In a lambda expression, how do you "let"?

c#-4.0 entity-framework lambda let linq

Question

How can I rewrite this linq query to Entity on with lambda expression?
I want to use let keyword or an equivalent in my lambda expression.

var results = from store in Stores
              let AveragePrice =  store.Sales.Average(s => s.Price)
              where AveragePrice < 500 && AveragePrice > 250

For some similar questions like what is commented under my question, it's suggested to

.Select(store=> new { AveragePrice = store.Sales.Average(s => s.Price), store})

which will calculate AveragePrice for each item, while in Query style I mentioned, let expression prevents to calculate average many times.

1
40
2/11/2012 2:29:56 PM

Accepted Answer

So, you can use the extension method syntax, which would involve one lambda expression more than you are currently using. There is no let, you just use a multi-line lambda and declare a variable:

var results = Stores.Where(store => 
{
    var averagePrice = store.Sales.Average(s => s.Price);
    return averagePrice > 250 && averagePrice < 500;
});

Note that I changed the average price comparison, because yours would never return any results (more than 500 AND less that 250).

The alternative is

var results = Stores.Select(store => new { Store = store, AveragePrice = store.Sales.Average(s => s.Price})
    .Where(x => x.AveragePrice > 250 && x.AveragePrice < 500)
    .Select(x => x.Store);
46
2/11/2012 1:09:15 PM

Popular Answer

Basically, you need to use Select and an anonymous type to add the average to your object, followed by the rest of your statement.

Not tested but it should look like this:

Stores.Select(
x => new { averagePrice = x.Sales.Average(s => s.Price), store = x})
.Where(y => y.averagePrice > 500 && y.averagePrice < 250)
.Select(x => x.store);

Warning, be careful with these constructs. Using let creates a new anonymous type per object in your collection, it consumes a lot of memory with large collections ...

Look here for details: Let in chained extension methods



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