To filter on a collection property, create a dynamic expression tree.

c# entity-framework filtering lambda wcf

Question

I am trying to build a lambda expression that will be combined with others into a rather large expression tree for filtering. This works fine until I need to filter by a sub collection property.

How do you build a Lambda expression that will filter using Any() on a property of a collection which is a property of the root object?

Example:

CurrentDataSource.Offices.Where(o => o.base_Trades.Any(t => t.Name == "test"))

This is how I would build the expression statically but I need to build it dynamically. Sorry for the confusion.

Edit: Here is a snippet of how I handle the less complicated expressions:

IQueryable<Office> officeQuery = CurrentDataSource.Offices.AsQueryable<Office>();
ParameterExpression pe = Expression.Parameter(typeof(Office), "Office");
ParameterExpression tpe = Expression.Parameter(typeof(Trades), "Trades");

Expression SimpleWhere = null;
Expression ComplexWhere = null;
foreach (ServerSideFilterObject fo in ssfo)
{
    SimpleWhere = null;
    foreach (String value in fo.FilterValues)
    {
        if (!CollectionProperties.Contains(fo.PropertyName))
        {
            //Handle singleton lambda logic here.
            Expression left = Expression.Property(pe, typeof(Office).GetProperty(fo.PropertyName));
            Expression right = Expression.Constant(value);
            if (SimpleWhere == null)
            {
                SimpleWhere = Expression.Equal(left, right);
            }
            else
            {
                Expression e1 = Expression.Equal(left, right);
                SimpleWhere = Expression.Or(SimpleWhere, e1);
            }
        }
        else
        {
            //handle inner Collection lambda logic here.
            Expression left = Expression.Property(tpe, typeof(Trades).GetProperty("Name"));
            Expression right = Expression.Constant(value);
            Expression InnerLambda = Expression.Equal(left, right);

            //Problem area.
            Expression OfficeAndProperty = Expression.Property(pe, typeof(Office).GetProperty(fo.PropertyName));
            Expression OuterLambda = Expression.Call(OfficeAndProperty, typeof(Trades).GetMethod("Any", new Type[] { typeof(Expression) } ),InnerLambda);

            if (SimpleWhere == null)
                SimpleWhere = OuterLambda;
            else
                SimpleWhere = Expression.Or(SimpleWhere, OuterLambda);
        }
    }
    if (ComplexWhere == null)
        ComplexWhere = SimpleWhere;
    else
        ComplexWhere = Expression.And(ComplexWhere, SimpleWhere);
}
MethodCallExpression whereCallExpression = Expression.Call(typeof(Queryable), "Where", new Type[] { officeQuery.ElementType }, officeQuery.Expression, Expression.Lambda<Func<Office, bool>>(ComplexWhere, new ParameterExpression[] { pe }));
results = officeQuery.Provider.CreateQuery<Office>(whereCallExpression);
1
15
1/24/2012 8:34:12 PM

Accepted Answer

Found the solution. I wasn't looking for the any method in the right place before.

Expression left = Expression.Property(tpe, typeof(Trades).GetProperty("Name"));
Expression right = Expression.Constant(value);
Expression InnerLambda = Expression.Equal(left, right);
Expression<Func<Trades, bool>> innerFunction = Expression.Lambda<Func<Trades, bool>>(InnerLambda, tpe);

method = typeof(Enumerable).GetMethods().Where(m => m.Name == "Any" && m.GetParameters().Length == 2).Single().MakeGenericMethod(typeof(Trades));
OuterLambda = Expression.Call(method, Expression.Property(pe, typeof(Office).GetProperty(fo.PropertyName)),innerFunction);
11
1/24/2012 4:18:17 PM

Popular Answer

Please don't do this, what you really want it to use a library called dynamic linq. http://nuget.org/packages/DynamicLINQ

You can just store your queries as strings, and it supports very complex querying. Expression trees are a nightmare.



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