實體框架中的“喜歡”查詢

entity-framework wildcard

如何使用edo實體框架在ASP.net MVC中獲取通配符文本搜索(如SQL的“like”語句)?

我以為這會起作用:

var elig = (from e in _documentDataModel.Protocol_Eligibility_View
            where e.criteria.Contains(query)
            select e);

但即使搜索肯定在數據庫中的查詢字符串,它也不會返回任何結果。我究竟做錯了什麼?

熱門答案

這個人為Linq做了一個非常好的“WhereLike”擴展,它接受任何通配符並將兩個值(其中一個來自表達式)與從通配符的位置派生的泛型方法進行比較。

  • x% - >從頭開始
  • %x - > endswith
  • %x% - >包含

http://trentacular.com/2010/08/linq-to-entities-wild-card-like-extension-method/

編輯:文章似乎失敗了。我將粘貼下面的擴展代碼:

public static class LinqHelper
    {
        //Support IQueryable (Linq to Entities)
        public static IQueryable<TSource> WhereLike<TSource>(this IQueryable<TSource> source, Expression<Func<TSource, string>> valueSelector, string value, char wildcard)
        {
            return source.Where(BuildLikeExpression(valueSelector, value, wildcard));
        }

        //Support IEnumerable (Linq to objects)
        public static IEnumerable<TSource> WhereLike<TSource>(this IEnumerable<TSource> sequence, Func<TSource, string> expression, string value, char wildcard)
        {
            var regEx = WildcardToRegex(value, wildcard);

            //Prevent multiple enumeration:
            var arraySequence = sequence as TSource[] ?? sequence.ToArray();

            try
            {
                return arraySequence.Where(item => Regex.IsMatch(expression(item), regEx));
            }
            catch (ArgumentNullException)
            {
                return arraySequence;
            }
        }

        //Used for the IEnumerable support
        private static string WildcardToRegex(string value, char wildcard)
        {
            return "(?i:^" + Regex.Escape(value).Replace("\\" + wildcard, "." + wildcard) + "$)";
        }

        //Used for the IQueryable support
        private static Expression<Func<TElement, bool>> BuildLikeExpression<TElement>(Expression<Func<TElement, string>> valueSelector, string value, char wildcard)
        {
            if (valueSelector == null) throw new ArgumentNullException("valueSelector");

            var method = GetLikeMethod(value, wildcard);

            value = value.Trim(wildcard);
            var body = Expression.Call(valueSelector.Body, method, Expression.Constant(value));

            var parameter = valueSelector.Parameters.Single();
            return Expression.Lambda<Func<TElement, bool>>(body, parameter);
        }

        private static MethodInfo GetLikeMethod(string value, char wildcard)
        {
            var methodName = "Equals";

            var textLength = value.Length;
            value = value.TrimEnd(wildcard);
            if (textLength > value.Length)
            {
                methodName = "StartsWith";
                textLength = value.Length;
            }

            value = value.TrimStart(wildcard);
            if (textLength > value.Length)
            {
                methodName = (methodName == "StartsWith") ? "Contains" : "EndsWith";
            }

            var stringType = typeof(string);
            return stringType.GetMethod(methodName, new[] { stringType });
        }
    }
}


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這個KB合法嗎? 是的,了解原因
許可下: CC-BY-SA with attribution
不隸屬於 Stack Overflow
這個KB合法嗎? 是的,了解原因