virtual string FirstName { get; protected set; }
        public virtual string MiddleName { get; protected set; }
        public virtual string LastName { get; protected set; }
    }
}

It also has the following database context class:

namespace RIS.Models
{
    public class RIS_DB : DbContext
    {
        public DbSet<Person> People { get; set; }
    }
}

I've added a SQL connection string to the global web.config file as follows:

<add name="RIS_DB" connectionString="Data Source=URAHARA-PC;Initial Catalog=RIS_DB;
Integrated Security=SSPI;Pooling=False" providerName="System.Data.SqlClient"/>

There is also an explicit instruction to create the database if it does not exist in the Global.asax.cs file:

protected void Application_Start()
{
    Database.SetInitializer(new CreateDatabaseIfNotExists<RIS_DB>());

    AreaRegistration.RegisterAllAreas();

    RegisterGlobalFilters(GlobalFilters.Filters);
    RegisterRoutes(RouteTable.Routes);
}
1
33
7/4/2011 11:34:43 AM

Popular Answer

Asked around on the MSDN forums instead, and got a satisfactory answer:

Entity Framework will not create a database until first access. The current code block in Application_Start() only specifies the strategy to use when creating the database during first access.

To trigger creation of the database on startup, an instance of the database context must be created, and context.Database.Initialize(true) must be invoked.

67
1/29/2012 10:04:51 AM


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